Sailing Guide

The Keys ( Florida)

The Keys ( Florida)



The Florida Keys are a chain-like cluster of about 1700 islands in the southeast United States. They begin at the southeastern tip of the Florida peninsula, about 15 miles (24 km) south of Miami, and extend in a gentle arc south-southwest and then westward to Key West, the westernmost of the inhabited islands, and on to the uninhabited Dry Tortugas.
The islands lie along the Florida Straits, dividing the Atlantic Ocean to the east from the Gulf of Mexico to the west, and defining one edge of Florida Bay.
At the nearest point, the southern tip of Key West is just 94 miles (151 km) from Cuba.

The Keys were long accessible only by water. This changed with the completion of Henry Flagler's Overseas Railway in the early 1910s. Flagler, a major developer of Florida's Atlantic coast, extended his Florida East Coast Railway down to Key West with an ambitious series of over-sea railroad trestles.

The Florida Keys and Florida Reefs are of sand, shell, and coral formation. The reefs have frequent shoal patches. Together, they form the N boundary of the Straits of Florida. Toward the W end are several openings between the keys offering passage from the straits into the Gulf.

The Keys ( Florida)
The Keys ( Florida)
Island safari tours.
Les Keys de Floride sont un archipel d'environ 1700 îles, situé à l'extrémité sud des États-Unis sur le détroit de Floride qui sépare l'océan Atlantique du Golfe du Mexique.
Il forme la baie de Floride et s'étend du sud-est de la péninsule de Floride, près de Miami, prend une direction sud puis s'oriente vers l'ouest à Key West ; il se termine sur les îles inhabitées de Dry Tortugas.
Key West se trouve à 145 km seulement de Cuba.

Key Biscayne est en fait rattachée au continent et certains ne la considèrent pas comme une des Keys. Le siège du comté de Monroe se trouve à Key West.

Les Keys furent longtemps seulement accessibles en bateau. Cela fut changé grâce à Henry Flager qui mis en place une voie ferrée au-dessus de la mer, au début de 1910. Flagler, le principal promoteur de la côte Atlantique, étendit la voie de chemin de fer jusqu'à Key West grâce à une ambitieuse série de voies de chemin de fer au-dessus de l'eau.

Les Florida Keys et Florida Reefs sont formées de sable, coquillage et corail. Les récifs forment fréquemment des bancs. Ensemble, ils forment le bord N du détroit de Floride. A travers l'extrémité W plusieurs ouvertures entre les keys forment des passages du détroit vers le golfe.

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Sites around The Keys ( Florida)
Flying distances - Direct line

Area from Key West to Dry Tortugas (Florida)

Florida Reefs
On the straits side of the keys, and at an average distance of 5 miles, are the Florida Reefs, a dangerous line of shoals which extend along the entire length of the chain. These reefs extend from near Stuart, on the Atlantic coast, to the Dry Tortugas, west of ...
16 Apr 12

Florida Bay

Florida Bay is an estuary covering approximately 1,100 square miles (2,850 square km) between the southern tip of Florida and the Florida Keys,from Barnes Sound to cape Sable. It is located on a shallow shelf lagoon where freshwater from the Everglades mixes with the saltwater from ...
16 Apr 12

Key Largo (Florida Keys)

Key Largo is the longest, largest and easternmost island of the Florida
Keys chain, South of Miami. To the north lies Florida Bay and to the south are the Florida Straits and the Atlantic Ocean.
There are no soft sand beaches. A large portion of the upper part of Key Largo is ...
20 Aug 14

Biscayne National Park (Florida)

Biscayne National Park, a protected area, is between Mile
1097.0 and Mile 1119.2. The National Park Service has established an anchorage area off the northern end of Elliott Key, opposite Mile
1110.0. The anchorage is marked by buoys. A park ranger is stationed at
Elliott ...
18 Apr 10

Marathon Key (Florida Keys)

Marathon is a city on Knight's
Key, Boot Key, Key Vaca, Fat
Deer Key, Long Point Key, Crawl
Key and Grassy Key islands in the middle Florida Keys, in Monroe County, Florida, in the United States. Boot Key Harbor is a natural body of water between Boot Key and Key Vaca, entirely ...
22 Mar 10

Key West (Florida)

A W current, counter to the prevailing E set of the Gulf Stream, at times exceeding 1 knot, has been reported in the vicinity of Key West Entrance Lighted Whistle Buoy.
In the S approaches to Key West within the 10-fathom  curve currents are weak and variable.
In the main ...
13 Mar 10

Plantation Key (Florida Keys)

Across Tavernier Creek at MM#90 and running down to Snake Creek at MM#87 is Plantation Key, just Southern of Key Largo, between Key largo and Windley Key.
Plantation Key is separated from Key Largo by Tavernier Creek at its Northeast end, and from Windley Key by Snake Creek at ...
27 Mar 10

Upper matecumbe Key (Florida Keys)

The island lies to the southwest of Windley
Key, and to the northeast of Lower Matecumbe Key.
All of the key is within the Village of Islamorada as of November 4, 1997, when it was incorporated.
22 Mar 10

Key Vaca (Florida Keys)

Key Vaca is an island in the middle Florida
Keys, located entirely within the borders of the city of Marathon, Florida. It is often incorrectly identified as
"Marathon Key."Key Vaca is located between Fat
Deer Key and Knight's Key. Key Vaca is also connected via bridge to ...
22 Mar 10

Long Key (ou Rattlesnake key) (Florida Keys)

Long Key was called Cayo Vivora (Rattlesnake Key) by early Spanish explorers, a reference to the shape of the island, which resembles a snake with its jaws open, rather than to its denizens.
In the early 20th century, Long
Key was the site of a luxurious fishing resort that ...
5 Apr 10

Bahia Honda Key (Florida Keys)

Bahia Honda (meaning deep bay, in Spanish) is an island in the lower Florida Keys.
Bahia Honda State Park. Founded in 1961, occupies most of the island. The channel at the island's west end is one of the deepest natural channels in the Florida Keys.Marine life is quite plentiful ...
16 Apr 12

Boca Chica Key Key West NAS (Florida Keys)

Boca Chica Key is an island in the lower Florida Keys approximately 3 miles east of the island of Key West.
Its name is Spanish for "small mouth", (not "girl mouth" as many assume, since chica used as an adjective in Spanish means small).It is mainly composed of salt marshes (mangroves) ...
15 Apr 10
Local Area

West Florida

The coast, for nearly 115 miles, from Key West to San Carlos Bay is low, sandy, and generally wooded. Innumerable small islands and keys, interlaced by many small rivers and bayous, make up Everglades National Park and the Ten Thousand Islands. From San Carlos Bay N to Tampa Bay the ...
6 Apr 12

Gulf of Mexico

The Gulf of Mexico is the ninth largest body of water in the world. The shape of its basin is roughly oval and approximately 810 nautical miles (1,500 km) wide and filled with sedimentary rocks and debris. Tidal ranges are extremely small due to the narrow connection with the ocean. Considered ...
6 Apr 12

NW Atlantic Ocean

Entre le Groenland et la mer du Nord, l'Atlantique est séparé de l'Océan Arctique par le seuil de Wyville-, zone relativement peu profonde (entre 300 et 1250 m) et de laquelle émerge l'Islande.
Au Nord, c'est-à-dire déjà dans l'océan Arctique, on trouve le bassin de Norvège, ...
19 Mar 15

Marco Island (Florida)

Marco Island, Caxambas park.
Marco Island est la plus grande des Dix Milles Îles de la Floride. Elle est située sur le golfe du Mexique au SW de la Floride, au S de Big Marco River, à 1 M environ de l'entrée de la passe Capri. Elle est reliée au continent par un pont.
7 Apr 12

Sanibel Island (Florida)

Immergée dans le Golfe du Mexique, l'île de Sanibel, en forme de crochet, est située au large de la côte ouest de la Floride, en face de Fort Myers, ville côtière située sur l?Interstate 75.
L'île est reliée à la ville de Fort Myers par une route construite en 1963.
Depuis ...
28 Feb 10
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