Bay of Bengal

Bay of Bengal

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Bay of Bengal




The Bay of Bengal (largest bay in the world,) forms the northeastern part of the Indian Ocean. It is bordered mostly by the Eastern Coast of India, southern coast of Bangladesh and Sri Lanka to the west and Burma (Myanmar) and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands (part of India) to the east.

On the East, a line running from Cape Negrais in Burma through the larger islands of the Andaman group, in such a way that all the narrow waters between the islands lie to the Eastward of the line and are excluded from the Bay of Bengal, as far as a point in Little Andaman Island and thence along the Southwest limit of the Burma Sea [A line running from Oedjong Raja in Sumatra to Poeloe Bras (Breuëh) and on through the Western Islands of the Nicobar Group to Sandy Point in Little Andaman Island, in such a way that all the narrow waters appertain to the Burma Sea].

On the South. Adam's Bridge (between India and Ceylon [Sri Lanka]) and from the Southern extreme of Dondra Head (South point of Ceylon) to the North point of Poeloe Bras.

The islands in the bay are very numerous, including the Andaman, Nicobar and Mergui groups. The group of islands, Cheduba and others, in the north-east, off the Burmese coast, are remarkable for a chain of mud volcanoes, which are occasionally active. Great Andaman is the main archipelago or island group of the Andaman Islands, whereas Ritchie's Archipelago consists of smaller islands. Only 37 of the 572 islands and islets of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands are inhabited, or 6.5%.

Major Bangladesh ports on the bay include Chittagong and Mongla. Major Indian ports on the bay include Krishnapatnam, Chennai (formerly Madras), Vishakhapatnam, Kolkata (formerly Calcutta), and Pondicherry. Yangon, the largest city and former capital of Myanmar is also an important port in the bay.Kokalta and Chennai are the biggest ports in the world.


The monsoon currents regulate the climate of the Bay of Bengal and the regions around it.
During the months of January to October, the current flows towards the north in a clockwise circulation pattern and is called the East Indian Current.
The Bay of Bengal monsoon moves in a northwest direction hitting the Andaman and Nicobar Islands at the end of May and then the North Eastern Coast of India by the end of June.
Throughout the remaining part of the year, a counter-clockwise current flows towards the southwest direction, and is called the East Indian Winter Jet.
During the months of September and December the weather is very active. The monsoon season often brings in severe cyclones, which affect Eastern India as well as parts of other countries. The 1971 Orissa cyclone is one of the worst.

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Bay of Bengal

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East Coast of India

India, or the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south and the Bay of Bengal on the south-east, it shares land borders with China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north-east; and Burma and Bangladesh to the east.
In the Indian Ocean, India ...
20 Mar 12

Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka  is an island country with maritime borders with India to the northwest and the Maldives to the southwest.
7 Jul 16

Palk Bay (E India)

Palk Bay, the continuation S of Palk Strait, is bounded on the E by the coast of Sri Lanka, on the S by Mannar Island, Adam’s Bridge, and Pamban Island, and on the W by the coast of India.The bay has general depths of 11 to 12.8m, but on its E side depths of 9.1m and less extend ...
23 Mar 12

Paradip port (Orissa-NE India)

Paradip lies on the coast about 6.5 miles ENE of the entrance of the Jatadharmhan River.
The port handles containers, general cargo, dry bulk cargo, and liquid bulk cargo.Depth—Limitations The port is approached through a channel with dredged depth of 12.8m. Vessels with a draft ...
21 Apr 12

False point (Orissa-NE India)

About 2.5 miles NNE of the Lion’s Rump, False Point lies between the two entrances of the Mahanadi River and has been reported to be a good radar target up to 17 miles.
The lighthouse on the point is shown from a white round masonry tower with red bands; the lighthouse is difficult ...
21 Apr 12

Hope Island (Andhra Pradesh-E India)

Hope Island (16 km long sand spit from the sand carried by the waters of Godavari delta), one of a chain of similar islands which form part of the delta of the Godavari River, is low, swampy, and covered with jungle.
The area between Kakinada coast and Hope Island is known as Kakinada ...
28 Mar 12