From Arica to Punta Lengua de Vaca (N Chile)

From Arica to Punta Lengua de Vaca (N Chile)

To precisely geolocate this site. Update if necessary.


From Arica to Punta Lengua de Vaca (N Chile)




Along this coast there are many large and small bays, many points. Many islets and rocks border the coast.
Almost the entire length of the coast is invaded by a desert. The Andes Cordillera advances to the seaand gives a very high and steep coast. There are many natural harbors along the coast. The Loa River, N Chileno tip is the only river that runs through the desert and reached the sea in all seasons.

Generally, the sea fronting this coast is deep but there are many underwater hazards along this coast. Many benches, 2 NM off, often beyond they. We must be very careful because these hazards are not always on the charts.

The geographic positions given in this sector have been obtained from the latest available Chilean charts and may differ as much as 1.2 miles S, 3.5 miles N, or 2 miles E from their charted positions.

Antofagasta is the largest port in northern Chile. The ports of Arica, Iquique, Tocopilla, Taltal, Chanaral, Caldera, Huasco, and Coquimbo are important. In addition, there are a number of smaller roadsteads and ore-loading ports.

The principal points, islands, and harbors are lighted. Fog occurs along this coast at infrequent intervals.

The currents off the coast of Chile are influenced by the Peru Current (or Humboldt curant). In general, this fresh current sets N parallel to the coast at a velocity of 0.5 knot. It sets slightly stronger from May to October than from November to April. The current is generally stronger near the land than at sea.

Le long de cette côte on trouvent de nombreuses grandes et petites baies, plusieurs pointes. De nombreux îlots et rochers bordent la côte.
Presque toute la longueur de cette côte est envahie par un désert. La Cordillère des Andes s'avance jusqu'à la mer et donne une côte très haute et raide. Il y a de nombreux ports naturels le long de la côte. La rivière Loa, au N de la pointe Chileno, est la seule rivière qui traverse le désert et atteint la mer durant toutes les saisons. 

En général, la profondeur est grande mais de nombreux dangers sous-marins bordent cette côte. De nombreux bancs, à 2 MN au large, débordent souvent celle-ci. Il faut être très prudent car ces dangers ne figurent pas toujours sur les cartes.

Les positions géographiques données dans ce secteur viennent de cartes chiliennes et diffèrent d'environ 1,2 MN au S et 2 MN à l'E des positions réelles. Des dangers non cartographiés peuvent exister. 

Antofagasta est le plus grand port du N du Chili. Ceux d'Arica, Iquique, Tocopilla, Talfal, Chanaral, Caldera, Huasco et Coquimbo sont importants. On trouve aussi des petits ports de chargement de minerai.
Les principales pointes, îles et les principaux ports sont éclairés car le brouillard sévit le long de cette côte, à intervalle régulier.

Les courants chiliens sont influencés par le courant du Pérou (ou courant de Humboldt). En général ce courant frais vient du N, parallèle à la côte, à une vitesse de 0,5 noeuds. Il augmente plus fortement de Mai à Octobre et plus près des côtes qu'en pleine mer.



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Flying distances - Direct line

Bahia Nuestra Senora (Antofagasta N chile)

Bahia Nuestra Senora recedes about 4 NM E between Punta Grande and Punta Taltal, about 16 NM S.Rocks and reefs, which extend about 0,5 NM offshore, are scattered along the shores of the bay.
27 Dec 12

Bahia Mejillones del Sur (Antofagasta N Chile)

Bahia Mejillones is entered between Punta Chacaya and Punta Angamos.The approaches to the bay are clearly depicted by radar from a distance of about 30 miles. Punta Angamos, Punta Chacaya, Morro Mejillones, and Tetas de Mejillones serve as excellent radar landmarks.
Morro Mejillones ...
20 Dec 12

Bahia Isla Blanca (Antofagasta N Chile)

Bahia Isla Blanca recedes about 3 NM SE between Punta Taltal and Punta San Pedro, about 9 NM SW. The shores of the bay are rocky and there are no anchorages. A number of white islets lie off a steep, prominent point on the SE side of the bay. Reefs extend about 0.5 NM from the ...
28 Dec 12

Bahia Moreno (Antofagasta N Chile)

Bahia Moreno lies between Punta Jorge and isla Guaman, about 7.5 miles ESE. Except for a sandy beach at the head of the bay, the shores are formed by rocky cliffs.
23 Dec 12

Bahia Salado (Atacama N Chile)

Bahia Salado is located between Punta Salado and Punta Cachos to S.
The shores of the bay are generally fringed with rocks, most of which are above water.
There are several coves and inlets in this bay.
10 Jan 13

Bahia Chanaral Las Animas (Atacama N Chile)

The wide Chanaral de Las Animas bay lies from N to Punta Achurra and S to Punta Las Animas.
A long white sandy beach borders the bay shore that is exposed and open at the surf.
On the S side of the bay, hills rise abruptly from the sea forming an excellent shelter from S winds.
Chanaral ...
29 Dec 12