Sailing Guide

Valinokkam Point (E India)

Valinokkam Point (E India)

Characteristics

Description

Caution.—Vessels, other than small coasting vessels, should not approach the coast between Tuticorin and Valinokkam Point, about 37 miles NE, closer than 6 or 7 miles due to the many off-lying shoals.

The coast between Valinokkam Point and Ramen Point, about 32 miles ENE, is fronted by a chain of islands and shoals extending up to 6 miles offshore. Depths outside this chain of islands and shoals are regular, but in places overfalls occur.

An anchorage is located 2.5 miles NE of Valinokkam Point. A dangerous rock lies about 1 mile WSW of the anchorage.

Large vessels should not navigate in depths less than 22m off this stretch of coast as the area is imperfectly surveyed and several relatively shoal patches are charted. They should not sight any of the islands of which the chain is composed.

Kilakkarai Passage, the shallow passage between the chain and the coast, can only be used by small vessels; local knowledge is necessary due to the numerous shoals, with depths of less than 1.8m, and the narrow, undefined channels between them. The passage affords a smooth passage for small coastal vessels for half the distance between Tuticorin and Pamban.

Valinokkam Point is marked by a beacon, 6m high. A submerged rock is marked by a beacon about 1.5 miles NE. These beacons are useful marks for vessels making the W entrance of Kilakarrai Passage, between Valinokkam Point and Anaipar Tivu (Anapipar Tivu), about 2 miles E.

The passage then leads S of a submerged rock, marked by a beacon, about 4 miles ENE of Valinokkam Point, and then to the anchorage off Kilakarrai. A light is shown from a white hexagonal concrete tower with red bands, 30m high, at Kilakkarai.

20/03/2012
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Localisation

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Sites around Valinokkam Point (E India)
Flying distances - Direct line

Kariya Shuli and Vilangu Shuli islets (Pattanamarudur-E India)

26nm
241°
The town of Pattanamarudur, with some large trees visible up to 10 miles offshore, lies at thehead of this bight, about 7 miles N of Tuticorin.
The bight is filled by a flat, with depths of less than 5.5m, extending up to about 4.5 miles offshore. Kariya Shuli and Vilangu Shuli, ...
20 Mar 12

Ramen Point ( Tamil Nadu-E India)

32nm
77°
Ramen Point is the E extremity of a narrow tongue of land projecting E from the coast.
A  temple in ruins lies about 183m W of the point; a coconut plantation lies about 183m farther W.
The coast from Ramen Point to Devipattanam, about 21 miles NW, is generally low and ...
23 Mar 12

Pamban Pass (Tamil Nadu-E India)

33nm
77°
Pamban Pass is the navigable channel, partly artificial, through the banks which occupy the space between the W end of Pamban Island and the mainland.
It is of great advantage to coastal craft trading between ports on the W coast of India and ports of the Bay of Bengal.
A rocky ...
23 Mar 12

Pamban port (Pamban Island-E India)

33nm
77°
Pamban, administered by a conservator, lies close N of the W extremity of Pamban Island. Cargo is handled by lighters to and from the beach.South and SW winds prevail from April to October.
23 Mar 12

Dhanushkodi (Pamban island-E India)

45nm
88°
Dhanushkodi, about 2 miles NW of Lands End, is connected to the railway system of India.A pier, for use by vessels of the ferry service between Dhanushkodi and Talaimannar, extends from the NE coast of Pamban Island abreast the town. The pier is 219m long, with depths of 3.4m on each ...
23 Mar 12

Lands End (Pamban island-E India)

47nm
90°
Lands End is the SE extremity of Pamban Island; a small but conspicuous building lies near the point.
Dhanushkodi, about 2 miles NW of Lands End, is a railroad terminal; the red-roofed railway buildings are conspicuous.
22 Mar 12

Chidambaranar (Tuticorin) Port (E India)

35nm
225°
Tuticorin (Tuttukuddi) is the largest commercial town on the W side of the Gulf of Mannar.Chidambaranar Port is an artificial deep-sea harbour formed with rubble mound type parallel breakwaters projecting into the sea for about 4 km. (Length of North breakwater is 4098.66 m, length ...
20 Mar 12

Pamban light (Pamban island-E India)

41nm
76°
Pamban Light is shown from a conspicuous white tower on a sandhill on the NW point of Pamban Island. NE Beacon, 5.5m high and white, lies close N of the light.
Kanthe Thuki Reef, composed of partly drying coral heads, lies between 0.3 and 0.5 mile W of Pamban Island Light.
A ...
23 Mar 12

Tuticorin

36nm
233°
Port protected by a breakwater.
27 Mar 12

Kachchaitivu (Kachchtivu) island (Sri-Lanka)

53nm
75°
Kachchaitivu (Kachchtivu), about 10 miles SW of Delft Island , is 12m high and overed with scrub. There is a well and a small shrine on the NE side of the island.Depths of less than 9.1m extend 1 mile SE of the island.
Depths of less than 5.5m extend about 2.5 mile NE from the ...
23 Mar 12

Tondi jetty (E India)

40nm
32°
Tondi, is a small port for local coasting craft.
Two white masonry beacons, 4.5m high, mark the port limits.
A light stands about 4.5 miles NE of Tondi.Anchorage may obtained, in 6m, mud, about 5 miles ESE of Tondi, but this position is exposed to all but offshore winds.
Small ...
23 Mar 12

Punnaikkayal (E India)

43nm
222°
Punnaikkayal, about 1 mile inland, can be identified by the ruins of a church and by a group of palmyra trees on the beach.
A 4.6m patch lies about 3 miles E of the village.Anchorage in 7.3m, can be found off Punnaikkayal, about 1.5 miles offshore, with the clump of trees bearing ...
20 Mar 12
Local Area

Gulf of Mannar (SE India)

The Gulf of Mannar lies between the SE coast of the Indian Peninsula and the W coast of Sri Lanka. Its S boundary lies between Cape Comorin, the S extremity of India, and Point de Galle, the SW point of Sri Lanka. The gulf is bounded N by Adam’s Bridge, a chain of islets and rocks ...
20 Mar 12

Coromandel coast (E India)

The Coromandel Coast is the name given to the southeastern coast of the Indian Subcontinent between Cape Comorin and False Divi Point.
It may also include the southeastern coast of the island of Sri Lanka.
The coast is generally low, and punctuated by the deltas of several large ...
23 Mar 12

East Coast of India

India, or the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south and the Bay of Bengal on the south-east, it shares land borders with China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north-east; and Burma and Bangladesh to the east.
In the Indian Ocean, India ...
20 Mar 12

Bay of Bengal

The Bay of Bengal (largest bay in the world,) forms the northeastern part of the Indian Ocean. It is bordered mostly by the Eastern Coast of India, southern coast of Bangladesh and Sri Lanka to the west and Burma (Myanmar) and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands (part of India) to the ...
20 Nov 11

Indian Ocean

The Indian Ocean is the third largest of the world's oceanic divisions, covering about 20% of the Earth's water surface. It is bounded on the north by Asia (including the Indian subcontinent, after which it is named); on the west by Africa; on the east by Indochina, the Sunda Islands, ...
6 Apr 12

Approaches Pamban Pass (E India)

Mansfield Patch, with a least depth of 5.8m, about 7 miles SE of Kundagal Point, is the N and shallowest of a group of detached patches.
Batt Patch, with a least depth of 4.9m, lies about 2.8 miles WNW of Mansfield Patch; the sea breaks on Batt Patch in a fresh breeze. Manauli ...
20 Mar 12
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