Sailing Guide

NE Brazil

NE Brazil

Characteristics

Description

Brazil is the only country in the world that lies on the equator while having contiguous territory outside the tropics. It occupies a large area along the E coast of S. America.

Brazilian territory also includes a number of islands and islets.

Southern Brazil has subtropical or temperate climate. The annual average temperatures vary between 12°C (53.6°F) and 22°C (71.6°F). It snows in the mountain ranges.

Brazilian pleasure slowly takes off. Motor boats are 80 to 90% of the market, while the "sailors" are rare, but quite dynamic.

Regarding moorings overall funds generally good holding.
On Amazon, during the summer, almost every day brings winds. It can be violent (40 to 50 knots) but the risk of damage is low.
Yacht clubs are often local VIP clubs.

Marinas always have a security service 24 hours 24. At the entrance as on the pontoons. This is necessary, especially when the latter adjoins a favela.
The port facilities are highly variable. Some Brazilian marinas sometimes offer free first days in port. The prices are very variable (you can go from single to quadruple between a municipal port and a private marina.)
Negotiate feasible, especially for a parking lot of a month or more.

Marinas ask the boat's papers and sometimes official entry documents in the country.

Formalities

In case of your first-time arrival in Brazil, you have to arrange, although not in a pressing way, for proper clearance. The different departments are now all located in the town of Cabedelo ( easy access by the little train that stops in our village)

You have 2 working days for clearing formalities in the FOLLOWING order , whereby not just the skipper but the whole crew has to be present.

1. Federal police (immigration) Requirements : passports of all crew and the ships papers.

They will issue an individual tourist visa slip valid for 90 calendar days and in a second step for another 90 days if desirable or necessary. So, after all, you're only allowed to stay in Brazil for a total of 180 calendar days/year. At the time of clearing-in, a manifest with all the names of the whole crew will be issued. This document has to remain on board
Note : if some of the crew intend to leave before the scheduled sailing of the vessel, they only have to present themselves at the airport with their individual touris visa slip and their passports. Just make sure NOT to lose that visa slip as otherwise some serious hassle might pop up.

In case some of the crew intend to leave on another vessel, they have to present themselves, with their passport and tourist slip, together with the new skipper at the time of clearing out.

2. Customs (Alfandega)- ships'papers and the doc. delivered by the Federal Police.

3. Port Authorities (Capitania dos Portos) with the docs delivered under (1) & (2).

4. Health Authorities (Vigilancia Sanitaria)- with the compilation of everything plus vaccination docs if any.

DON' t reverse this order as you may have wasted a trip. If one of the authorities in the sequence isn't available, don't lose your temper, just go back the following day.

Locations and details :
The 4 authorities are all located inside the port of Cabedelo premises or just in front. The train station is quite near- get out on the right hand side, follow the street parallel to the tracks until the port area, turn right and the port entry is 200m away. Just ask for ?Policia Federal, then for Alfandega, afterwards for Capitania dos Portos and finally for Vigilancia Sanitaria.
Be aware that most offices close between 11.30 am and 2 pm. As with ALL official places in Brazil, the wearing of slacks is mandatory and when arriving in bermudas might have access refused.

Generally speaking, the Brazilians are very welcoming and the formalities usually don't result into a hassle. The only thing one has to bear in mind, is that time hasn't got the same value compared to the NW and NE Atlantic.

WHEN LEAVING :

  • Brazil : the same formalities, with the exception of the Health Authorities, have to be done in REVERSE order.
  • For another sailing destination in Brazil, one has to clear-out at customs first and then with immigration.

Visa extension :
As mentioned, one upon arrival receives automatically 90 days. If you need to stay longer, close to the end of the 90 d. one has to apply for for an extension of up to another 90 days with the Federal Police in downtown JOAO PESSOA . Bring with you passport(s), ship's papers and and entry paper and everybody concerned needs to be present. The charge is R$25/person, payable at the bank opposite the Fed's building whereupon with proof of payment one has to return to get the necessary stamps. They're open Monday-Friday 8am-6pm although it's safer to go well before 4 pm as all banks close at that hour.
Be aware:
1. Not to extend the 90 days before applying as everybody will be subject to a daily fine of 8R$/calendar day.

2. The 180 days are the maximum one is allowed to stay in the territory of Brazil in a given year.

Boat visa extension

Although your total stay in Brazil is limited to 180 days/year, your boat can be cleared to remain up to 2 years which allows you to go home or visit other Latin-American countries.
Before leaving, you have to go to the port authorities (Capitania dos Portos) in JOAO PESSOA with a certified declaration from the caretaker (marina); thereupon proceed to the Ministry of Finances (Receita Federal) in CABEDELO. Based upon the paper issued by the Port Authorities, they will issue a free laisser passer (void of all kind of import duties). Your only engagement is to declare that within the time-frame you will take the boat out of Brazil and to undertake that you will not sell part or the whole in Brazil.
6/04/2015
Update
Joëlle
NE Brazil
Brazil - South
6/04/2015
Update
Joëlle
Le Brésil s'étend de l'équateur au tropique du capricorne et occupe une vaste zone le long de la côte E de l'Amérique du S. Le territoire brésilien comprend également un certain nombre d'îles ou d'îlots.

La Région Sud est la seule région brésilienne localisée presque totalement au-dessous du Tropique du Capricorne et, par cela même, est la plus froide du Brésil.
La caractéristique générale du climat du Sud est subtropicale présentant une sensible oscillation thermique pendant l'année. Il est possible de différencier clairement deux saisons : l'hiver, qui peut être froid et l'été, chaud, surtout dans les zones de basse altitude des trois États.

Peu développée jusqu'il y a quelques années, la plaisance brésilienne prend lentement son envol. Les bateaux à moteur représentent 80 à 90 % du marché , tandis que les "voileux" sont rares, mais assez dynamiques.

En ce qui concerne les mouillages, globalement les fonds accrochent bien.
Les clubs nautiques sont souvent des clubs de VIP locaux.
Les marinas ont toujours un service de gardiennage 24 h sur 24. A l'entrée comme sur les pontons. Ceci est nécessaire, surtout lorsque la marina jouxte une favela.
Les installations portuaires sont très variables. Certaines marinas brésiliennes offrent parfois la gratuité des premiers jours à quai. Les prix sont très variables (on peut passer du simple au quadruple entre un port communal et une marina privée.)
Négocier est faisable, surtout pour un stationnement d'un mois ou plus.

Les marinas demandent les papiers du bateau et parfois les documents officiels d'entrée dans le pays.

Balisage:

On est en balisage IALA système B: vert à gauche et rouge à droite.

Formalités

Si vous touchez terre pour la première fois au Brésil, vous devrez faire les formalités d'entrée sans pour autant vous précipiter ; Les différents services sont maintenant tous regroupés á Cabedelo. (Accès facile par le petit train qui s'arrête au village)
Vous avez 2 jours, ouvrables, pour faire votre entré au pays, à la Police Fédérale (Immigration), puis aux douanes (« Alfandiga », à la « Receita Federal »), puis à la capitainerie (« Capitania dos Portos »), et enfin à la « Vigilancia Sanitaria » !...Mais ce délai reste assez « flexible », d'autant que tout le monde n'est pas forcément disponible sur le moment mais tout devrait être bouclé dans la semaine. Habillez-vous en pantalon, l'accés pourrait vous étre refusé si vous vous présentez en short...


Première étape

Policia Federal et immigration :
Ils sont situés dans l'enceinte du port de Cabedelo, dans le bâtiment juste à droite de la guérite d'entrée. Lorsqu'on arrive par la gare, sortir par la droite, suivre la parallèle à la voie ferrée jusqu'au port, puis suivez à droite : l'entrée du port est à 200 mètres. Les services d'immigration vous donneront un visa touristique de permanence au Brésil valable 3 mois ; il est renouvelable une fois ; c'est-à-dire que vous avez droit de rester au Brésil au maximum 6 mois par année calendaire. Si vous avez l'intention d'y laisser votre bateau en vous absentant du pays, vous pouvez demander une extension de séjour sous douane pour le bateau, laissé sous la garde d'une entité reconnue, qui peut aller jusqu'à 2 ans.


Deuxième étape

Alfândega (Receita Federal, inistério da Fazenda) (fermés entre midi et 2 h.)
Amenez avec vous la documentations reçue de l'Immigration.

En sortant du port, bien que la Capitania soit droit devant vous, tournez d'abord à votre droite pour trouver le bâtiment rouge brique de la Receita Federal sur votre droite, où vous devrez déclarer tout ce que vous avez et n'avez pas à bord!


Troisème étape

Capitania dos Portos :
En face de l'entrée du port.

Elle est ouverte jusqu'à 18h. et son rôle consiste essentiellement à garantir la sécurité de la navigation le long des côtes brésiliennes.Allez y avec les documents de tout l'équipage et du bateau. Lorsque sous quittez l'escale, notifiez quelconque changement d'équipage.

Quatrième étape

Vigilância Sanitaria :

Retournez dans l'enceinte du port, à côté du bâtiment de l'Immigration, munis de vos carnets de vaccination, pour répondre à un questionnaire et probablement prendre rendez-vous pour une visite à bord, sans grande complication, rassurez-vous.

D'une manière générale, le brésilien est extrêmement accueillant, et toutes ces formalités se passent de la meilleure façon, pour peu que vous réalisiez que la valeur du temps n'est probablement pas la même ici que de l'autre côté de l'Atlantique.

Sortie :
Si vous quittez le territoire Brésilien, vous devez refaire les mêmes formalités en sens inverse, sauf la Vigilance Sanitaire

Si vous quittez un port Brésilien pour un autre, il vous faut passer à la Capitainerie et á l'immigration.

Prolongation de visa :

Si vous avez besoin de rester plus de 3 mois au Brésil, vous devez aller demander au service d'Immigration de la Police Federal de Joao Pessoa une extension de votre visa initial, qui peut aller jusqu'à 90 jours. Ce service se trouve en centre ville, sur une petite place bordée de charmants vieux arbres, située en haut d'une rue marchande que vous trouverez sur la droite de la place de Lagoa
Tous les bus qui vont de Cabedelo à Joao Pessoa passent par Lagoa.
Emportez votre passeport, des papiers du bateau, et votre reçu d'Entré au Brésil ; vous aurez un formulaire à remplir, puis aurez une taxe de l'ordre de R$ 25,00 (par personne) à aller payer à la banque en face, après quoi vous devrez retourner au service d'Immigration pour y recevoir le tampon de votre nouveau visa (toutes les personnes concernées doivent être présentes). Bureaux ouverts de lundi à vendredi, de 8h à 16h, mais ferme entre 11h30 et 14 h.
Prolongation du « visa » du bateau :
Bien que votre séjour total au brésil ne puisse excéder 6 mois, votre bateau peut, lui, rester jusqu'à 2 ans, ce qui signifie que vous pouvez laisser le bateau pour visiter par voie terrestre ou aérienne d'autres pays d'Amérique latine, ou rentrer quelques mois dans votre pays d'origine, par exemple.

Pour ce faire, avant de quitter le Brésil, vous devez :
Aller à la Capitania dos Portos de Joao Pessoa munis d'une déclaration estampillée de l'entité reconnue (marina) qui a la garde de votre bateau et d'une procuration; puis passer à la Receta Federal de Cabedelo, qui, au vue de ce document visé par la Capitania, vous ferra une extension de droit de séjour sous douane de votre bateau (sans aucune taxe d'importation à payer), en vous sous engageant à revenir pour quitter le Brésil avec.
6/04/2015
Update
Joëlle
NE Brazil
Brazil - South
6/04/2015
Update
Joëlle
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Localisation

To precisely geolocate this site. Update if necessary.
Sites around NE Brazil
Flying distances - Direct line

Todos os Santos Bay (Bahia Brazil)

The bay of All Saints (Baia de Todos os Santos in Portuguese), also known as "All Saints'Bay" and "Todos os Santos Bay", is the principal bay of the Brazilian state of Bahia, on the eastern coast of Brazil, surrounding part of Bahia's capital Salvador and opening to the Atlantic ...
14 Jan 16

Bahia Formosa (Rio Grande do Norte Brazil)

It is possible to anchor in baia Formosa, in depths of 7 to 9 m.
Sheltered from S and SE winds.
7 Apr 15

Cabo Bacopari (Rio Grande do Norte)

Cabo Bacopari closes baia Formosa and shows a light.
7 Apr 15

Ponta da Trincheira (Rio Grande do Norte)

Ponta da Trincheira lies 19 miles SSE to Cabo Bacopari. A light is on a reef that lies close E of the point.
7 Apr 15

Ponta da Tabatinga (Rio Grande do Norte Brazil)

Ponta da Tabatinga is about 18 miles SSE of Natal. It is of a reddish color and marked by a light.
7 Apr 15

Porto do Natal (Rio Grande do Norte Brazil)

The port of Natal is situated at the mouth of the Rio Pontengi. The river flows into the sea through an opening in the barrier reef. The barrier reef forms a natural breakwater for the port.
The prevailing winds most of the year are from the ENE to SE.Formalities can be carried ...
13 Jan 16

Iate Clube do Natal (Rio Grande do Norte Brazil)

The Iate Clube do Natal marina is in the town of Monsenhor Gil (Brazil).

Visiting yachtsmen welcomed. Good general repair facilities. Water, showers (cold water), bar and restaurant. (Pool & recreational facilities not open to visitors). Wifi and laundry services available. ...
13 Jan 16

Fortaleza port (Ceara Brazil)

This is the most important city on the north coast and is also a busy fishing harbour.

For the unsuspecting, the bay is littered with wrecks (those not buoyed show above the water), and the water shallows quickly, so care should be taken on entry. Lights on the buoys can ...
12 Jan 16

Port do Cabedelo (Paraiba Brazil)

Cabedelo is situated approximately 100MN south of Natal where the Rio Paraiba enters the sea. It's location makes it a useful arrival/departure point for Brazil. It is situated on the eastern bank of the Northern Paraíba River Estuary, just 18 km from João Pessoa City, Capital ...
13 Jan 16

Ribeira Adventure Club (Sao Paulo Brazil)

Bow-to and Stern-to moorings for about 10 boats plus anchor space. Water, electricity and internet use available. Drinks and tapas at Luciano’s small bar. Speaks Spanish and English. Regular water taxis.

Although the channel leading up to this mini-marina is not sufficiently ...
13 Jan 16

Jacaré yacht village (Paraiba Brazil)

It is best to proceed up the river to Jacare, but beware of the many shoals and strong currents. It is advisable not to use a "danforth" type anchor as it can more easily be tripped when the tide turns. Beware of the unlit fishing nets strung across the river. At Jacare, yachts ...
13 Jan 16

Cabo de Sao Roque (Rio Grande do Norte)

sandy point, about 55m high, with vegetation on its summit. It is closest to the continent of Africa. It also marks the separation of French Guiana (where the coast is low and swampy) and the State of Rio Grande do Norte that offers to S, a massive coast with many coves and bays.

Finally, ...
6 Apr 15

Porto De Suape (Pernambuco Brazil)

Port protected by a breakwater.
10 May 11

Porto De Maceio

Port protected by a breakwater.
10 May 11

Fernando de Noronha archipelago (Rio Grande do Norte Brazil)

Fernando de Noronha is an archipelago of 21 islands and islets in the Atlantic Ocean, 354 km offshore from the brazilian coast. The archipelago got its name from the Portuguese merchant Fernão de Loronha, to whom it was given by the Portuguese crown for services rendered regarding ...
12 Jan 16

Estaleiro Aratu marina (Savador de Bahia)

Phone: (71} 3594-7373
fax: (71) 3594-9393
e-maii: marinaaratu@marinaaratu.oorn.br
15 Jan 16

Aratu Iate Clube (Aratu Salvador de Bahia))

Towards the bottom of the Bay of All Saints, to starboard, there is a marked channel that leads to the bay of Aratu.
It is from there that share the most contributes regatta Bahia, the place of arrival is Maragogipe, in August, in honor of Saint Bartholomew, the saint patron ...
15 Jan 16

Marina Pier Salvador (Bahia)

A friendly marina in the sheltered Itapajipe bay, N of Salvador city. All facilities, laundry, WiFi, chandlery, restaurant, small shop. Nearby bus into the city. Owner speaks English and French and is most helpful. A good place to leave the boat. At LW 1.4m in the approach channel.

Phone: ...
14 Jan 16

Marina Angra dos Veleiros (Salvador de Bahia)

Floating marina, floating dock, bar, restaurant and VHF radio.

Tel/Fax: (71) 3316-5628
e-mail: angradosveleiros@terra.com.br
15 Jan 16

Bahia Marina (Salvador de Bahia)

Bahia Marina offers customers and users complete infrastructure. Consists of:Bowl berth of 176,000 m2;400 wet empty marina spaces on aluminum floating piers, with access control equipped with lampposts, all with electricity and water meters taken at each point to encourage rational ...
14 Jan 16

Maragojipe quay (Bahia Brazil)

After rounding the fort of Paraguaçu (or Salamina), we arrive at "l'île du Français" (llha do Francês). At left, just after the island, is Maragojipe at the mouth of rio Guai.
The city has a concrete pier more than 100 meters long.
Maragojipe is located in a sheltered place, ...
14 Jan 16

Bahia de Santo Antonio (F de Noronha N Brazil)

It is a natural anchorage place, just off the breakwater, which provides protection for the dinghy when landing. However, this anchorage is reported to be rolly. In the winter months (July) the seas here are generally calm.
A stone pier was built for tieing up small ships. Bigger ...
12 Jan 16

Porto do Itaqui (Maranhao Brazil)

Located on the coast of São Luís, the state capital, the port has a deep access channel and berths, enabling the mooring of large ships.
Port of Itaqui is the largest cargo port in Brazil, near the city of São Luís, Maranhão. It is not to be confused with the city of Itaqui, ...
13 Jan 16
Local Area

SW Atlantic Ocean

Le relief sous-marin de l'Atlantique au Sud de l'équateur est beaucoup plus simple qu'au Nord.On y trouve la dorsale Médio-Atlantique,avec, en vis-à-vis des éléments de reliefs mentionnés,le bassin Brésilien , profond de 6000 à 7000 m, et le bassin Argentin, profond de 5000 ...
23 Mar 15

SE Brazil

The Southeast Region of Brazil  is composed by the states of Espírito Santo, Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo. It is the richest region of the country, responsible for approximately 60% of the Brazilian GDP. São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro and Minas Gerais are three richest ...
14 Jan 16

N Brazil

Brazil is the only country in the world that lies on the equator while having contiguous territory outside the tropics. It occupies a large area along the E coast of S. America.
Brazilian territory also includes a number of islands and islets. Brazilian pleasure slowly takes off. ...
6 Apr 15

S Brazil

The South Region of Brazil (Portuguese: Região Sul do Brasil) is one of the five regions of Brazil. It includes the states of Paraná, Santa Catarina and Rio Grande do Sul.
It is a great tourist, economic and cultural pole. It borders Uruguay, Argentina, and Paraguay as well ...
19 Jan 16

Uruguay

Type here the sea or coast description.
17 Jan 08

South Georgia and the South Sandwich islands

The sovereignty of South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands was  disputed between the United Kingdom and Argentina. Argentina, which claims the islands in its constitution and briefly occupied them by force in 1982, agreed in 1995 to no longer seek settlement by force. The ...
9 Mar 15
During your navigation, remember to update the data. If a harbor, marina or anchorage is missing, create it. Thank you for all boaters.