Sailing Guide

Sagar road (Hugli river-India)

Sagar road (Hugli river-India)

Characteristics

Description

Sagar Roads, the navigable entrance at the mouth of the Hugli River, lies about 2 miles W of the SW extremity of Sagar Island.

The navigable entrance channel leading to Sagar Roads is subject to change in position and direction to accompany the change in depths, which occur from time to time. Local knowledge and assistance is essential to safe navigation.

Wind and Weather

  • September: after break up of the Southwest Monsoon, there is an East wind, light and variable with showers of rain. 

West current depending on force and duration of E winds; weather generally clear.

  • October: E wind or calm, variable force. The weather is stormy, sultry at times.

West and SW current; generally a gale or cyclonic storm.

  • November, December, January: N wind in morning and evening with fresh force in morning and evening, calm midday. Fine weather with cool mornings and evenings.

Cessation of the strong tides of the Hugli River; fogs in January in morning.

  • February: the wind is variable, S at night; NW sometimes with a light force. The weather is warm toward end of month.

Thick fogs in morning; floods strong in the Hugli River toward end of month.

  • March, April, May: The wind is variable, until end of March; W and SW in April and May with a light force at first and sometimes strong at end. Weather: Northwesters, with rain, thunder, and lightning, frequent; hazy.

Flood tide occasionally accompanied by bore; sometimes a gale or cyclonic storm in April or May.

  • June: Southwest wind, strong at first. Northwesters decreasing in force; heavy thunderstorms.

In June, the “chota bursat” or small rain, generally lasts two weeks.

  • July: Southwest and W wind, strong and gales frequent and squally heavy rains.

Freshets in the river, much swell in Eastern Channel.

  • August: Southwest and W wind; W during day, hauling to S toward evening of lighter force. Squally, heavy rains or generally clear.

Strong W current at the Sandheads.

Tides—Currents

Seaward of the Sundarbans, there are strong rotatory currents. During the rising tide, the tidal current commences by setting W and gradually turns through N to NE.
During the falling tide, it commences by setting E and gradually turns through S to SW.

At the Sandheads there is a strong W current in August; during September, after the cessation of the Southwest Monsoon, the W current depends on the force and duration of the E winds; in October, there is a W and SW current. During cyclonic weather, a strong W set of 2 to 5 knots is experienced.
During W gales, an E set of 1 to 2 knots develops.

Tides at the Sandheads and in Sagar Roads are semidiurnal.
Sagar Tidal Semaphore, displaying day and night signals, lies about 0.5 mile SSW of Sagar Island Light. Dublat Mark lies on Sidney Point, the SE extremity of Sagar Island.

In Eastern Channel, the tidal currents set, when not influenced by the wind here after:

  • First quarter: flood bearing is 270°-032° and ebb bearing: 045°-112°.
  • Second quarter: flood bearing: 310°; ebb bearing: 160°.
  • Third quarter: flood bearing: 000°; ebb bearing: 180°.
  • Fourth quarter: flood bearing: 022°; ebb bearing: 220°-240°.

The maximum velocities range from 2 to 3 knots at springs, and 1 to 1.5 knots during neaps, following the direction of the channel.

Depths—Limitations

Eastern Sea Reef (21°14'N., 88°03'E.), with depths of 0.6 to 4.9m, has its S extremity about 29 miles S of Sagar Island Light. This reef extends S from Lower Long Sand, a drying shoal with its N end about 4.5 miles SSW of Sagar Island Light. A shoal, with depths of 0.6 to 4.9m, extends about 26 miles SSE from New Island (21°33'N., 88°11'E.). During the Southwest Monsoon, the sea breaks heavily over the S end of this shoal.

Middle Ground, with depths of 1.2 to 5.5m, lies between Western Sea Reef and Eastern Sea Reef. Depths over this shoal range from a drying patch on its N end to a depth of 5.2m over its S end. This shoal breaks heavily during the Southwest Monsoon.
Lower Gasper Light Vessel (21°21.9'N., 88°09.6'E.) has a red hull with one mast surmounted by a topmark.

A similar breaking shoal, with depths of 0.6 to 5.5m, lies between
Eastern Sea Reef and the previously-described shoal which extends SSE from New Island.

Eastern Channel, with Gasper Channel, its N extension, lies between Eastern Sea Reef and the shoal to the E which extends about 26 miles SSE from New Island. Sagar Roads is entered N of this latter channel. Both Gasper Channel and Sagar Roads are marked by lighted buoys. A number of dangerous wrecks, marked by buoys, are encountered at the junction of the two fairways.

Western Channel lies between Western Sea Reef and Eastern Sea Reef, and leads into Beaumont’s Gut, which leads into Sagar Roads.

Upper Long Sand (21°34'N., 87°57'E.), a drying bank about 5 miles long, lies with its upper end about 5.3 miles SW of Sagar Island Light. A narrow shoal, with depths of 1.8 to 4.6m, extends 10.5 miles S from Upper Long Sand and then curves NE to join the upper part of Eastern Sea Reef.

Mizen Sand, a small drying bank, lies about 2.3 miles N of Upper Long Sand; Tigris Sand lies about 1 mile farther N.
Lighted Buoy LWA is moored close off the NE end of Mizen Sand. Lighted Buoy AD is moored close off the E side of Tigris Sand, 2 miles NNW of Lighted Buoy LWA.

Auckland Bar (21°45'N., 87°59'E.) has depths of over 4.6m.
A passage from Auckland Bar to Haldia Port is made through Jellingham Channel, marked by lighted buoys.

In 1986, it was reported that sand banks and islands SW of Aguimari Char (22°00'N., 88°08'E.) were to have been washed away to form a crossing to run from Jellingham Channel to Rangafala Channel, lying E of Aguimari Char. This connecting channel will allow an alternate route to Kulpi Roads and Calcutta, a detour from Haldia Channel. In 1988, Rangafala Channel was marked by lighted buoys. In 1989, it was reported that vessels make passage through Rangafala Crossing SSW of Aguimari into Rangafala Channel.

Middleton Bar (21°36'N., 88°03'E.), which dries 1.2m near its S end, lies centered about 3.3 miles S of Sagar Island Light, on the W side of Gaspar Channel. North of Middleton Bar a narrow shoal, with depths of less than 3m, extends about 4 miles N to join the drying coastal flat about 2 miles N of Sagar Island Light. A drying bank lies on this shoal about 1.5 miles WSW of the same lighthouse.

28/04/2012
Update
Jojo
haldia to sagar roads
11/10/2019
Update
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Localisation

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Sites around Sagar road (Hugli river-India)
Flying distances - Direct line

Hugli River Entrance (W Bengal-India)

4.5nm
292°
Eastern Channel Light Vessel, which is frequently moved, marks the entrance of Eastern Channel, the main fairway leading to the Hugli River. Eastern Channel is available for use both by day and night and leads into Gaspar Channel, which in turn leads into Sagar Roads.

Caution ...
28 Apr 12

Haldia port (W Bengal-NE India)

22nm
Haldia is a city and a major seaport and industrial belt located approximately 50 kilometres southwest of Calcutta near the mouth of the Hooghly River, one of the distributaries of the Ganges. It is in the Indian state of West Bengal.
Haldia is being developed as a major trade ...
30 Apr 12

Subarnareka River (N Orissa-NE India)

35nm
260°
Subarnarekha River (also called Swarnarekha River) flows through the Indian states of Jharkhand, West Bengal and Orissa.
As per tradition, gold was mined near the origin of the river at a village named Piska near Ranchi. This is why it was named Subarnarekha, meaning ‘streak ...
26 Apr 12

Panchpara River (N Orissa-NE India)

50nm
260°
The Panchpara River discharges into the sea about 4.5 miles NE of the entrance of the Burhabalang River. The river is navigable only by small native craft capable of crossing the bar.
26 Apr 12

Baleshwar (or Balasore) (N Orissa-NE India)

56nm
260°
Baleshwar lies on the S bank of the Burhabalang River, about 16 miles above its mouth. This town was formerly a port of some importance, but in recent years there has been no seaborne trade.

Cargo is transported by barges from the anchorage in Baleshwar Road.
It is best ...
26 Apr 12

Calcutta port (W Nengal-NE India)

57nm
18°
The Port of Calcutta (Kolkata) is a riverine port in the city of Kolkata, India. It is the oldest operating port in India, having originally been constructed by the British East India Company.The port of Calcutta extends from Budge Budge, about 21 miles above Hugli Point, to Konnagar, ...
30 Apr 12

Kanika sand (Orissa-NE India)

75nm
227°
Kanika Sand, an extensive drying mud and sand flat, lies on the N side of the entrance channel about 0.8 to 5.5 miles W of Shortt Island. This flat has been reported extending to the SE.

The outer bar, which has a least depth of 1.5m, lies about 1.3 miles NNW of the middle ...
24 Apr 12

Shortt Island (Orissa-NE India)

74nm
225°
Shortt Island, 3 m high, is the largest of four small islands which lie on a drying shoal about 3 miles N of Maipura Point. The configuration of the island is constantly changing due to the continuous action of the sea. A tower, 17.3m high, stands close off the E side of the island.
24 Apr 12

Balisahi Point (Orissa-NE India)

76nm
231°
Balisahi Point is the extremity of the low land N of the entrance of the Dhamra River.

The coast between Balisahi Point and the entrance of the Hugli River, about 69 miles NE, is low, flat, and covered with scrub and mangroves along its S part. Southwest of Chandipur, the trees ...
24 Apr 12

Palmyras Point (Orissa-NE India)

78nm
227°
Palmyras Point, about 6 miles W of Shortt Island, is the N extremity of the low land which lies between the Maipura River and the Dhamra River. The point is difficult to distinguish because of the dense jungle growth which covers it. The low land on the N side of the Dhamra River ...
24 Apr 12

False point (Orissa-NE India)

107nm
221°
About 2.5 miles NNE of the Lion’s Rump, False Point lies between the two entrances of the Mahanadi River and has been reported to be a good radar target up to 17 miles.
The lighthouse on the point is shown from a white round masonry tower with red bands; the lighthouse is difficult ...
21 Apr 12

Paradip port (Orissa-NE India)

111nm
222°
Paradip lies on the coast about 6.5 miles ENE of the entrance of the Jatadharmhan River.
The port handles containers, general cargo, dry bulk cargo, and liquid bulk cargo.Depth—Limitations The port is approached through a channel with dredged depth of 12.8m. Vessels with a draft ...
21 Apr 12
Local Area

Hugli (Hooghly) River (NE India)

India’s Hugli River (sometimes spelled "Hooghly") is a Ganges River distributary, one of the many branches of the river that are collectively known as the "Mouths of the Ganges".Vessels entering the Hugli River approach Eastern Channel Light Vessel, which is moored about 46.5 ...
24 Jun 13

East Coast of India

India, or the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south and the Bay of Bengal on the south-east, it shares land borders with China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north-east; and Burma and Bangladesh to the east.
In the Indian Ocean, India ...
20 Mar 12

Bay of Bengal

The Bay of Bengal (largest bay in the world,) forms the northeastern part of the Indian Ocean. It is bordered mostly by the Eastern Coast of India, southern coast of Bangladesh and Sri Lanka to the west and Burma (Myanmar) and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands (part of India) to the ...
20 Nov 11

Indian Ocean

The Indian Ocean is the third largest of the world's oceanic divisions, covering about 20% of the Earth's water surface. It is bounded on the north by Asia (including the Indian subcontinent, after which it is named); on the west by Africa; on the east by Indochina, the Sunda Islands, ...
6 Apr 12

Sagar island (W Bengal-India)

Sagar Island lies on the E side of the Hugli River entrance and is flanked on its E side by the Baratala River, and on its W side by Bedford Channel.
The main fairway leading into the Hugli River passes close off the SW extremity of this island. Although well-populated and heavily ...
28 Apr 12
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