Sailing Guide

Coromandel coast (E India)

Coromandel coast (E India)

Characteristics

Description

The Coromandel Coast is the name given to the southeastern coast of the Indian Subcontinent between Cape Comorin and False Divi Point.

It may also include the southeastern coast of the island of Sri Lanka.

The coast is generally low, and punctuated by the deltas of several large rivers, including the Kaveri (Cauvery), Palar, Penner, and Krishna, which rise in the highlands of the Western Ghats and flow across the Deccan Plateau to drain into the Bay of Bengal.
The alluvial plains created by these rivers are fertile and favour agriculture. The coast is also known for its ports and harbours, Pulicat, Chennai (Madras), Sadras, Pondicherry, Karaikal, Cuddalore, Tranquebar, Nagore, and Nagapattinam, which take advantage of their close proximity with regions rich in natural and mineral resources (like the Chhattisgarh belt and the mines of Golconda and Kolar) and/or good transport infrastructure.

The Coromandel Coast falls in the rain shadow of the Western Ghats, and receives a good deal less rainfall during the summer southwest monsoon, which contributes heavily to rainfall in the rest of India. The region averages 800 mm/year, most of which falls between October and December. The topography of the Bay of Bengal, and the staggered weather pattern prevalent during the season favours northeast monsoon, which has a tendency to cause cyclones and hurricanes rather than a steady precipitation. As a result, the coast is hit by inclement weather almost every year between October to January. The high variability of rainfall patterns are also responsible for water scarcity and famine in most areas not served by the great rivers. For example, the city of Chennai is one of the driest cities in the country in terms of potable water availability, despite high percentage of moisture in the air, due to the unpredictable, seasonal nature of the monsoon.

The Coromandel Coast is home to the East Deccan dry evergreen forests ecoregion, which runs in a narrow strip along the coast. The Coromandel coast is also home to extensive mangrove forests along the low-lying coast and river deltas, and several important wetlands, notably Kaliveli Lake and Pulicat Lake, that provide habitat to thousands of migrating and resident birds.

23/03/2012
Update
Jojo
Coromandel coast (E India)
Coromandel coast (E India)
23/03/2012
Update
Jojo
Northern circar coast

24/09/2018
Update
9515571773
thelangana
24/07/2017
Update
india
28/08/2019
Update
Share your comments about "Coromandel coast (E India)"

Localisation

To precisely geolocate this site. Update if necessary.
Sites around Coromandel coast (E India)
Flying distances - Direct line

Gulf of Mannar (SE India)

The Gulf of Mannar lies between the SE coast of the Indian Peninsula and the W coast of Sri Lanka. Its S boundary lies between Cape Comorin, the S extremity of India, and Point de Galle, the SW point of Sri Lanka. The gulf is bounded N by Adam’s Bridge, a chain of islets and rocks ...
20 Mar 12

Palk Strait North side (E India)

The N shore of Palk Strait consists of the low-lying coast between Point Calimere and a low point, about 39 miles WSW, which projects from the coast close S of the entrance to the Vellar River.
Between Point Calimere and Atirampattinam, about 29 miles W, the coast consists of mud ...
23 Mar 12

Nizampatam Bay (Andhra Pradesh-E India)

Nizampatam Bay lies between Kottapatam and False Divi Point, about 41 miles ENE, and recedes about 14 miles to the N. Except for the shoals in the vicinity of Mutapolli Bank, the bay is free from dangers and its shores may be approached with safety to a depth of 9.1m.A backwater is ...
28 Mar 12

Pondicherry port (E India)

Pondicherry (Pondicherri), the capital and seat of government of the Union Territory of Pondicherry, lies about 13 miles N of Cuddalore. All cargo is handled by lighters at the anchorage off the town.Puducherry currently has a small shallow water port used for the import & export ...
25 Mar 12

Cuddalore port (Tamil Nadu-E India)

Cuddalore is a fast growing industrial city and headquarter of Cuddalore district in the Tamil Nadu state of southern India. Located 25 kilometres south of Pondicherry on the coast of Bay of Bengal, Cuddalore has a large number of industries which employ a great deal of the city's ...
25 Mar 12

Pondicherry lighthouse (E India)

Pondicherry Light, with a racon, is shown from a white tower with black bands. A ruined iron pier projects E about 0.2 mile from the shore, 1 mile NNE of the light.
The following landmarks are conspicuous from the offing:1. A red chimney, 56m high, about 1 mile WNW of the light.
2. ...
25 Mar 12

Cuddalore Lighthouse (Tamil Nadu-E India)

Cuddalore Light is exhibited from a white round concrete tower 0.2 mile W of the mouth of the Uppanar River.
A white flagstaff, 31m high and conspicuous, stands 0.6 mile NNE of the lighthouse.Cuddalore Light has been reported to be a good radar target up to 21 miles.A dangerous ...
25 Mar 12

Porto Novo Lighthouse (Tamil Nadu-E India)

The town of Porto Novo lies on the N bank of the Vellar River about 1 mile within the mouth. it's an isolated fishing hamlet.
A white flagstaff on the N bank of the river entrance and the two white boundary markers, one N and one S of the town, are conspicuous landmarks.
A light ...
25 Mar 12

Karaikal lighthouse (Tamil Nadu-E India)

Karaikal Light, a white circular concrete tower, 18m in height, stands on the N bank of the Arasalar River.
25 Mar 12

Karaikal Port (Tamil Nadu-E India)

Karaikal Port is a coastal lagoon type harbor located about about 200 miles S of Chennai (Madras) and about 9 miles S of the inland city of Karaikal.
The port is privately operated by Karaikal Port Private Limited (KPPL) and is located between the Pravadayanar River and the Vettar ...
25 Mar 12

Nagapattinam port (Tamil Nadu-E India)

Nagapattinam (Negapatam), the principal port of the Thanjavur District, lies at the mouth of the Uppanar River.Vessels anchor in the roadstead off the port to work cargo.All cargo is handled at the anchorage by lighters. About 114 ofthese lighters are available, each with a capacity ...
23 Mar 12

Mahabalipuram lighthouse (E India)

Mahabalipuram is about 35 km from Chennai. Mahabalipuram also known as Mamallapuram was an important port built by Pallavas during the Seventh Century for the maritime trade with the countries of South East Asia and Mediterranean.In the ancient times the log fire on one of the high ...
26 Mar 12

Calimere Point (E India)

Point Calimere is the southernmost extremity of the Coromandel Coast and the NW entrance point of Palk Strait.
The following conspicuous objects lie in the vicinity of the point:
1. Point Calimere Light, that is shown from a concrete tower, 18.2m high, close within the point; ...
23 Mar 12

Chennai lighthouse (E India)

The Madras Light House is a lighthouse facing the Bay of Bengal. It is a famous landmark on the Marina Beach in Chennai. The lighthouse was opened in January 1977. It is one of the few lighthouses in the world and the only one in India with an elevator.
The currents N of Chennai ...
26 Mar 12

Tondi jetty (E India)

Tondi, is a small port for local coasting craft.
Two white masonry beacons, 4.5m high, mark the port limits.
A light stands about 4.5 miles NE of Tondi.Anchorage may obtained, in 6m, mud, about 5 miles ESE of Tondi, but this position is exposed to all but offshore winds.
Small ...
23 Mar 12

Chennai (Madras) port (E India)

Chennai Port,  formerly known as Madras Port, is the second largest port of India, behind the Mumbai Port, and the largest port in the Bay of Bengal and the principal harbor of Coromandel coast. It is an artificial and all-weather port with wet docks that front s the center ...
11 Jul 12

Kachchaitivu (Kachchtivu) island (Sri-Lanka)

Kachchaitivu (Kachchtivu), about 10 miles SW of Delft Island , is 12m high and overed with scrub. There is a well and a small shrine on the NE side of the island.Depths of less than 9.1m extend 1 mile SE of the island.
Depths of less than 5.5m extend about 2.5 mile NE from the ...
23 Mar 12

Ennore port (E India)

Ennore Port, about 24 km north of Chennai Port, is  the first port in India which is a public company.
Ennore Port lies on the northeastern corner of the state of Tamil Nadu on a flat coastal plain known as the Eastern Coastal Plains, on the Coromandel coast.Depths—LimitationsThe ...
26 Mar 12

Ennur shoal (E India)

Ennur Shoal, with depths of 0.9 to 8.5m, extends 2.5 miles NE from a position on the coast about 10.5 miles NNE of Chennai Harbor. The coast between Chennai and Ennur, about 9.5 miles NNE, is bordered by plantations of casuarina and palm trees.
26 Mar 12

Pamban port (Pamban Island-E India)

Pamban, administered by a conservator, lies close N of the W extremity of Pamban Island. Cargo is handled by lighters to and from the beach.South and SW winds prevail from April to October.
23 Mar 12

Pamban Pass (Tamil Nadu-E India)

Pamban Pass is the navigable channel, partly artificial, through the banks which occupy the space between the W end of Pamban Island and the mainland.
It is of great advantage to coastal craft trading between ports on the W coast of India and ports of the Bay of Bengal.
A rocky ...
23 Mar 12

Ramen Point ( Tamil Nadu-E India)

Ramen Point is the E extremity of a narrow tongue of land projecting E from the coast.
A  temple in ruins lies about 183m W of the point; a coconut plantation lies about 183m farther W.
The coast from Ramen Point to Devipattanam, about 21 miles NW, is generally low and ...
23 Mar 12

Pamban light (Pamban island-E India)

Pamban Light is shown from a conspicuous white tower on a sandhill on the NW point of Pamban Island. NE Beacon, 5.5m high and white, lies close N of the light.
Kanthe Thuki Reef, composed of partly drying coral heads, lies between 0.3 and 0.5 mile W of Pamban Island Light.
A ...
23 Mar 12

Pulicat Shoals (E India)

Pulicat Shoals, a chain of hard, sandy patches with depths ranging from 4.3 to 9.1m, extends about 7.5 miles NNE from the N end of Ennur Shoal.
Several detached patches, with depths of 8.2 to 11m, lie within 3.8 miles N and NNW of the N end of Pulicat Shoals.
These shoals were ...
26 Mar 12
Local Area

East Coast of India

India, or the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south and the Bay of Bengal on the south-east, it shares land borders with China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north-east; and Burma and Bangladesh to the east.
In the Indian Ocean, India ...
20 Mar 12

Bay of Bengal

The Bay of Bengal (largest bay in the world,) forms the northeastern part of the Indian Ocean. It is bordered mostly by the Eastern Coast of India, southern coast of Bangladesh and Sri Lanka to the west and Burma (Myanmar) and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands (part of India) to the ...
20 Nov 11

Indian Ocean

The Indian Ocean is the third largest of the world's oceanic divisions, covering about 20% of the Earth's water surface. It is bounded on the north by Asia (including the Indian subcontinent, after which it is named); on the west by Africa; on the east by Indochina, the Sunda Islands, ...
6 Apr 12

Kachchaitivu (Kachchtivu) island (Sri-Lanka)

Kachchaitivu (Kachchtivu), about 10 miles SW of Delft Island , is 12m high and overed with scrub. There is a well and a small shrine on the NE side of the island.Depths of less than 9.1m extend 1 mile SE of the island.
Depths of less than 5.5m extend about 2.5 mile NE from the ...
23 Mar 12

Kakinada (Cocanada) bay (Andhra Pradesh-E India)

Cocanada Bay (Kakinada Bay), a shallow body of water filled with extensive drying mud flats at its head, is entered between Godavari Point and the coast about 2.8 miles WNW.
For many years the bay has been silting up because of the discharge from the Godavari River, about 8 miles ...
4 Apr 12

Paluru to Chilka mouth (Orissa-NE India)

A low beach of sand hills extends 32 miles NE from Paluru Bluff to Chilka Mouth, the entrance of Chilka Lake. There are few landmarks found along this part of the coast.
Mita Kua Bungalow, a small white house on a sand hill close to the coast about 20 miles ENE of Paluru Bluff, ...
19 Apr 12
During your navigation, remember to update the data. If a harbor, marina or anchorage is missing, create it. Thank you for all boaters.