Sailing Guide

Bay of Bengal

Bay of Bengal



The Bay of Bengal (largest bay in the world,) forms the northeastern part of the Indian Ocean. It is bordered mostly by the Eastern Coast of India, southern coast of Bangladesh and Sri Lanka to the west and Burma (Myanmar) and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands (part of India) to the east.

On the East, a line running from Cape Negrais in Burma through the larger islands of the Andaman group, in such a way that all the narrow waters between the islands lie to the Eastward of the line and are excluded from the Bay of Bengal, as far as a point in Little Andaman Island and thence along the Southwest limit of the Burma Sea [A line running from Oedjong Raja in Sumatra to Poeloe Bras (Breuëh) and on through the Western Islands of the Nicobar Group to Sandy Point in Little Andaman Island, in such a way that all the narrow waters appertain to the Burma Sea].

On the South. Adam's Bridge (between India and Ceylon [Sri Lanka]) and from the Southern extreme of Dondra Head (South point of Ceylon) to the North point of Poeloe Bras.

The islands in the bay are very numerous, including the Andaman, Nicobar and Mergui groups. The group of islands, Cheduba and others, in the north-east, off the Burmese coast, are remarkable for a chain of mud volcanoes, which are occasionally active. Great Andaman is the main archipelago or island group of the Andaman Islands, whereas Ritchie's Archipelago consists of smaller islands. Only 37 of the 572 islands and islets of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands are inhabited, or 6.5%.

Major Bangladesh ports on the bay include Chittagong and Mongla. Major Indian ports on the bay include Krishnapatnam, Chennai (formerly Madras), Vishakhapatnam, Kolkata (formerly Calcutta), and Pondicherry. Yangon, the largest city and former capital of Myanmar is also an important port in the bay.Kokalta and Chennai are the biggest ports in the world.


The monsoon currents regulate the climate of the Bay of Bengal and the regions around it.
During the months of January to October, the current flows towards the north in a clockwise circulation pattern and is called the East Indian Current.
The Bay of Bengal monsoon moves in a northwest direction hitting the Andaman and Nicobar Islands at the end of May and then the North Eastern Coast of India by the end of June.
Throughout the remaining part of the year, a counter-clockwise current flows towards the southwest direction, and is called the East Indian Winter Jet.
During the months of September and December the weather is very active. The monsoon season often brings in severe cyclones, which affect Eastern India as well as parts of other countries. The 1971 Orissa cyclone is one of the worst.

Bay of Bengal
Bay of Bengal
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Sites around Bay of Bengal
Flying distances - Direct line

East Coast of India

India, or the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south and the Bay of Bengal on the south-east, it shares land borders with China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north-east; and Burma and Bangladesh to the east.
In the Indian Ocean, India ...
20 Mar 12

Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka  is an island country with maritime borders with India to the northwest and the Maldives to the southwest.
7 Jul 16

Palk Bay (E India)

Palk Bay, the continuation S of Palk Strait, is bounded on the E by the coast of Sri Lanka, on the S by Mannar Island, Adam’s Bridge, and Pamban Island, and on the W by the coast of India.The bay has general depths of 11 to 12.8m, but on its E side depths of 9.1m and less extend ...
23 Mar 12

Paradip port (Orissa-NE India)

Paradip lies on the coast about 6.5 miles ENE of the entrance of the Jatadharmhan River.
The port handles containers, general cargo, dry bulk cargo, and liquid bulk cargo.Depth—Limitations The port is approached through a channel with dredged depth of 12.8m. Vessels with a draft ...
21 Apr 12

False point (Orissa-NE India)

About 2.5 miles NNE of the Lion’s Rump, False Point lies between the two entrances of the Mahanadi River and has been reported to be a good radar target up to 17 miles.
The lighthouse on the point is shown from a white round masonry tower with red bands; the lighthouse is difficult ...
21 Apr 12

Hope Island (Andhra Pradesh-E India)

Hope Island (16 km long sand spit from the sand carried by the waters of Godavari delta), one of a chain of similar islands which form part of the delta of the Godavari River, is low, swampy, and covered with jungle.
The area between Kakinada coast and Hope Island is known as Kakinada ...
28 Mar 12

Devi point (Orissa-NE India)

Devi point is nearer  to the shakkar lake and it is at 1.5km. from Chikhaldara Busstation.
There are few steps leading to this point on the hill top, from where tourists can view the originating point of the Chandrabhaga River. Travellers can also see the ruins of the Amravati ...
21 Apr 12

Puri port (Orissa-NE India)

Puri port is an open roadstead harbor and lies on a low sandy ridge on the coast where large buildings stretch about 3 miles fronting the sea.
Harbor entrance is restricted due to tide.Puri Light is shown from a white pedestal on the wall of a two story building.
Storm signals ...
19 Apr 12

Puri lighthouse (Orissa-NE India)

Puri is known internationally for Lord Jagannath temple and the annual Rath yatra. Puri is the Rail terminus providing direct trains to all major cities. The lighthouse is situated about 8 km west of Railway station.
It is a 25 m high circular tower with black and white bands, ...
19 Apr 12

Kanika sand (Orissa-NE India)

Kanika Sand, an extensive drying mud and sand flat, lies on the N side of the entrance channel about 0.8 to 5.5 miles W of Shortt Island. This flat has been reported extending to the SE.

The outer bar, which has a least depth of 1.5m, lies about 1.3 miles NNW of the middle ...
24 Apr 12

Krishnapatnam port (Andra Pradesh-E India)

Krishnapatnam or Kistnapatam is a port town in Muthukur mandal of Nellore district in Andhra Pradesh.Krishnapatnam is a major port and market center. It is situated at a distance of 24 km from Nellore City in Nellore District, the southernmost coastal district in the state of ...
28 Mar 12

Shallinger Shoal (Andra Pradesh-E India)

Shallinger Shoal, a spit with depths of 3.2 to 4.6m, extends about 2.5 miles NE from the coast, 7.5 miles N of the mouth of the Upputeru River. A detached 5.5m patch lies 1.5 miles S of the NE extremity of Shallinger Shoal.
28 Mar 12

Armagon light (Andra Pradesh-E India)

Armagon Light is shown from a white round concrete tower with red bands, about 30m high, lying near the coast 7 miles NNW of Point Pudi.
28 Mar 12

Satara Reef (Andhra Pradesh-NE India)

Satara Reef, which extends about 0.8 mile NE from Sandy Point, has general depths of 9.1m and a least depth of 6.4m at its outer end. The reef is steep-to on its N and E sides.
14 Apr 12

Armagon shoal (E India)

Armagon Shoal, with depths ranging from 3 to 9.1m, extends about 15 miles N from a position 1.5 miles NE of Point Pudi.
A narrow, detached shoal, about 2.5 miles long, with depths of 10 to 11m, lies close N of the N end of Armagon Shoal. The sea sometimes breaks over the shallowest ...
26 Mar 12

Sandy Point (Andhra Pradesh-NE India)

Sandy Point lies about 3.5 mile E of Nanwell Point. 
An obstruction, with a least depth of 7.3m, was reported to lie about 1.5 miles NNE of Sandy Point.
15 Apr 12

Kalingapatnam lighthouse (Andra Pradesh-NE India)

Kalingapatnam lies close S of the mouth of the Vamsadhara River and about 1.5 miles NNW of Sandy Point. There are no berthing facilities.Kalingapatnam is known in the history as the Capital of Gang Dynasty who ruled the region, spread over the entire coastal belt from Godavari to ...
15 Apr 12

Sacramento Shoal (Andhra Pradesh-E India)

Sacramento Shoal, hard shifting sand, lies off the entrance to the Guatami Godavari and extends about 4 miles SE and 3.5 miles E from Sacramento Light.
Depths over this breaking shoal range from 2.7 to 5.5m. This shoal is subject to frequent changes in position and depth.TidesThe ...
11 Jul 12

Point Pudi (Andhra Pradesh-E India)

Point Pudi, a low sandy point, is marked by clumps of palm trees. Armagon Shoal extends N from Point Pudi.
28 Mar 12

Investigator Rock (Andhra Pradeh-NE India)

Investigator Rock, with a least depth of 2.3m, lies about 8.5 miles NE of Baruva South Beacon. The water over the rock is not discolored and it is not marked by breakers. A shoal area, with a least depth of 9.3m, lies 2 miles SSW of Investigator Rock.
18 Apr 12

Santhapalli rocks (Andhra Pradesh-NE India)

Santapelli rocks, with a least depth of 1.5m and dangerous wrecks close E, lie between 5.5 and 6 miles SE of Santapilli Light. The sea breaks heavily over these dangers with a moderate swell, but not in good weather.
The channel between these rocks and the mainland is safe only ...
15 Apr 12

Gopalpur port (Orissa-NE India)

Gopalpur is a town near Berhampur, on the shore of the Bay of Bengal. It has an ancient commercial port, now lying in ruins.
Gopalpur-on-Sea is a famous sea beach and tourist attraction. This languorous beach with coconut groves, casuarinas and gentle sand dunes is deserted for ...
18 Apr 12

Agra Rock (Andhra Pradesh-NE India)

Agra Rock, with a least depth of 5.5m, lies about 3.5 miles E of Ramachandrapur. The sea seldom breaks over this danger.
15 Apr 12

Palmyras Point (Orissa-NE India)

Palmyras Point, about 6 miles W of Shortt Island, is the N extremity of the low land which lies between the Maipura River and the Dhamra River. The point is difficult to distinguish because of the dense jungle growth which covers it. The low land on the N side of the Dhamra River ...
24 Apr 12
Local Area

Indian Ocean

The Indian Ocean is the third largest of the world's oceanic divisions, covering about 20% of the Earth's water surface. It is bounded on the north by Asia (including the Indian subcontinent, after which it is named); on the west by Africa; on the east by Indochina, the Sunda Islands, ...
6 Apr 12

Andaman sea

The Andaman Sea (or Burma sea in Thai)  is a body of water to the southeast of the Bay of Bengal, south of Myanmar, west of Thailand and east of the Andaman Islands; it is a part of Indian Ocean.The sea has been traditionally used for fishery and transportation of goods between ...
21 Nov 11


The Republic of Maldives is a SW Asian country. The population of the Islamic Republic is about 300 000 inhabitants. The capital is Male. The language "Devehi" comes in part from an ancient form of Sri Lancans mixed with Hindi, Arabic and English. English is the ...
16 Nov 11

Arabian Sea

Arabian Sea
The Arabian Sea is a northwestern extension of the Indian Ocean, positioned between India, Oman, Pakistan and Yemen, and Cape Guardafui in far northeastern Somalia. The sea connects with the Persian Gulf through the Gulf of Oman and the Strait of Hormuz. In the southwest, ...
23 Dec 07

Sumatra (Indonesia)

Sumatra (Indonesian: Sumatera) is an island in western Indonesia, westernmost of the Sunda Islands.
The longest axis of the island runs approximately 1,790 km (1,110 mi) northwest-southeast, crossing the equator near the centre. At its widest point the island spans ...
7 Jan 12


Large commercial vessels waiting in front of Singapore.
5 Nov 14
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