Sailing Guide

Mumbai (Bombay) (W India)

Mumbai (Bombay) (W India)



Depths in the approach to the coast between Mumbai (Bombay) and Cape Rama are fairly deep and clear of dangers, with the exception of Angria Bank.

Angria Bank, with a least depth of 20.1m in position 16°43'N, 72°03'E, lies about 65 miles off the coast, and is composed of sand, shells, and coral. The bank is steep-to on all sides, with great depths surrounding it. The tidal currents set NE across the bank during the flood and SW with the ebb, with a velocity of about 1 knot in spring tides.

A volcanic disturbance was reported observed (1949) in an area about 100 miles SW of Angria Bank. Vessels should approach this area with caution.

Caution.—Between Khanderi Island and Boria Point, about 80 miles SSE, fishing stakes and logs are liable to be encountered in depths up to 22m.

The city of Mumbai (Bombay), on Mumbai Island (Bombay Island), is the largest city of India and the principal seaport on its W coast.

Mumbai Harbor (Bombay Harbor) lies between Mumbai Island (Bombay Island) and Trombay Island to W and N, and Karanja Island and the mainland to E and S. It is the only natural deep-water port on the W coast of India. The harbor contains several islands, rocks, and shoals, with numerous bays and inlets indenting its shores.

The direction and management of the port, including pilotage, berthing, docking, and wharves, are administered by the Mumbai Port Trust. The daily operations of the port are carried out by the Chairman and Deputy Chairman.

The facilities of the port are mainly on the E side of Mumbai Island (Bombay Island). There are also tanker terminals at Pir Pau (Butcher Island) and at Jawahar Dweep (Trombay Island).


Visibility may be reduced by heavy rain during the Southwest Monsoon. A smoky haze frequently hangs over the area from November to March, mostly during the early morning and occasionally in the evening.


The tidal rise for Mumbai Harbor (Bombay Harbor) is 4.4m at MHWS and 3.3m at MHWN.

The velocity and direction of the tidal currents in the approaches to Mumbai (Bombay) are generally as described below, but they are greatly influenced by winds and heavy rains.

The tide does not set fairly through the channel, but the flood sweeps E over the foul ground of Thal Shoal. During rains in the Southwest Monsoon the ebb sets strongly W out of Dharamtar Creek.

The velocity of strong spring tides between Thal Shoal and Prongs Reef (18°53'N., 72°48'E.) is from 2.5 to 3 knots and perhaps as much as 4 knots during the rains.

Between Thal Shoal and a position about 4 miles WNW, the flood current sets between ESE and ENE, resulting in a more N direction as the velocity increases. In East Channel Swatch, E of Thal Shoal, it sets about NNE, taking a more E direction as it crosses the mouth of Dharamtar Creek.
Off the SW extremity of Prongs Reef, the flood current at first sets ESE and, as the velocity increases, shifts to the NE.
East of Prongs Reef, as far as Sunk Rock, it sets between NNE and NE.

On the S side of the harbor entrance the ebb current starts setting WSW across the mouth of Dharamtar Creek, changing to SSW upon the vessel’s approach to Thal Shoal, then more S as a vessel continues S.

From Thal Shoal extending WNW across the dredged approach channel to a position about 4 miles away, the current sets about SW.

On the N side of the harbor entrance, the current ebbs SW going from Sunk Rock until passing abeam Prongs Light, where it changes to W, then becoming SSW as the tide strengthens.

The velocity and direction of the tidal currents within Mumbai Harbor (Bombay Harbor) are generally as described below, but can also be greatly influenced by winds and heavy rains.

Tidal currents within Mumbai Harbor (Bombay Harbor) have velocities that range between 0.75 knot and 3 knots.
On the E side of the harbor, the flood current sets NE abeam Karanja Island, turning more ENE upon passing Karanja Beacon.
The current sets N between Butcher Island and Elephanta Island, then NE approaching Trombay Island.

On the W side of the harbor, from Sunk Rock to Cross Island, the flood current sets NNE, with a velocity of about 2 knots. The flood current splits N of Tucker Beacon (18°58'N., 72°51'E.), setting N until abeam Mazagaon Pier, then turning NE and ENE, joining the current from the E side of the harbor N of Butcher Island.

On the E side of the harbor, the ebb current sets SW in the channel between Butcher Island and Elephanta Island, continuing out of the harbor past Karanja Island, then turning WSW upon passing abeam the entrance Dharamtar Creek.

On the W side of the harbor, from Cross Island to inside Middle Ground Islet, the ebb current sets SSW, and then to Sunk Rock in a SW direction. From Cross Island to E of Middle Ground Islet, in mid-channel, the ebb current sets from SW to SSW; from there to Sunk Rock it sets SW, but at the first of the ebb the set is more W.

The ebb current on the W side of the harbor occurs 30 to 35 minutes earlier than on the E side, and during strong spring tides it can begin 40 minutes to 1 hour sooner.

From Trombay Island until passing abeam Mazagaon Pier the current ebbs SW.

Inshore and near the Indira Dock wall, during the Southwest Monsoon, the ebb current occurs about 45 minutes before the time of HW at Mumbai. This is important for vessels docking.

The ebb current sets SSW from abeam Cross Island until passing between Middle Ground Island and South Breakwater, whereas the ebb sets more S to SSW across the dredged channel and waters E of Middle Ground Island.

From Middle Ground Island to Sunk Rock, the ebb current sets between S and SSW, but at the start of the ebb the set is more W flowing.

The flood current in the vicinity of the tidal basin and wet docks runs parallel to the South Breakwater, then ENE past the entrance to the tidal basin, joining the main flood current setting N passing E of Middle Ground Island.

An eddy current flows S along the E side of Ballard Pier, then turns W into the tidal basin. This eddy current also flows close E to the head of South Breakwater before turning SW alongside the breakwater. The effects of this eddy have been observed up to 100m E of the SE extension of Ballard Pier.
Both the flood and eddy currents run strongly past the head of the South Breakwater, causing ships to sheer violently in this area.


Mumbai Harbor (Bombay Harbor) is approached through a series of dredged channels commencing about 4 miles SW of Prongs Reef Light. The initial depth is dredged to 11.1m for about 2 miles heading, then to 11m for about another 2 miles, then to 10.9m continuing into the harbor entrance to a point about 1.3 miles ENE of Middle Ground Island, then to 10.8m until the main channel, marked by range lights in line bearing 085°. The main channel continues S then SE of Elephanta Island, then passing NE of Jawaharlal Nehru
Port, and has a maintained depth of 11m. At the point where the main channel starts there is another dredged channel, with range lights in line bearing 202.7°, continuing NNE between Butcher Island and Elephanta Island, to about 18°58'N, then with a depth of 8.7m into Trombay Channel.

Mariners should navigate with caution through these maintained channels since they are subject to silting, especially during times of strong monsoon winds. For latest information concerning maintained depths of these channel, mariners should contact the Mumbai Port Authority.

The maximum drafts for alongside berths are subject to change due to siltation and dredging. The Port Authority at Mumbai should be contacted to determine the maximum allowable draft at any specific time, as well as any possible restrictions on berthing or departures during night hours.

The three enclosed wet docks in the harbor are named Indira, Victoria, and Prince’s. In addition to these wet docks, there are also, along the harbor front, many “bundars,” which are open wharves and basins that have extensive facilities for the working and storage of many different types of cargo.
Further information on these areas is, as follows:
1. Indira Dock is entered through an entrance lock, 228m in length and 30.5m in width. The entrance lock is located close NNW of Ballard Pier.
Hughes Drydock is entered from Indira Dock. It can accommodate vessels up to a maximum length of 304m, and 30.4m in width. The pumps in Hughes Drydock have been electrified and are capable of increasing the water level to 10.5m at all berths within Indira Dock at any time.
Ballard Pier is the continuation of the W side of Indira Dock entrance lock and is the main terminal for passenger vessels. The N part of the pier is for container vessel accommodation.
2. Victoria Dock is entered through a swinging lock gate from the E side for vessels with a maximum width of 16.76m. The maximum loa for vessels during the day is 152m and only 122m during the night. The maximum entry draft is 6.7m at all times.
There is a channel connecting this dock with Prince’s Dock that is 19.5m in width close N from the entrance.

3. Prince’s Dock is entered through a swinging lock gate with an entrance width of 20m and a dredged channel depth of 6.6m. The maximum width for a ship that can enter Prince’s Dock is 13.8m.
Ships can be taken into Prince’s Dock only from about 2 hours 45 minutes before the time of HW to 30 minutes after the time of HW. They cannot leave the dock after the time of HW because the ebb current commences in that vicinity about 90 minutes before the time of HW and sets directly down on to the reef N of Cross Island at about the time of HW.
There is a channel connecting this dock with Victoria Dock that is 19.5m in width close S from the entrance to Prince’s Dock.

General berthing information for the wet docks plus the deepwater petroleum and crude oil facilities at Butcher Island and Pir Pau in Trombay Channel are given in the accompanying table titled Mumbai (Bombay)—Berthing Facilities.

In Jawahar Dweep, loaded tankers are berthed at HW and two tugs are required to assist. It is compulsory to test astern power during the approach and before berthing at the terminal.
There is a turning circle, best shown on the chart, found close E of Berth JD-4.

Jawaharlal Nehru Port (Nhava Seva) is a separate port in the E part of Mumbai Harbor (Bombay Harbor) on the mainland SE of  Elephanta Island. The facility is administered by a separate port authority from Mumbai (Bombay). The port provides container berths, bulk cargo berths, and bulk liquid berths accommodating vessels to 80,000 dwt, a ship repairyard, and a linkspan for ro-ro traffic.

Mumbai (Bombay) (W India)
Mumbai (Bombay) (W India)
Mumbai (Bombay) (W India)
Mumbai (Bombay) (W India)
Caution.—In the approach to Mumbai (Bombay), either from N or S, lines of strong fishing stakes, surmounted by baskets, which project about 6.1m out of the water, may be encountered anywhere in depths up to 18.3m and sometimes up to 22m.

In the immediate approach to the harbor, within the area shown by dashed lines on the charts, no fishing stakes are permitted, but even within this area they are sometimes placed, and so may be encountered before the port authorities have been able to remove them. Occasionally the heads of the stakes are broken off at the waterline.and then they may not be seen above water.
All fishing stakes are normally removed each year for the duration of the Southwest Monsoon.

Caution is necessary in the harbor and its approaches as many buoys have been reported (2007) missing.
In 2001, it was reported that numerous fishing vessels were anchored directly in the inbound and outbound traffic lanes.

Numerous wrecks, best seen on chart, lie in the approaches, channels, and adjacent waters of the port of Mumbai (Bombay). Mariners should use caution while transiting these waters.

Heavy smog and haze may reduce the visibility in the harbor.
It was reported (2001) that heavy pollution and siltation in the harbor prevented the vessel’s depth finder from giving accurate readings.
A submarine exercise area is centered 67 miles W of the entrance to Mumbai (Bombay) Harbor. Another submarine exercise area is centered between the Fifty Fathoms Flat and Direction Bank, about 75 miles offshore.

Numerous small fishing vessels, with buoyed nets, are likely to be encountered up to 25 miles offshore from Mumbai (Bombay).

A depth of 23m was reported in 1987 close W of the 200m depth contour in approximate position 19°00'N, 69°55'E.
Mariners are advised not to anchor or fish near the pipelines to avoid damaging them.

Submarine oil and gas pipelines are laid from the SW point of Karanja Island, WSW through the entrance to Mumbai (Bombay) Harbor and then NW to Mumbai (Bombay) High Field.

Mumbai (Bombay) (W India)
Mumbai (Bombay) (W India)
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Sites around Mumbai (Bombay) (W India)
Flying distances - Direct line

Worli Point (W India)

The coast between Worli Point, the NW extremity of Bombay Island, and Malabar Point, about 5.3 miles SSW, is fringed by drying reefs and shoal water, with depths of less than 5.5m extending up to 1 mile offshore in the N part and about 0.5 mile off the S part.
A conspicuous TV ...
1 Mar 12

Dongri Point (W India)

Dongri Point, the S entrance point of Bassein Creek, is a bluff point as seen from seaward. It rises to an elevation of 94m about 0.5 mile S of the point, and then slopes gradually to level country about 2 miles farther S.
A light is shown from about mid-September to mid-June.Poshpir, ...
1 Mar 12

Korlai Point (W India)

Korlai Fort, on the S side of Kundalika River entrance, stands on the summit of a reddish-colored headland, connected to the mainland by a low, narrow, and sandy isthmus. The N part of this headland slopes gradually to the sea and terminates in a rocky point.
A light, with a racon, ...
2 Mar 12

Arnala island (W India)

Arnala Island, 4m high with a fort on it, lies about 0.5 mile offshore, and is fringed by rocks on all sides. Shoal water, with depths of less than 5m, extends about 1 mile W of the island. Arnala Island has been reported to give good radar returns at 27 miles.
Arnala Light is ...
1 Mar 12

Kumbaru Point (W India)

Kumbaru Point, 70m high, lies about 3.5 miles S of Nanwell Point and is the N entrance point of Kumbaru Bay. The point fronts densely wooded hills rising to about 240m; there is a conspicuous bluff about 2.3miles E of the point.
Shah Jehan Shoal, with a least depth of 4.2m, lies ...
2 Mar 12

Kumbaru bay (W India)

Anchorage, sheltered from NW winds, can be taken, in a depth of 3/5m, SE of Kumbaru Point, in Kumbaru bay.
2 Mar 12

Srivardhan point (W India)

Srivardhan Bay, about 5 miles SSE of Kumbaru Bay, is shallow and the village of Srivardhan lies at its head. A light is shown from the S end of the N entrance point of the bay fromSeptember to May.
2 Mar 12

Savitri River (W India)

The coast between the entrances of the Savitri River and the Vashishti River, about 25 miles SSE, consists of a series of plateaus at elevations of 150 to 210m.A vessel proceeding between the two rivers will not encounter any shoals by keeping from 1.5 to 3 miles offshore and in depths of over 9.1m.
2 Mar 12

Daman Point (W India)

Between Suvali Point and Daman, is an alluvial belt through which the Tapti River forms a deep and fertile delta.
Along the S part of this coast are small hillocks of drifted sand; the coastin some parts is watered by springs and covered with a thick growth of creepers and date ...
1 Mar 12

Tolkeshwar Point (W India)

Tolkeshwar Point, the S entrance point of the Vashisti River, is bold and faced with cliffs about 90m high; an ancient Hindu temple and a prominent clump of trees stand on its summit. 
2 Mar 12

Boria Bay (W India)

Boria Bay lies SE of Boria Headland. Anchorage, sheltered from NW winds, may be obtained by small vessels, in a depth of 8m, mud.
The coast between Boria Headland and Bhandarawadi Point, 3.5 miles SSE, is composed of small, sandy bays divided by rocky points.
2 Mar 12

Jaigarh Head (W India)

Jaigarh Head has Karateshwar Point at its NW extremity; this point appears from seaward to be a level and almost barren plateau terminating in steep rocky cliffs. A Hindu temple stands on the steep face of the cliffs. Jaigarh Head has been reported to be a good radar target at 20 ...
2 Mar 12
Local Area

West coast of India

Between Diu Head (from N) and Cape Rama (to S), there is the gulf of Cambay and the largest sea-port on the W coast of India, the port of Mumbai (Bombay), the largest seaport on the W coast of India.
An extensive offshore area is being developed for oil production.
Numerous ...
20 Mar 12

Arabian Sea

Arabian Sea
The Arabian Sea is a northwestern extension of the Indian Ocean, positioned between India, Oman, Pakistan and Yemen, and Cape Guardafui in far northeastern Somalia. The sea connects with the Persian Gulf through the Gulf of Oman and the Strait of Hormuz. In the southwest, ...
23 Dec 07

Indian Ocean

The Indian Ocean is the third largest of the world's oceanic divisions, covering about 20% of the Earth's water surface. It is bounded on the north by Asia (including the Indian subcontinent, after which it is named); on the west by Africa; on the east by Indochina, the Sunda Islands, ...
6 Apr 12

Gulf of Cambay (W India)

The Gulf of Cambay is about 30 miles wide at its entrance between Gopnath Point and Suvali Point.
Malacca Banks, with deep channels to the W and E, lie in the fairway of the approach.
Grant Channel and Sutherland Channel are safer to use than the channels between the banks, ...
1 Mar 12

St George's Islands (W India)

St George’s Islands consists of three islands between 1.5 and 2.5 miles SSW of Marmagao Head.
Grandi Island is the collective name of the two S islands of the group, which are connected by a narrow reef of rock and shingle.
The W of the two islands, 76m high and conical, is ...
4 Mar 12

Karwar Bay (W India)

Karwar Bay is entered between Dayamada Point, the N entrance point of Kalinadi Creek, and Badchidhar Point, the NW extremity of Karwar Head, about 2.8 miles SSW. Karwar Head, with an elevation of 207m, is covered with dense jungle.
The entrance leading to Kalinadi Creek is much ...
5 Mar 12
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