Sailing Guide

Pamban Pass (Tamil Nadu-E India)

Pamban Pass (Tamil Nadu-E India)

Characteristics

Description

Pamban Pass is the navigable channel, partly artificial, through the banks which occupy the space between the W end of Pamban Island and the mainland.
It is of great advantage to coastal craft trading between ports on the W coast of India and ports of the Bay of Bengal.

A rocky barrier extends in a straight line between the W coast of Pamban Island and Ramen Point, about 1.3 miles W.
Pamban Viaduct, which carries the South India Railway is built on this barrier.

A cutting, 61m wide, through the barrier and crossed by a rolling lift bridge, lies about 0.2 mile W of Pamban Island. The bridge is under the control of the Port Conservator at Pamban, who requires 30 minutes notice to open the bridge; in an emergency it can be opened immediately.

 On the W side of Pamban Pass the barrier is named The Great Dam. It consists of large masses of flat-surfaced rocks, which were formerly portions of a causeway that extended from Pamban Island to the mainland. The N face of the dam is steep-to, and at LW presents a wall-like appearance, but the boulders are sufficiently separated to allow a free passage to the water.

The channel N of the rolling lift bridge over Pamban Pass is marked by buoys and beacons.

Depths—Limitations

In 1979, it was reported that the maximum draft for vessels using the pass was limited to 2.1m.

The pass is used by some coastal vessels of from 200 to 800 grt and about 61m in length; these are as large as can safely transit the channel.

Tides—Currents

The tidal rise at Pamban Pass is 0.7m at MHWS, and 0.5m at MHWN.
The pass is well-marked with beacons, buoys, and is easy to navigate.
Tidal currents are only noticeable at the change of the monsoon in March, April, and October. At other times they are masked by the S current during the Northeast Monsoon, and by the N current during the Southwest Monsoon. These currents often attain velocities of 6 knots, making passage of the pass difficult.

Pilotage

Pilotage is compulsory for merchant vessels. Licensed pilots at Pamban are under the orders of the Pamban Port Conservator. Pilots are stationed at Kundagal (Kundugal) Point, the SW extremity of Pamban Island, Mundel Point at the W end of Pamban Island, and on the N side of Pamban Pass, to look out for vessels approaching Pamban.
There are no official signals for vessels needing a pilot, but local craft usually display a red or white flag.

23/03/2012
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Pamban Pass (Tamil Nadu-E India)
20/03/2012
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Pamban Pass (Tamil Nadu-E India)
Pamban bridge
20/03/2012
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Pamban Pass (Tamil Nadu-E India)
22/03/2012
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Localisation

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Sites around Pamban Pass (Tamil Nadu-E India)
Flying distances - Direct line

Pamban port (Pamban Island-E India)

0.4nm
107°
Pamban, administered by a conservator, lies close N of the W extremity of Pamban Island. Cargo is handled by lighters to and from the beach.South and SW winds prevail from April to October.
23 Mar 12

Ramen Point ( Tamil Nadu-E India)

0.5nm
275°
Ramen Point is the E extremity of a narrow tongue of land projecting E from the coast.
A  temple in ruins lies about 183m W of the point; a coconut plantation lies about 183m farther W.
The coast from Ramen Point to Devipattanam, about 21 miles NW, is generally low and ...
23 Mar 12

Pamban light (Pamban island-E India)

8.1nm
74°
Pamban Light is shown from a conspicuous white tower on a sandhill on the NW point of Pamban Island. NE Beacon, 5.5m high and white, lies close N of the light.
Kanthe Thuki Reef, composed of partly drying coral heads, lies between 0.3 and 0.5 mile W of Pamban Island Light.
A ...
23 Mar 12

Kachchaitivu (Kachchtivu) island (Sri-Lanka)

20nm
71°
Kachchaitivu (Kachchtivu), about 10 miles SW of Delft Island , is 12m high and overed with scrub. There is a well and a small shrine on the NE side of the island.Depths of less than 9.1m extend 1 mile SE of the island.
Depths of less than 5.5m extend about 2.5 mile NE from the ...
23 Mar 12

Dhanushkodi (Pamban island-E India)

14nm
114°
Dhanushkodi, about 2 miles NW of Lands End, is connected to the railway system of India.A pier, for use by vessels of the ferry service between Dhanushkodi and Talaimannar, extends from the NE coast of Pamban Island abreast the town. The pier is 219m long, with depths of 3.4m on each ...
23 Mar 12

Lands End (Pamban island-E India)

16nm
117°
Lands End is the SE extremity of Pamban Island; a small but conspicuous building lies near the point.
Dhanushkodi, about 2 miles NW of Lands End, is a railroad terminal; the red-roofed railway buildings are conspicuous.
22 Mar 12

Tondi jetty (E India)

29nm
338°
Tondi, is a small port for local coasting craft.
Two white masonry beacons, 4.5m high, mark the port limits.
A light stands about 4.5 miles NE of Tondi.Anchorage may obtained, in 6m, mud, about 5 miles ESE of Tondi, but this position is exposed to all but offshore winds.
Small ...
23 Mar 12

Valinokkam Point (E India)

33nm
257°
Caution.—Vessels, other than small coasting vessels, should not approach the coast between Tuticorin and Valinokkam Point, about 37 miles NE, closer than 6 or 7 miles due to the many off-lying shoals.The coast between Valinokkam Point and Ramen Point, about 32 miles ENE, is fronted ...
20 Mar 12

Kariya Shuli and Vilangu Shuli islets (Pattanamarudur-E India)

58nm
250°
The town of Pattanamarudur, with some large trees visible up to 10 miles offshore, lies at thehead of this bight, about 7 miles N of Tuticorin.
The bight is filled by a flat, with depths of less than 5.5m, extending up to about 4.5 miles offshore. Kariya Shuli and Vilangu Shuli, ...
20 Mar 12

Chidambaranar (Tuticorin) Port (E India)

66nm
241°
Tuticorin (Tuttukuddi) is the largest commercial town on the W side of the Gulf of Mannar.Chidambaranar Port is an artificial deep-sea harbour formed with rubble mound type parallel breakwaters projecting into the sea for about 4 km. (Length of North breakwater is 4098.66 m, length ...
20 Mar 12

Tuticorin

67nm
244°
Port protected by a breakwater.
27 Mar 12

Calimere Point (E India)

72nm
33°
Point Calimere is the southernmost extremity of the Coromandel Coast and the NW entrance point of Palk Strait.
The following conspicuous objects lie in the vicinity of the point:
1. Point Calimere Light, that is shown from a concrete tower, 18.2m high, close within the point; ...
23 Mar 12
Local Area

Gulf of Mannar (SE India)

The Gulf of Mannar lies between the SE coast of the Indian Peninsula and the W coast of Sri Lanka. Its S boundary lies between Cape Comorin, the S extremity of India, and Point de Galle, the SW point of Sri Lanka. The gulf is bounded N by Adam’s Bridge, a chain of islets and rocks ...
20 Mar 12

Coromandel coast (E India)

The Coromandel Coast is the name given to the southeastern coast of the Indian Subcontinent between Cape Comorin and False Divi Point.
It may also include the southeastern coast of the island of Sri Lanka.
The coast is generally low, and punctuated by the deltas of several large ...
23 Mar 12

East Coast of India

India, or the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south and the Bay of Bengal on the south-east, it shares land borders with China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north-east; and Burma and Bangladesh to the east.
In the Indian Ocean, India ...
20 Mar 12

Bay of Bengal

The Bay of Bengal (largest bay in the world,) forms the northeastern part of the Indian Ocean. It is bordered mostly by the Eastern Coast of India, southern coast of Bangladesh and Sri Lanka to the west and Burma (Myanmar) and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands (part of India) to the ...
20 Nov 11

Indian Ocean

The Indian Ocean is the third largest of the world's oceanic divisions, covering about 20% of the Earth's water surface. It is bounded on the north by Asia (including the Indian subcontinent, after which it is named); on the west by Africa; on the east by Indochina, the Sunda Islands, ...
6 Apr 12

Approaches Pamban Pass (E India)

Mansfield Patch, with a least depth of 5.8m, about 7 miles SE of Kundagal Point, is the N and shallowest of a group of detached patches.
Batt Patch, with a least depth of 4.9m, lies about 2.8 miles WNW of Mansfield Patch; the sea breaks on Batt Patch in a fresh breeze. Manauli ...
20 Mar 12
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