Sailing Guide

Strait of Hormuz (Détroit d'Hormuz)

Strait of Hormuz (Détroit d'Hormuz)



The Strait of Hormuz is a narrow, strategically important waterway between the Gulf of Oman in the southeast and the Persian Gulf. On the north coast is Iran and on the south coast is the United Arab Emirates and Musandam, an exclave of Oman. The strait at its narrowest is 54 kilometres (34 mi) wide. It is the only sea passage to the open ocean for large areas of the petroleum-exporting Persian Gulf. About 13 tankers carrying 15.5 million barrels of crude oil pass through the strait on an average day, making it one of the world's most strategically important choke points. This represents 33% of the world's seaborne oil shipments, and 17% of all world oil shipments in 2009.

Ships moving through the Strait follow a Traffic Separation Scheme (TSS), which separates inbound from outbound traffic to reduce the risk of collision. The traffic lane is six miles (10 km) wide, including two two-mile (3 km)-wide traffic lanes, one inbound and one outbound, separated by a two-mile (3 km) wide separation median.

To traverse the Strait, ships pass through the territorial waters of Iran and Oman under the transit passage provisions of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea. Although not all countries have ratified the convention, most countries, including the U.S., accept these customary navigation rules as codified in the Convention. Oman has a radar site LQI to monitor the TSS in the strait of Hormuz. This site is located on a small island on the peak of Mussandam Peninsula.

In the Strait of Hormuz, at the entrance of the gulf, the tidal current is often greatly opposed by a strong NW wind, at which time the sea becomes troublesome and breaks heavily.
Currents off the coast are variable but are not strong generally.

Le détroit d'Ormuz est une étroite voie d'eau d'importance stratégique entre le golfe d'Oman au sud et le golfe Persique, au N. Sur la côte NE, l'Iran et sur ​​la côte SE, les Emirats arabes unis et Musandam , une enclave du Sultanat d'Oman .

La partie la plus étroite du détroit est de 54 kilomètres de largeur. C'est le seul passage vers l'océan pour les pétroliers sortant du Golfe Persique . Environ 13 pétroliers transportant 15,5 millions de barils de pétrole brut passent à travers le détroit sur ​​une journée moyenne, ce qui en fait l'un des points d'étranglement le plus stratégiquement important du monde. Cela représente 33% des expéditions de pétrole au monde maritime, et 17% de toutes les expéditions mondiales de pétrole en 2009.

Les navires qui se déplacent à travers le détroit doivent suivre un dispositif de séparation du trafic (DST), qui sépare ceux qui entrent et ceux qui sortent afin de réduire le risque de collision. La voie de circulation est de six miles (10 km) de large, y compris deux voies de circulation de deux mile (3 km) de large, les entrants et sortants, sont séparés par deux-mile (3 km).

Pour traverser le détroit, les navires passent à travers les eaux territoriales de l'Iran et Oman suivant la règle du passage en transit des dispositions de la Convention des Nations Unies sur le droit de la mer. Bien que tous les pays aient ratifié la Convention, la plupart des pays, y compris les États-Unis, ont accepté ces règles de navigation coutumier codifié dans la Convention. Oman a un IQL site radar pour surveiller le TSS dans le détroit d'Ormuz. Ce site est situé sur une petite île sur la pointe de la péninsule Mussandam.

Dans le détroit d'Ormuz, à l'entrée du golfe, le courant de marée est souvent fortement opposé à un fort vent NW, à ce moment la mer devient très agitée.
Les courants au large des côtes sont variables mais ne sont pas forts en général.

Strait of Hormuz (Détroit d'Hormuz)
Strait of Hormuz (Détroit d'Hormuz)
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Sites around Strait of Hormuz (Détroit d'Hormuz)
Flying distances - Direct line


Musandam est la péninsule qui constitue la pointe nord-est de la péninsule Arabique. Elle est située à 45 km de la côte iranienne, dont elle est séparée par le détroit d'Ormuz, faisant d'elle un lieu stratégique.
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Bandar-e Shahid Reajie

Port protected by a breakwater.
27 Mar 12

Khawr Khasab

27 Mar 12

Mina Saqr Port (Ras Al Khaimah)

Mina Saqr (Ras al Khaimahi) is an artificially-constructed harbor with deep water. The port limits include Khawr Khuwayr (Hanna). General cargo, bulk cement, container and ro-ro cargo, and petroleum products are handled in the port.
Depths—Limitations.—Loaded vessels up to ...
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Bandar Abbas

Harbor protected by a breakwater.
27 Mar 12

Al Jazeera Port (Ras Al Khaimah)

Al Jazira port fronts Jazirat al Hamra, which was once an island but is now part of the mainland.
The port exports rock and aggregates from nearby quarries but can also handle bulk, liquid, ro-ro, container, and general cargo.Tides—Currents.—The mean maximum ...
10 Oct 11

Khwr Umm Al Qaywayn port

Khawr Umm Al Qaywayn is an old natural coastal harbor  located in the old town overlooking the traditional dhow building yard where skilled craftsmen continue to assemble these traditional boats. The harbor is surrounded by old coral stone houses that ...
10 Oct 11

Al Hamriyah (Ajman)

Al Hamriyah is a village about 7 miles SSW of Umm al Qaywayn. The tower of a new fort, with a flagstaff and a white minaret, are conspicuous. There is a creek at the S end of the village which connects at HW with Khawr Ajman. The creek was dredged (2004) ...
12 Oct 11

Ajman port

The Port of Ajman is located on the Gulf coast approx 8km NE of Sharjah, on the S side of the entrance to Khawr Ajman.General overview: Numerous fishing vessels and dhows operate from the port, Containers and general cargo are handled here.The entrance channel has been dredged ...
12 Oct 11

Palm Deira (Dubai)

The Palm Deira is an artificial archipelago under construction, located alongside Deira town.The largest of the three Palm Islands, Palm Deira on completion will cover an area greater than the city of Paris. Featuring 8,000 two-storey houses, villas, and town homes, it is a ...
15 Oct 11

Khalid Port (Sharjah)

Department of Seaports and Customs owns and controls the emirate’s three ports (the Port of Hamriyah, Khor Fakkan, and Khalid). The Gulftainer Company Limited was formed in 1976 to operate and manage the Sharjah Container Terminal at the Port of Khalid and the terminal at Port of ...
14 Oct 11

Khor Fakkan port Sharjah

Khor Fakkan (or Khawr Fakkan) is a town located along the Gulf of Oman on the east coast of the United Arab Emirates (UAE). The town is set on the picturesque bay of Khor Fakkan, which means "Creek of Two Jaws".
Khor Fakkan belongs to the emirate of Sharjah but is geographically ...
14 Oct 11
Local Area

Persian Gulf - Arabian Gulf

This inland sea of some 251,000 km² is connected to the Gulf of Oman in the east by the Strait of Hormuz; and its western end is marked by the major river delta of the Shatt al-Arab, which carries the waters of the Euphrates and the Tigris. Its length is 989 kilometres, with ...
18 Oct 14

Indian Ocean

The Indian Ocean is the third largest of the world's oceanic divisions, covering about 20% of the Earth's water surface. It is bounded on the north by Asia (including the Indian subcontinent, after which it is named); on the west by Africa; on the east by Indochina, the Sunda Islands, ...
6 Apr 12

UAE - Persian Gulf

The approaches to the S coast of the Persian Gulf are generally shallow, with a few offshore reefs and islands. Inside the 40m curve, which comprises roughly the area of Great Pearl Bank, the depths are irregular because of the reefs and shoals which extend offshore for many miles ...
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1 Jan 70


Bahrain, officially the Kingdom of Bahrain, is a small island state near the western shores of the Persian Gulf.Bahrain is an archipelago of 33 islands, the largest being Bahrain Island, at 55 km (34 mi) long by 18 km (11 mi) wide. Saudi Arabia lies to the west ...
17 Oct 11
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