Les Galapagos sont connues dans le monde entier pour leur faune docile et unique, lions de mer, les oiseaux et iguanes, vivant au milieu d'un paysage volcanique stérile. Rendu célèbre par Charles Darwin qui a visité l'archipel avec le navire "Beagle" en 1835, les îles sont aujourd'hui un parc national, classé sur la Liste du patrimoine mondial de l'UNESCO. Les îles sont volcaniques et certains des volcans sont toujours actifs. Le point culminant est le volcan Wolf, quelques 1707 mètres au dessus du niveau de la mer. La végétation est clairsemée. L'archipel est composé de 13 îles principales et 6 petites îles. Les îles sont l'une des 20 provinces de l’Équateur et les autorités équatoriennes préservent ce sanctuaire de la faune. C'est une des raisons pour obtenir une permission de croisière dans ces îles.
Formalities changed in 2003, and the situation confronting visiting yachts is now more confusing than ever. Formalities are still rather complicated, and much depends on the day and the person one encounters, but on the whole the authorities are now encouraging yachts to visit the islands. The former interdiction on stopping applied to cruising boats has now been relaxed and boats may stop at any one of the official ports.Occasionally day trips are allowed to some of the islands, when an official guide must accompany the boat, but overnight permits for private vessels are very difficult to obtain.
The climate is equatorial, cooled by the Humboldt current. December to May is the better season when the weather is pleasantly warm and the winds are light. From June to November the weather is overcast and cool. The water around the islands is surprisingly cold and the meeting of the Humboldt current and the warm air sometimes causes mist over the islands. Occasionally the Humboldt current is replaced by the warm El Niño current, a phenomenon which can affect weather conditions throughout the South Pacific.
The Galápagos Islands (official name: Archipiélago de Colón, other Spanish name: Islas Galápagos) are an archipelago of volcanic islands distributed on either side of the Equator in the Pacific Ocean, 906 km (563 mi) west of continental Ecuador, of which they are a part.
The Galápagos Islands and their surrounding waters form the Galápagos Province of Ecuador, the Galápagos National Park, and the Galápagos Marine Reserve. The principal language on the islands is Spanish.
The Galapagos archipelago consists of 13 main islands and 6 smaller isles: * Baltra & Seymour * Darwin & Wolf * Espanola * Fernandina * Floreana * Genovesa * Isabela - the largest island * Marchena * Pinta * Pinzon * Rabida * San Cristobal * Santa Cruz - the main island and population centre * Santa Fe * Santiago * South Plaza
Unless you make (very expensive) prior arrangements for a special
permit, and carry a licensed guide aboard, private yachts may only
anchor at these five inhabited ports. Isla San Cristobal: Puerto Baquerizo Moreno (Wreck Bay) Isla Santa Cruz: Puerto Ayora (Academy Bay) Isla Isabela: Puerto Villamil Isla Baltra: Puerto Seymour Isla Santa Maria (Floreana): Puerto Ibarra
Trips to other islands must be done by charter, with a licensed guide.
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On the southwestern shore of Baltra island is a pontoon allowing small ferries to the transfer of passengers and light vehicles Itabaca by the channel to the island Santa Cruz and rally the main city of the archipelago, Puerto Ayora. Easy entrance. The charts call it Caleta Aiolian, ...
As you approach Isla Isabela from the east, there is a small island to
the south of Villamil in the shape of a half moon, called Isla Tortuga
and a small rock to the north of it, called Roca Bura. If you approach
the island in the dark, shape a course to go between the two and ...
Anchor in front of Hotel Wittmer, to the right of the Port Captain
building off brown sand beach. Lots of rocky areas, but good holding in
course sand off this beach. SHE WOLF first tried to anchor closer to
Port Captain, but just volcanic rock bottom there. Dinghy Landing: ...
Puerto Baquerizo Moreno is the capital of the province of Galapagos. It is the main port, located on the southwertern tip of San Cristobal island. Entry Information: On approach, stay clear of the SE point. Come in
midway between the North point of land, which has a lighthouse ...