Sailing Guide

Visakhapatnam port (Andhra Pradesh-NE India)

Visakhapatnam port (Andhra Pradesh-NE India)

Characteristics

Description

Vishakhapatnam, a port of growing importance and the fourth largest port in India, lies at the mouth of the Meghadri River, close NW of Dolphin’s Nose.
Petroleum and iron ore products are the principal exports.

The only shipyard in India capable of building ocean-going merchant vessels is in operation within the harbor area. Ample berthing facilities are available to accommodate all classes of vessels.

The Port has three harbours viz., outer harbour, inner harbour and the fishing harbour.

Vishakhapatnam Fishing Harbor is separated from Outer Harbor by Groyne No. 2 which connects to East Breakwater and it is entered between N end of the East Breakwater and North Breakwaters. A light shows at the end of the North Breakwater. Several jetties  extend NE from Groyne No. 2 with a depth of 4.5m alongside the quayage.

Winds—Weather

Southwest winds prevail from March to August; NE winds prevail from October to December. During the day, the NE winds are fresh, but at night they are light and westerly. Heavy, windy, rain squalls occur during October and November, but most of the rainfall occurs from June through November.

A considerable swell is experienced almost all year in the vicinity of the port. Vessels have remained in the harbor with safety during cyclonic weather.

The climate is subtropical and varies from warm to hot, with high humidity throughout the year. Maximum temperatures occur in May, while minimum temperatures are usually recorded in December and January. Through May, June, and July, temperatures often exceed 38°C.

Tides—Currents

From about August to November, the current sets SW; from about the middle of December through June, it sets NE. Inside the 35m curve, the current is much weaker than farther offshore. Close offshore tidal currents will sometimes be experienced.

Depths—Limitations

In the seaward approach to the harbor, a depth of 18.2m exists about 0.4 mile E of the head of South Breakwater.

The outer entrance channel between the outer breakwaters is 183m wide and maintained to a depth of 19m prior to the entrance and to a depth of 18m beginning just inside the breakwaters, as best seen on the chart. In 2007, it was reported that vessels up to 225m long, with a maximum beam of 32.5m and a maximum draft of 9.25m could be accommodated in the Inner Harbor and only daytime navigation was allowed.

The ore berth, in the outer harbor, is dredged to a depth of 17.5m on its NE side and 17.5m on its SE side, and can accommodate two bulk carriers of 150,000 dwt. It has been reported that draft on the SW side of the ore berth was restricted to 15.3m. The entrance to the inner harbor isn dredged to 18m.

A general cargo berth, 270m long, with a dredged depth of 15.2m alongside, can accommodate vessels up to 232m long and 14.5m draft, and is located SW of the ore berth; facilities at the berth include a conveyor system for the importation of coking coal. It has been reported (1996) that during the Northeast Monsoon, the berth may be subject to considerable swell and vessels may have to be moved.

A container berth located NE of the ore berths has a dredged depth of 11.0m alongside. The terminal is 449m long and can accommodate vessels with a maximum draft of 14.9m.

A turning circle, maintained to a depth of 19m, lies between the ore berth and the inner end of the outer entrance channel.

The entrance channel to the inner harbor is dredged to a depth of 10.7m.

A turning basin, dredged to 11.6m, lies at the N end of the entrance channel to the inner harbor. The three basins which project from the turning basin are all dredged to 10.7m.

East Quay Berths lie on the E side of Northern Arm. Berth Q1 to Berth Q5, with a total berthing length of 905m and alongside depths of 10.0m, can accommodate vessels with a maximum draft of 10.06m. Berth Q6 and Berth Q7, with a total berthing length of 350m and alongside depths of 10.4m, can accommodate vessels with a maximum draft of 10.21m.

West Quay Berths lie on the W side of Northern Arm. Berth J1 (Berth Q1), with a berthing length of 160m and an alongside depth of 9.5m, can accommodate vessels with a maximum draft of 10.06m. Berth Q2 and Berth Q3, with a berthing length of 428m and an alongside depth of 10.7m, can accommodate vessels with a maximum draft of 10.06m. Berth Q4 and Berth Q5, with a berthing length of 440m and an alongside depth of 10.7m, can accommodate vessels with a maximum draft of 10.21m.

East Quay No. 8, a new multi-purpose berth, can accommodate vessels up to 180m long, with a beam of 32m and a draft of 10m on a rising tide. Further details can be obtained from the port authority.

There is a shipbuilding yard SW of the inner harbor turning basin; a fitting-out wharf lies on the S side of the W arm.

On the N side of Western Arm are two oil berths, with a total berthing length of 365m and alongside depths of 9.8m, which are connected by pipeline to the oil refinery and can accommodate vessels with a maximum draft of 10.06m at Berth 1 and 9.75m at Berth 2. A fertilizer wharf close W of the oil berths, with a length of 167m an alongside depth of 10.7m, can accommodate vessels with a maximum length to 168m and maximum draft of 10.06m. Vessels whose length exceeds 171m or whose draft exceeds 9.1m, may only enter the harbor at HW between the hours of 0600 and 1800. Smaller vessels may enter at any time.

The mooring berths, which lie adjacent to the turning basin, have depths of 10.7m alongside the buoys. T.T. Up Jetty (M1 Berth), between the mooring buoys, lies close E of the turning basin. It is 213m long and can accommodate a maximum draft of 10.06m 6.28 A berth for discharging oil, with an alongside depth of 19m, is located close NW of South Breakwater. Tankers of 260m length and 14.3m draft can be accepted. A submarine oil pipeline is laid from the berth, W to a trestle bridge, and then leads to the coast.

A new offshore oil berth has been added to accommodate tankers up to 150,000 dwt, 280m in length, and with a draft of 17m.

Pilotage

Pilotage is compulsory for power-driven and ocean-going vessels over 100 grt who wish to enter, depart, or shift berth within the harbor area. Pilots board 1.3 miles SE of South Breakwater Light.

Regulations

Vessels should send their ETA 48 hours and 24 hours in advance. Vessels planning to enter the harbor on the same day of arrival should arrive off the entrance prior to 2100.

Local port regulations:

1. Only one vessel may enter or leave the harbor at a time.
2. Tugs are maintained to assist vessels, as necessary, in entering the harbor or shifting berths.
3. A pilot is required to be on board a vessel whenever a tug is employed.
4. Sailing vessels of 100 grt or greater shall not enter or leave the harbor unless towed by one or more tugs.
5. No ballast may be thrown or discharged overboard within the harbor limits.

Signals

Signal Station No. 1, with a flagstaff 26m high, lies midway on the East Breakwater about 1 mile E of Ross Hill.

Signal Station No. 2 (Dufferin Signal Station), with a flagstaff, lies on the W side of Ross Hill, close E of another flagstaff, 68m high.

Sand Hill Signal Station lies about 1.8 miles NNE of the Dolphin’s Nose Light.

These stations communicate visually with vessels approaching or departing the harbor.

The following signals are displayed for the use of entering and departing vessels:

These stations communicate visually with vessels approaching or departing the harbor.

The following signals are displayed for the use of entering and departing vessels:
1. Signal Station No. 1, upon sighting a vessel approaching the port, displays the International Code Flag P until the pilot answers by the entering signal
2. Vessels entering the harbor must display International Code Pennant 4 and enter only after Signal Station No. 1 has repeated the signal hoist. A green metal pennant with a white circle hoisted at Signal Station No. 1 and Signal Station No. 2 indicates the channel is clear for shipping.
3. A vessel waiting to enter the harbor should, if International Code Pennant 1 is displayed at Signal Station No.1, keep well clear of the entrance to allow the departing vessel plenty of room.
4. Vessels about to leave should display International
Code Pennant 1 and proceed only after Signal Station No. 2 has repeated the signal hoist.
5. A vessel entering or departing at night and requiring a pilot displays a white light over a red light where it can best be seen by the signal stations.

Storm and weather signals are displayed; the General System is used.

Contact Information

The port can be contacted, as follows:
1. Call sign: Vizag Port or Vizag Control
2. VHF: channels 12 and 16
3. Tel: 91-891-2564841
4. Fax: 91-891-2565023
5.Mail: info@vizagport.com

Anchorage

Vessels awaiting to enter the harbor should anchor, in a depth of 22m, about 1.5 miles E of Dolphin’s Nose Light.

Because of the currents and shoaling on the N side of the entrance channel, vessels should not approach inshore of the anchorage without a pilot.

Vessels anchoring in the roadstead must leave sufficient room for vessels entering or departing. Anchors should be buoyed.

Anchorage is prohibited in an area at the inner end of the entrance channel, as shown on the chart.

An Examination Anchorage Area is enclosed by a line as shown on the chart.

Anchorages for petroleum tankers are situated 1.5 and 3 miles SE of Dolphin’s Nose Light. A gas and explosives anchorage lies 3.5 miles SSE of the light.

It has been reported (1996) that during the Northeast Monsoon, vessels at anchor lie to the current, bow NE, regardless of wind and swell.

Directions

Vessels approaching the harbor should pass through a position about 7 miles bearing 135° from Sand Hill Light, then steer 315° until a depth of 18.3m is sounded.
Course should then be altered to bring the lighted entrance beacons in line bearing 280°, which lead through the entrance channel between the breakwater heads and into the harbor. The alignment of the various channel reaches leading into the inner harbor are well defined by lighted range beacons.

The coast between Vishakhapatnam and Bhimunipatnam, about 16 miles NNE, continues hilly.

Caution.—There have been a number of pirate attacks on merchant vessels in this area. Mariners are advised to keep a sharp lookout, especially at night, for pirates attempting to board their vessel.

5/04/2012
Update
Jojo
Visakhapatnam port (Andhra Pradesh-NE India)
5/04/2012
Update
Jojo
Visakhapatnam port (Andhra Pradesh-NE India)
17/03/2012
Update
Max
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Localisation

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Sites around Visakhapatnam port (Andhra Pradesh-NE India)
Flying distances - Direct line

Dolphin's Nose (Andhra Pradesh-NE India)

1nm
232°
Dolphin’s Nose, a bluff headland 163m high, is conspicuous when viewed from the NE or SW. A lighthouse with a racon, two radio masts, and a flagstaff stand on Dolphin’s Nose.Dolphin’s Nose has been reported to be a good radar target up to 17 miles.Caution: A wreck lies about ...
5 Apr 12

Kakinda

2.6nm
293°
1 Jan 70

Vizag military harbour (Andhra Pradesh-NE India)

2.6nm
293°
The city was so important during times of war that the Indian government decided to set up the Eastern Naval Command, overlooking the more populous Chennai and Kolkata, and developed Visakhapatnam during that period. 
The establishment of the E.N.C. soon after the construction ...
9 Apr 12

Pigeon Island Gangavaram (Andhra Pradesh-NE India)

4.6nm
226°
Pigeon Islet, 21m high and rocky, lies in a small bay 5 miles NE of Kutu Konda.
5 Apr 12

Gangavaram port (Andhra Pradesh-NE India)

5.2nm
225°
Gangavaram Port is located at Visakhapatnam, the industrial nerve center of Andhra Pradesh. The coast here forms a bay between Yarada Hill at north and Mukkoma Hill at south. A creek in between these two hills forms Balacheruvu Lagoon, where the natural port of Gangavaram has ...
5 Apr 12

Bhimunipatnam (Andhra Pradesh-NE India)

14nm
33°
Bhimunipatnam lies on the S side of the mouth of the large and shallow Gostani River. Vessels anchor in the open roadstead off the town to work cargo.
The town is built on the E slopes of a hill, 166m high, which is topped by some trees and a pyramidal obelisk. A white temple lies ...
12 Apr 12

Pudimadaka lighthouse (Andhra Pradesh-NE India)

21nm
235°
Pudimadaka Village lies on the shore of a bight about 4 miles NE of Rambilli Beacon. A red stone temple, with three towers, lies in the village.The light was commissioned on 21st January 1971 and renovated in 1991. The lighthouse was on a masonry tower of 26 meters height. It has ...
5 Apr 12

Konada (Andhra Pradesh-NE India)

24nm
37°
Konada lies at the mouth of a small river. Several white buildings and some trees lie on the N side of the river.The coast between Konada and Kalingapatam, about 37 miles ENE, consists of a sandy beach backed by low sandhills.
14 Apr 12

Santhapalli rocks (Andhra Pradesh-NE India)

30nm
51°
Santapelli rocks, with a least depth of 1.5m and dangerous wrecks close E, lie between 5.5 and 6 miles SE of Santapilli Light. The sea breaks heavily over these dangers with a moderate swell, but not in good weather.
The channel between these rocks and the mainland is safe only ...
15 Apr 12

Hope Island (Andhra Pradesh-E India)

70nm
230°
Hope Island (16 km long sand spit from the sand carried by the waters of Godavari delta), one of a chain of similar islands which form part of the delta of the Godavari River, is low, swampy, and covered with jungle.
The area between Kakinada coast and Hope Island is known as Kakinada ...
28 Mar 12

Agra Rock (Andhra Pradesh-NE India)

37nm
45°
Agra Rock, with a least depth of 5.5m, lies about 3.5 miles E of Ramachandrapur. The sea seldom breaks over this danger.
15 Apr 12

Sandy Point (Andhra Pradesh-NE India)

60nm
51°
Sandy Point lies about 3.5 mile E of Nanwell Point. 
An obstruction, with a least depth of 7.3m, was reported to lie about 1.5 miles NNE of Sandy Point.
15 Apr 12
Local Area

East Coast of India

India, or the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south and the Bay of Bengal on the south-east, it shares land borders with China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north-east; and Burma and Bangladesh to the east.
In the Indian Ocean, India ...
20 Mar 12

Bay of Bengal

The Bay of Bengal (largest bay in the world,) forms the northeastern part of the Indian Ocean. It is bordered mostly by the Eastern Coast of India, southern coast of Bangladesh and Sri Lanka to the west and Burma (Myanmar) and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands (part of India) to the ...
20 Nov 11

Indian Ocean

The Indian Ocean is the third largest of the world's oceanic divisions, covering about 20% of the Earth's water surface. It is bounded on the north by Asia (including the Indian subcontinent, after which it is named); on the west by Africa; on the east by Indochina, the Sunda Islands, ...
6 Apr 12

Kakinada (Cocanada) bay (Andhra Pradesh-E India)

Cocanada Bay (Kakinada Bay), a shallow body of water filled with extensive drying mud flats at its head, is entered between Godavari Point and the coast about 2.8 miles WNW.
For many years the bay has been silting up because of the discharge from the Godavari River, about 8 miles ...
4 Apr 12

Paluru to Chilka mouth (Orissa-NE India)

A low beach of sand hills extends 32 miles NE from Paluru Bluff to Chilka Mouth, the entrance of Chilka Lake. There are few landmarks found along this part of the coast.
Mita Kua Bungalow, a small white house on a sand hill close to the coast about 20 miles ENE of Paluru Bluff, ...
19 Apr 12

False Bay (Orissa-NE India)

False Bay lies between Nurrea Banga Nassi and Maipura Point, about 20 miles NE, at the entrance of the Maipura River.
Depths in the bay decrease gradually toward the shore over a bottom of olive-green mud, in the S part, to a bottom of sand and mud, in the N part.
The shore ...
24 Apr 12
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