Sailing Guide

N Brazil

N Brazil

Characteristics

Description

Brazil is the only country in the world that lies on the equator while having contiguous territory outside the tropics. It occupies a large area along the E coast of S. America.
Brazilian territory also includes a number of islands and islets.

Brazilian pleasure slowly takes off. Motor boats are 80 to 90% of the market, while the "sailors" are rare, but quite dynamic.

Regarding moorings overall funds generally good holding.
On Amazon, during the summer, almost every day brings winds. It can be violent (40 to 50 knots) but the risk of damage is low.
Yacht clubs are often local VIP clubs.

Marinas always have a security service 24 hours 24. At the entrance as on the pontoons. This is necessary, especially when the latter adjoins a favela.
The port facilities are highly variable. Some Brazilian marinas sometimes offer free first days in port. The prices are very variable (you can go from single to quadruple between a municipal port and a private marina.)
Negotiate feasible, especially for a parking lot of a month or more.

Marinas ask the boat's papers and sometimes official entry documents in the country.

Formalities

In case of your first-time arrival in Brazil, you have to arrange, although not in a pressing way, for proper clearance. The different departments are now all located in the town of Cabedelo ( easy access by the little train that stops in our village)

You have 2 working days for clearing formalities in the FOLLOWING order , whereby not just the skipper but the whole crew has to be present.

1. Federal police (immigration) Requirements : passports of all crew and the ships papers.

They will issue an individual tourist visa slip valid for 90 calendar days and in a second step for another 90 days if desirable or necessary. So, after all, you're only allowed to stay in Brazil for a total of 180 calendar days/year. At the time of clearing-in, a manifest with all the names of the whole crew will be issued. This document has to remain on board
Note : if some of the crew intend to leave before the scheduled sailing of the vessel, they only have to present themselves at the airport with their individual touris visa slip and their passports. Just make sure NOT to lose that visa slip as otherwise some serious hassle might pop up.

In case some of the crew intend to leave on another vessel, they have to present themselves, with their passport and tourist slip, together with the new skipper at the time of clearing out.

2. Customs (Alfandega)- ships'papers and the doc. delivered by the Federal Police.

3. Port Authorities (Capitania dos Portos) with the docs delivered under (1) & (2).

4. Health Authorities (Vigilancia Sanitaria)- with the compilation of everything plus vaccination docs if any.

DON' t reverse this order as you may have wasted a trip. If one of the authorities in the sequence isn't available, don't lose your temper, just go back the following day.

Locations and details :
The 4 authorities are all located inside the port of Cabedelo premises or just in front. The train station is quite near- get out on the right hand side, follow the street parallel to the tracks until the port area, turn right and the port entry is 200m away. Just ask for ?Policia Federal, then for Alfandega, afterwards for Capitania dos Portos and finally for Vigilancia Sanitaria.
Be aware that most offices close between 11.30 am and 2 pm. As with ALL official places in Brazil, the wearing of slacks is mandatory and when arriving in bermudas might have access refused.

Generally speaking, the Brazilians are very welcoming and the formalities usually don't result into a hassle. The only thing one has to bear in mind, is that time hasn't got the same value compared to the NW and NE Atlantic.

WHEN LEAVING :

  • Brazil : the same formalities, with the exception of the Health Authorities, have to be done in REVERSE order.
  • For another sailing destination in Brazil, one has to clear-out at customs first and then with immigration.

Visa extension :
As mentioned, one upon arrival receives automatically 90 days. If you need to stay longer, close to the end of the 90 d. one has to apply for for an extension of up to another 90 days with the Federal Police in downtown JOAO PESSOA . Bring with you passport(s), ship's papers and and entry paper and everybody concerned needs to be present. The charge is R$25/person, payable at the bank opposite the Fed's building whereupon with proof of payment one has to return to get the necessary stamps. They're open Monday-Friday 8am-6pm although it's safer to go well before 4 pm as all banks close at that hour.
Be aware:
1. Not to extend the 90 days before applying as everybody will be subject to a daily fine of 8R$/calendar day.

2. The 180 days are the maximum one is allowed to stay in the territory of Brazil in a given year.

Boat visa extension

Although your total stay in Brazil is limited to 180 days/year, your boat can be cleared to remain up to 2 years which allows you to go home or visit other Latin-American countries.
Before leaving, you have to go to the port authorities (Capitania dos Portos) in JOAO PESSOA with a certified declaration from the caretaker (marina); thereupon proceed to the Ministry of Finances (Receita Federal) in CABEDELO. Based upon the paper issued by the Port Authorities, they will issue a free laisser passer (void of all kind of import duties). Your only engagement is to declare that within the time-frame you will take the boat out of Brazil and to undertake that you will not sell part or the whole in Brazil.

6/04/2015
Update
Joëlle
N Brazil
Brazil - North
6/04/2015
Update
Joëlle

16/01/2008
Update

Le Brésil s'étend de l'équateur au tropique du capricorne et occupe une vaste zone le long de la côte E de l'Amérique du S. Le territoire brésilien comprend également un certain nombre d'îles ou d'îlots.

Peu développée jusqu'il y a quelques années, la plaisance brésilienne prend lentement son envol. Les bateaux à moteur représentent 80 à 90 % du marché , tandis que les "voileux" sont rares, mais assez dynamiques.

En ce qui concerne les mouillages, globalement les fonds accrochent bien.
Sur l'Amazone, durant l'été, pratiquement chaque jour amène son grain. Il peut être violent (40 à 50 nœuds) mais le risque de dégât est faible.
Les clubs nautiques sont souvent des clubs de VIP locaux.
Les marinas ont toujours un service de gardiennage 24 h sur 24. A l'entrée comme sur les pontons. Ceci est nécessaire, surtout lorsque la marina jouxte une favela.
Les installations portuaires sont très variables. Certaines marinas brésiliennes offrent parfois la gratuité des premiers jours à quai. Les prix sont très variables (on peut passer du simple au quadruple entre un port communal et une marina privée.)
Négocier est faisable, surtout pour un stationnement d'un mois ou plus.

Les marinas demandent les papiers du bateau et parfois les documents officiels d'entrée dans le pays.

Balisage:

On est en balisage IALA système B: vert à gauche et rouge à droite.

Formalités

Si vous touchez terre pour la première fois au Brésil, vous devrez faire les formalités d'entrée sans pour autant vous précipiter ; Les différents services sont maintenant tous regroupés á Cabedelo. (Accès facile par le petit train qui s'arrête au village)
Vous avez 2 jours, ouvrables, pour faire votre entré au pays, à la Police Fédérale (Immigration), puis aux douanes (« Alfandiga », à la « Receita Federal »), puis à la capitainerie (« Capitania dos Portos »), et enfin à la « Vigilancia Sanitaria » !...Mais ce délai reste assez « flexible », d'autant que tout le monde n'est pas forcément disponible sur le moment mais tout devrait être bouclé dans la semaine. Habillez-vous en pantalon, l'accés pourrait vous étre refusé si vous vous présentez en short...


Première étape

Policia Federal et immigration :
Ils sont situés dans l'enceinte du port de Cabedelo, dans le bâtiment juste à droite de la guérite d'entrée. Lorsqu'on arrive par la gare, sortir par la droite, suivre la parallèle à la voie ferrée jusqu'au port, puis suivez à droite : l'entrée du port est à 200 mètres. Les services d'immigration vous donneront un visa touristique de permanence au Brésil valable 3 mois ; il est renouvelable une fois ; c'est-à-dire que vous avez droit de rester au Brésil au maximum 6 mois par année calendaire. Si vous avez l'intention d'y laisser votre bateau en vous absentant du pays, vous pouvez demander une extension de séjour sous douane pour le bateau, laissé sous la garde d'une entité reconnue, qui peut aller jusqu'à 2 ans.


Deuxième étape

Alfândega (Receita Federal, inistério da Fazenda) (fermés entre midi et 2 h.)
Amenez avec vous la documentations reçue de l'Immigration.

En sortant du port, bien que la Capitania soit droit devant vous, tournez d'abord à votre droite pour trouver le bâtiment rouge brique de la Receita Federal sur votre droite, où vous devrez déclarer tout ce que vous avez et n'avez pas à bord!


Troisème étape

Capitania dos Portos :
En face de l'entrée du port.

Elle est ouverte jusqu'à 18h. et son rôle consiste essentiellement à garantir la sécurité de la navigation le long des côtes brésiliennes.Allez y avec les documents de tout l'équipage et du bateau. Lorsque sous quittez l'escale, notifiez quelconque changement d'équipage.

Quatrième étape

Vigilância Sanitaria :

Retournez dans l'enceinte du port, à côté du bâtiment de l'Immigration, munis de vos carnets de vaccination, pour répondre à un questionnaire et probablement prendre rendez-vous pour une visite à bord, sans grande complication, rassurez-vous.

D'une manière générale, le brésilien est extrêmement accueillant, et toutes ces formalités se passent de la meilleure façon, pour peu que vous réalisiez que la valeur du temps n'est probablement pas la même ici que de l'autre côté de l'Atlantique.

Sortie :
Si vous quittez le territoire Brésilien, vous devez refaire les mêmes formalités en sens inverse, sauf la Vigilance Sanitaire

Si vous quittez un port Brésilien pour un autre, il vous faut passer à la Capitainerie et á l'immigration.

Prolongation de visa :

Si vous avez besoin de rester plus de 3 mois au Brésil, vous devez aller demander au service d'Immigration de la Police Federal de Joao Pessoa une extension de votre visa initial, qui peut aller jusqu'à 90 jours. Ce service se trouve en centre ville, sur une petite place bordée de charmants vieux arbres, située en haut d'une rue marchande que vous trouverez sur la droite de la place de Lagoa
Tous les bus qui vont de Cabedelo à Joao Pessoa passent par Lagoa.
Emportez votre passeport, des papiers du bateau, et votre reçu d'Entré au Brésil ; vous aurez un formulaire à remplir, puis aurez une taxe de l'ordre de R$ 25,00 (par personne) à aller payer à la banque en face, après quoi vous devrez retourner au service d'Immigration pour y recevoir le tampon de votre nouveau visa (toutes les personnes concernées doivent être présentes). Bureaux ouverts de lundi à vendredi, de 8h à 16h, mais ferme entre 11h30 et 14 h.
Prolongation du « visa » du bateau :
Bien que votre séjour total au brésil ne puisse excéder 6 mois, votre bateau peut, lui, rester jusqu'à 2 ans, ce qui signifie que vous pouvez laisser le bateau pour visiter par voie terrestre ou aérienne d'autres pays d'Amérique latine, ou rentrer quelques mois dans votre pays d'origine, par exemple.

Pour ce faire, avant de quitter le Brésil, vous devez :
Aller à la Capitania dos Portos de Joao Pessoa munis d'une déclaration estampillée de l'entité reconnue (marina) qui a la garde de votre bateau et d'une procuration; puis passer à la Receta Federal de Cabedelo, qui, au vue de ce document visé par la Capitania, vous ferra une extension de droit de séjour sous douane de votre bateau (sans aucune taxe d'importation à payer), en vous sous engageant à revenir pour quitter le Brésil avec.
6/04/2015
Update
Joëlle
N Brazil
Brazil - North
6/04/2015
Update
Joëlle
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Localisation

To precisely geolocate this site. Update if necessary.
Sites around N Brazil
Flying distances - Direct line

Ilha de Maraca and ilha Jipioca (Amapa Brazil)

Maracá Ecological Station is an ecological station some 5 km offshore of the Brazilian town of Amapá, in the state of the same name, Amapá. The ecological station is entirely located on the 2 adjacent islands Ilha: de Maracá do Norte and Ilha ...
11 Jan 16

Port of Cameta (Para Brazil)

Stands on the W bank of the rio Tocantins, about 90 NM from Belem. The town is built on the river bank and is an important trade center. The tidal range is about 3m; the current attains a rate of about 2.5 knots.
11 Jan 16

Port of Vila Do Conde (Para Brazil)

Vila do Conde has a causeway extending 450m from the shore leading to a jetty which serves an aluminum factory. The outer berth is 292m long and is used for handling bulk cargo. The inner berth is 251m long and is used for handling general cargo and aluminum ingots. The depths alongside ...
11 Jan 16

Santarem harbor (Para Brazil)

Santarem harbor stands on the S side of the mouth of the Rio Tapajos, 1 NM S of Ponta Negra.

An L-shaped wharf lies 1.25 miles SW of Ponta Negra. Its outer face is 200m long, with a depth of about 10m alongside.
Small craft can berth on the 180m long inner section, which ...
11 Jan 16

Port of Belem (Para Brazil)

The port of Belem is the most important commercial port on the N coast of Brazil. The port is situated on the E bank of the Rio Para about 70 miles from its mouth. Communication is maintained with all inland Amazon ports.

This is the best port at which to enter Amazonia, but ...
11 Jan 16

Cabo Norte (Amapa Brazil)

Cabo Norte is the limit  of the estuary of the Amazon river. It is 19 NM from Ilha Jipioca.
The cape is low, wooded, and slightly higher than the neighboring coast.
11 Jan 16

Cabo Orange (N Brazil)

Cabo Orange (cape Orange) is a cape on the N coast of Brazil, separated from the coast of French Guiana by a large bay watered by the estuary of the Oyapock River Cape Orange is the northernmost point of the Brazilian state of Amapá. It is located in an area of tidal marshland protected ...
10 Jan 16

Îles du Salut (French Guiana)

Îles du Salut, 3 in number, are  located about 7 NM NE of Pointe Charlote.Ile du Diable, the northernmost, is 40m high. Ile Royale, 66m high, is the largest and westernmost, while Ile Saint-Joseph, only 30m high, is the southernmost.

On a clear day, the islands are visible ...
20 Jan 16

Port of Sao Luis (Maranhao Brazil)

The port of Sao Luishas silted up and has ceased to be important as a port after the construction of the port of Itaqui.
The port of Sao Luis is used mainly by fishing boats and pleasure craft. It has a few piers that allows mooring, but only at flood tide, to ships of 2,5 to 3,5 ...
24 Jan 16

Porto do Itaqui (Maranhao Brazil)

Located on the coast of São Luís, the state capital, the port has a deep access channel and berths, enabling the mooring of large ships.
Port of Itaqui is the largest cargo port in Brazil, near the city of São Luís, Maranhão. It is not to be confused with the city of Itaqui, ...
13 Jan 16

Île Saint-Joseph (French Guiana)

Anchorage can be taken in the bight formed by the S side of Ile Royale and the W side of Ile Saint-Joseph.
20 Jan 16

Devil's Island

Île du Diable part of Salut islands is better known as Devil's Island. The total area is 0.62 km2 (62 hectares) The islands were used as a penal colony from 1852 onwards, earning them a reputation for harshness and brutality. This system was gradually phased out and has been completely ...
20 Jan 16

Ile Royal (French Guiana)

Anchorage can be taken in the bight formed by the S side of Ile Royale in depths of about 9m soft mud, good shelter from the swell, and good holding .ground.

Caution: Alouette Bank, covered with 4.8m of water, lies about 1.7 miles NNW of Ile Royale. Depths of 3.5 to 5.5m lie ...
20 Jan 16

Port of Saint laurent du Maroni (French Guiana)

Port NW French Guiana, on the east bank of the Maroni River opposite Albina, Suriname. It was formerly headquarters of the country’s penal colonies and the site of the largest prison, closed in 1944. Apart from its port facilities, local economic activities include sawmilling, ...
21 Jan 16

Pointe Française ou Pointe des Hattes (French Guiana)

Pointe des Hattes marks the N limit of the French Guiana and the separation with Suriname country.
20 Jan 16

Marina Waterland Resort

Marina opened in 2012 on the Surinam river offering 12 berths.
2 Jun 19

New Amsterdam (Guyana)

Ferry port .
8 May 11

Fortaleza port (Ceara Brazil)

This is the most important city on the north coast and is also a busy fishing harbour.

For the unsuspecting, the bay is littered with wrecks (those not buoyed show above the water), and the water shallows quickly, so care should be taken on entry. Lights on the buoys can ...
12 Jan 16

Cabo de Sao Roque (Rio Grande do Norte)

sandy point, about 55m high, with vegetation on its summit. It is closest to the continent of Africa. It also marks the separation of French Guiana (where the coast is low and swampy) and the State of Rio Grande do Norte that offers to S, a massive coast with many coves and bays.

Finally, ...
6 Apr 15

Iate Clube do Natal (Rio Grande do Norte Brazil)

The Iate Clube do Natal marina is in the town of Monsenhor Gil (Brazil).

Visiting yachtsmen welcomed. Good general repair facilities. Water, showers (cold water), bar and restaurant. (Pool & recreational facilities not open to visitors). Wifi and laundry services available. ...
13 Jan 16

Porto do Natal (Rio Grande do Norte Brazil)

The port of Natal is situated at the mouth of the Rio Pontengi. The river flows into the sea through an opening in the barrier reef. The barrier reef forms a natural breakwater for the port.
The prevailing winds most of the year are from the ENE to SE.Formalities can be carried ...
13 Jan 16

Ponta da Tabatinga (Rio Grande do Norte Brazil)

Ponta da Tabatinga is about 18 miles SSE of Natal. It is of a reddish color and marked by a light.
7 Apr 15

Bahia Formosa (Rio Grande do Norte Brazil)

It is possible to anchor in baia Formosa, in depths of 7 to 9 m.
Sheltered from S and SE winds.
7 Apr 15

Cabo Bacopari (Rio Grande do Norte)

Cabo Bacopari closes baia Formosa and shows a light.
7 Apr 15
Local Area

SW Atlantic Ocean

Le relief sous-marin de l'Atlantique au Sud de l'équateur est beaucoup plus simple qu'au Nord.On y trouve la dorsale Médio-Atlantique,avec, en vis-à-vis des éléments de reliefs mentionnés,le bassin Brésilien , profond de 6000 à 7000 m, et le bassin Argentin, profond de 5000 ...
23 Mar 15

NE Brazil

Brazil is the only country in the world that lies on the equator while having contiguous territory outside the tropics. It occupies a large area along the E coast of S. America.
Brazilian territory also includes a number of islands and islets.Southern Brazil has subtropical or ...
6 Apr 15

S Brazil

The South Region of Brazil (Portuguese: Região Sul do Brasil) is one of the five regions of Brazil. It includes the states of Paraná, Santa Catarina and Rio Grande do Sul.
It is a great tourist, economic and cultural pole. It borders Uruguay, Argentina, and Paraguay as well ...
19 Jan 16

SE Brazil

The Southeast Region of Brazil  is composed by the states of Espírito Santo, Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo. It is the richest region of the country, responsible for approximately 60% of the Brazilian GDP. São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro and Minas Gerais are three richest ...
14 Jan 16

Uruguay

Type here the sea or coast description.
17 Jan 08

Argentina

The Argentine Sea (Spanish: Mar Argentino) refers to the sea within the continental shelf off the Argentine mainland. It is a term often related to the Argentine claims to both the Falkland Islands and the Antarctic Peninsula.
11 Sep 07
During your navigation, remember to update the data. If a harbor, marina or anchorage is missing, create it. Thank you for all boaters.