Sailing Guide

Sumatra (Indonesia)

Sumatra (Indonesia)

Characteristics

Description

Sumatra (Indonesian: Sumatera) is an island in western Indonesia, westernmost of the Sunda Islands.

The longest axis of the island runs approximately 1,790 km (1,110 mi) northwest-southeast, crossing the equator near the centre. At its widest point the island spans 435 km. The interior of the island is dominated by two geographical regions: the Barisan Mountains in the west and swampy plains in the east.

To the southeast is Java, separated by the Sunda Strait. To the north is the Malay Peninsula, separated by the Strait of Malacca. To the east is Borneo, across the Karimata Strait. West of the island is the Indian Ocean.

The backbone of the island is the Barisan mountains chain, with the active volcano Mount Kerinci's 3,805 m the highest point, located at about the midpoint of the range. The volcanic activity of this region endowed the region with fertile land and beautiful sceneries, for instance around the Lake Toba. It also contains deposits of coal and gold.

To the east, big rivers carry silt from the mountain, forming the vast lowland interspersed by swamps. Even if mostly unsuitable for farming, the area is currently of great economic importance for Indonesia. It produces oil from both above and below the soil—palm oil and petroleum.

Sumatra is the largest producer of Indonesian coffee.

7/01/2012
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Jojo
Sumatra (Indonesia)
Sumatra (Indonesia)
7/01/2012
Update
Jojo
seponti
22/11/2016
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Localisation

To precisely geolocate this site. Update if necessary.
Sites around Sumatra (Indonesia)
Flying distances - Direct line

Sumatra W coast (Indonesia)

On the W coast of Sumatera there is a high, rocky coast, or if there is a strip of sand by the sea, the land rises rapidly behind it to the neighboring hills.
Numerous small streams discharge their waters on the W coast, but most of them are barred and only navigable by small craft. ...
1 Feb 12

Pulau Burung (Burung-E Sumatra)

Pulau Burung (Boeroeng), 4 miles NNW of the entrance of the Sungai Kateman, is low, wooded, and separated from the Sumatera coast by a narrow channel.  Pulau Burung is a drying bank extends from 1 to 2 miles from the ends of the island.
Kateman Island and Pulau Burung are ...
27 Feb 12

Selat Ringgit (E Sumatra)

Selat Ringgit, between the SE side of Pulau Merbau and the NW end of Pulau Tebing Tinggi, has a least width of about 46m, and depths are reported to be from about 5 to 12m.
Vessels should favor the N side of the fairway at both ends of the strait.
27 Jan 12

Selat Pandjang (E Sumatra)

Selat Pandjang has a width of 1.5 to 3.2 miles, except where it is fouled by shoals and islets.
The above passages are only used by local vessels and are of little commercial importance.
In Selat Lalang and Selat Pandjang the currents turn from 2 to 2.5 hours after HW and LW ...
27 Jan 12

Sungaipakning harbour (E Sumatra)

Sungaipakning stands about 2 miles S of Tanjung Balaidalam. It's a small port.
A radio mast, painted red and white, stands in the town.
A shoal, with a least charted depth of 8m, extends about 3miles SE from a point about 1 mile NE of the charted light in position 1°20.7'N, ...
26 Jan 12

Selat Asam (E Sumatra)

Selat Asam, which lies between Pulau Padang to the W and Pulau Merbau and Pulau Tebing Tinggi to the E, has a least width of about 1 mile and a least depth of about 12m in its N approach.
The shores are steep-to, except off the N entrance point at its S end where it joins Selat ...
26 Jan 12

Selat Bengkalis (E Sumatra)

Selat Bengkalis lies between the SW side of Pulau Bengkalis and Sumatera and is entered W of Tanjung Jati, the W extremity of Pulau Bengkalis, which stands about 19 miles SE of Tanjung Masim. The N approach is deep and presents no difficulty if the buoyed channel is followed.
The ...
25 Jan 12

Teluk Kualacenaku (Amphitrite Bay) (E Sumatra)

Teluk Kualacenaku is about 20 miles wide between Tanjung Bakau and Tanjung Dato, a low headland, and about 17 miles long to the mouth of the several rivers of which it is the estuary. The coast is everywhere low and marshy, and the greater portion of the bay is very shallow.
The ...
29 Feb 12

Selat Lalang (E Sumatra)

Selat Lalang is about 2.2 to 4 miles wide and has a least depth of 11m in the fairway but there is a ridge with a depth of 8m near the middle of the strait abreast Makapan Settlement which stands on the W bank about 15 miles S of Tanjung Lajang.
In Selat Lalang and Selat Pandjang ...
27 Jan 12

Tanjung Padang (E Sumatra)

From Tanjung Padang,  the S entrance point of the W end of the strait, a spit with a depth of 1.8m at its outer end, extends 2.5 miles W from the point. The spit dries up to 1 mile W of the point.
Dedap, a wooded islet, lies on a sandbank which extends about 0.2 mile offshore ...
26 Jan 12

Selat Kungkung (E Sumatra)

Selat Kungkung is between Merbau bankand Rangsang bank, turn SW of pulau Rangsang and, in turn, leads into Selat Ayerhitam.Several narrow banks lying in a N to S direction, with depths of 1.2 to 5.5m lie in the N part of Selat Kungkung.Selat Kungkung, entered between Pulau Merbau ...
29 Jan 12

Selat Indragiri (Batong Kwantan) (E Sumatra)

Selat Indragiri (Indragiri River) (Batong Kwantan) penetrates in its upper reaches far into the
Padang uplands.
Its principal mouth is the Kuala Laja, which is the most serviceable channel for larger vessels.
Vessels with a maximum length of 60m and a maximum draft of 4m ...
27 Feb 12

Selat Padang (E Sumatra)

Selat Padang, the channel between Pulau Bengkalis and Pulau Padang to the S, is in frequentuse by small craft trading between Singapore and Bengkalis.
The channel is almost 1 mile wide with depths of 6 to 14m in the fairway. The channel is contracted to a width of 0.3 mile at its ...
26 Jan 12

Sungai Retih (E Sumatra)

Sungai Retih (Reteh River) disharges by four mouths, 8 to 12 miles NW of Tanjung Labu.These mouths are formed by three islands; the middle and largest is Pulau Kijang (Kidjang). Off these mouths the 5m curve is 6 miles from the coast, and the channels which lead to them are between ...
27 Feb 12

Pulau Cempah - Pulau Laut (Indonesia)

Pulau Cempah (Tjempah) is irregularly shaped, hilly and about 5 miles long and 2 miles wide. It is separated from the NW part of Pulau Bakung and Blandok Besar and Karoti by Selat Cempah (Tjempah Strait, 2 miles wide, which has general depths of about 24m.
Pulau Cempah is fairly ...
27 Feb 12

Tanjung Palau Kandar (SE Bengkalis) (E Sumatra)

Tanjung Palau Kandar (or tg Sekodi), with the village of Sekodi on it, is the SE extremity of Pulau Bengkalis.
A spit, with a depth of 0.5m, extends 0.5 mile S, and a 4.8m depth lies about 1 mile SW of the point.
Between the E coast of Pulau Bengkalis and Long Bank, about 29 ...
25 Jan 12

Water islands (Malacca - Malaysia)

Between Melaka and Tanjong Seginting, about 46 miles SE, the low, thickly wooded coast is bordered by a mud bank which extends up to 2.5 miles offshore in places.
The Water Islands, centered about 8 miles SE of Melaka, consists of a group of six tree-covered islands of moderate ...
5 Jan 12

Tanjung Dato (E Sumatra)

Located at the south-western tip of Sarawak on the Datu (or Dato) Peninsula, Tanjung Dato is one of Sarawak’s less accessible natural parks, but its relative remoteness is one of its main attractions. The beaches really are undisturbed, the corals offshore are untouched ...
27 Feb 12

Pulau Rusah-Turus-Lanjang (E Sumatra)

Pulau Rusah, a rock topped by tall trees, stands in the fairway of the channel leading W and S of Pulau Kundur into Selat Durian.
Pulau Turus and Batu Lanjang, awash, lie 1 mile and 2.75 miles SSE, respectively, of Pulau Rusah.Between Pulau Turus and Batu Lanjang to the W, and ...
30 Jan 12

Merodong group (Indonesia)

The Merodong group of islands lie to the W of Pulau Mesanak, between it and the Temiang group. The former group comprises six islands, separated by channels unsuitable for navigation and there is no reason in venturing among them or between them and Pulau Mesanak.
Merodong, the ...
10 Feb 12

Pulau Alangtiga - Beralas - Muci (W pulau Singkep)

Pulau Alangtiga, 79m high, lying about 30 miles NW of Pulau Berhala, is the central of a group of three small thickly-wooded islands fringed by reef, and some rocks above-water.
Pulas Beralas, 69m high, lies about 1 mile N of Pulau Alangtiga.
Pulau Muci (Mubi), 81m high, lies ...
26 Feb 12

Pulau Sikeling - Blanding - Lobam (Indonesia)

Pulau Sikeling, 91m high and about 1 mile long, lies 1 mile S of Pulau Buaya.
Blanding lies about 1 mile NW of Pulau Sikeling; it is the S of three islands located on a reef that extends about 4 miles NW.
Lobam, 84m high, lies on the N part of this reef. Turka lies between Blanding ...
27 Feb 12

Selanga Islets and Alor Islands (Indonesia)

The Selanga Islets, three in number, lying on the SE of Selat Pengelap, are small but elevated and conspicuous; the S islet is 35m high. With an opposing wind and current, a troublesome sea may arise in this area.The Pangelap group of islands separates Selat Pangelap from Selat Abang. ...
29 Feb 12
Local Area

Indian Ocean

The Indian Ocean is the third largest of the world's oceanic divisions, covering about 20% of the Earth's water surface. It is bounded on the north by Asia (including the Indian subcontinent, after which it is named); on the west by Africa; on the east by Indochina, the Sunda Islands, ...
6 Apr 12

Singapore

Large commercial vessels waiting in front of Singapore.
5 Nov 14

Andaman sea

The Andaman Sea (or Burma sea in Thai)  is a body of water to the southeast of the Bay of Bengal, south of Myanmar, west of Thailand and east of the Andaman Islands; it is a part of Indian Ocean.The sea has been traditionally used for fishery and transportation of goods between ...
21 Nov 11

Cocos (Keeling) Islands

The Territory of Cocos (Keeling) Islands, also called Cocos Islands and Keeling Islands, is a territory of Australia. There are two atolls and twenty-seven coral islands in the group. The islands are located in the Indian Ocean, about half way from Australia to Sri Lanka.
27 Dec 07

Bay of Bengal

The Bay of Bengal (largest bay in the world,) forms the northeastern part of the Indian Ocean. It is bordered mostly by the Eastern Coast of India, southern coast of Bangladesh and Sri Lanka to the west and Burma (Myanmar) and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands (part of India) to the ...
20 Nov 11

Maldives

The Republic of Maldives is a SW Asian country. The population of the Islamic Republic is about 300 000 inhabitants. The capital is Male. The language "Devehi" comes in part from an ancient form of Sri Lancans mixed with Hindi, Arabic and English. English is the ...
16 Nov 11
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