Baltic sea

Baltic sea

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Localisation

Baltic sea
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Caractéristiques

Côte

Description

The Baltic Sea is located in Northern Europe. It is bounded by the Scandinavian Peninsula, the mainland of Europe, and the Danish islands.

The Baltic sea is about 1600 km  long, an average of 193 km wide, and an average of 55 m  deep. The maximum depth is 459 m (1506 ft), on the Swedish side of the center.

On the long-term average, the Baltic Sea is ice-covered for about 45% of its surface area at the maximum annually. The ice-covered area during such a typical winter includes the Gulf of Bothnia, the Gulf of Finland, Gulf of Riga, Väinameri in the Estonian archipelago, the Stockholm archipelago and the Archipelago Sea. The remainder of the Baltic itself does not freeze during a normal winter, with the exception of sheltered bays and shallow lagoons such as the Curonian Lagoon. The ice reaches its maximum extent in February or March; typical ice thickness in the northernmost areas in the Bothnian Bay, the northern basin of the Gulf of Bothnia, is about 70 cm (28 in) for landfast sea ice. The thickness decreases farther south.

Freezing begins in the northern extremities of Gulf of Bothnia typically in middle of November, reaching the open waters of Bothnian Bay in early January. The Bothnian Sea, the basin south Kvarken, freezes on average in late February. The Gulf of Finland and the Gulf of Riga freeze typically in late January. In 2011, the Gulf of Finland was completely frozen on 15 February.

2011/07/25
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Wikiadmin2
Ebook

Baltic sea

  • 85 sites
  • 73 photos
  • publication date: 16 Jun 2021
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Sites autour de Baltic sea

Flying distances - Direct line

Gulf of Bothnia

454nm
Le golfe de Botnie (en suédois : Bottniska viken, en finnois : Pohjanlahti) est situé dans la mer Baltique, entre les côtes finlandaises à l'est et les côtes suédoises à l'ouest. Au sud du golfe se situent l'archipel d'Åland (nom suédois) ou Ahvenanmaa (nom finnois), ...
1 Oct 10
Toto 7

Gulf of Finland

301nm
32°
Donnez ici des explications sur la zone. Vous pouvez y mettre du texte ou des images.
29 Sep 10
cdg2

Stockholm Archipelago

154nm
310°

Stockholm Archipelago ... over 30,000 islets and islands / rocks to enjoy. Unspoilt and clean - a paradise for cruising boats who enjoy natural surroundings. Unhurried and friendly.
Sailor remarks
Initial impression when looking at charts of the Archipelago tend to frighten ...
26 Jul 11
Wikiadmin2

Gulf of Riga

128nm
26°
Le Golfe de Riga est profond de 67m au maximum.  Sa géographie particulière qui ne permet pas un grand brassage de l’eau, amène à un taux de pollution plus élevé que dans la mer Baltique.
26 Jul 11
Wikiadmin2

Øresund

297nm
269°
L'Øresund en Danois ou Öresund en suèdois est le détroit qui sépare le Danemark et la Suède, plus précisément l'île de Sjaelland et la Scanie. L'Oresund relie la mer Baltique, au détroit de Kattegat en direction de la mer du Nord. Faisant environ 8km de long et 3 à 4 km ...
29 Sep 10
cdg2

Rügen

292nm
254°
Rügen is the largest island of Germany with over twelve “Bodden” (lagoon-like waters) connected up to each other by small bays. West winds dominate and high seas have to be expected.
26 Jun 14