Sailing Guide





Montenegro, called "the pearl of the Mediterranean" is located in the Balkans. This is an area of relatively rectangular shape, bounded on the south by the Adriatic Sea to the west by Croatia and Bosnia-Herzegovina, Serbia by the North, North-East in Kosovo and finally in the South East by Albania.

Although having a wide outlet to the sea (295 km of coastline), the country has no major port because of a very rugged coastline.

The Gulf of Kotor or Kotor Bay, is a huge spectacular bay, almost closed, consists of three basins lined with villages and dominated by high mountains, some of which reach 1000 m.
The bottom is mostly mud near the middle of the basins and sand, mud, and shells near the shores.

S of Montenegro Bar is the main port of Montenegro.

Tides and currents:

The tidal range in this region is low (about 30 cm). Tidal currents are weak and are not normally visible.
The circular flow is NW and varies from 0.5 to 2 knots in good weather. The strength and direction of this current are influenced by the strength and direction of wind. Winds from SW, the direction of current flows to the NE, which will tend to carry the boats to the coast.
A stream flowing off sometimes occurs at the entrance to Kotor Bay, the sea can be rough when there is a stream flowing offshore to where it meets the current circular on the NW.


In this region the winds tend to be deflected by the high mountains near the coast, especially in the S. They are usually SE or NW. Sea breezes, adopted by the mountains, reinforcing the prevailing winds. This may be a wind NW force 3 to force 5 in the afternoon. The wind normally falls during the evening, leaving a choppy sea. Although the winds are most common N in summer, there are periods of SE winds.
This region is subject to katabatic winds. They are stronger in winter, when mild temperatures at sea level coupled with very low temperatures in the mountains can create strong local winds (Bora). Katabatic winds also occur in summer, with the effects of "downs" running down the mountains.
Especially the Bora blows violently Bar. In the Bay of Kotor, the strongest winds occur in the Bay of Risan.

Le Monténégro, appelé "la perle de la Méditerrané",  est situé dans les Balkans. C'est un territoire de forme relativement rectangulaire, bordé au Sud par la mer Adriatique, à l'Ouest par la Croatie et la Bosnie-Herzégovine, au Nord par la Serbie, au Nord-Est par le Kosovo et enfin au Sud-Est par l'Albanie.

Bien que disposant d'un large débouché sur la mer (295 km de côte), le pays ne dispose pas de port important en raison d'un littoral très accidenté.

Le golfe de Kotor ou Bouches de Kotor, est une immense baie spectaculaire, pratiquement fermée, constituée de trois bassins bordés de hameaux et dominés par de hautes montagnes dont certaines atteignent 1000 m.
Les fonds sont généralement boueux au centre des bassins et près des rivages ils sont formés d'un mélange de sable, boue et coquillages.

Au S du Monténégro, Bar est le port principal du Monténégro.

Marées et courants:

Le marnage dans cette région est faible (environ 30 cm). Les courants de marée sont faibles et ne sont normalement pas perceptibles.
Le courant circulaire porte au NW et varie de 0,5 à 2 nœuds par beau temps. La force et la direction de ce courant sont influencés par la force et la direction du vent. Par vent de SW, la direction du courant passe au NE, ce qui aura tendance à porter les bateaux à la côte.

Un courant portant au large se rencontre parfois à l'entrée des Bouches de Kotor, la mer peut être agitée lorsqu'il existe un courant portant au large, à l'endroit où il rencontre le courant circulaire portant au NW.


Dans cette région les vents ont tendance à être défléchis par les hautes montagnes toutes proches de la côte, en particulier dans le S. Ils sont donc d'habitude NW ou SE. Les brises de mer, arrêtées par les montagnes, renforcent les vents dominants. Cela peut faire passer un vent de NW de force 3 à force 5 l'après-midi. Le vent tombe normalement durant la soirée, laissant une mer agitée. Bien que les vents du N soient plus courants en été, il y a des périodes de vents de SE.
Cette région est sujette aux vents catabatiques. Ils sont plus forts en hiver, où des températures douces au niveau de la mer couplées à de très basses températures dans les montagnes peuvent créer des forts vents locaux (Bora). Des vents catabatiques se rencontrent aussi en été, avec des effets de "rabattants" dévalant les montagnes.
La Bora souffle particulièrement violemment à Bar. Dans les Bouches de Kotor, les vents les plus forts se produisent dans la baie de Risan.

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Sites around Montenegro
Flying distances - Direct line

Boka Kotorska

The Bay of Kotor (Serbian:Boka kotorska; Croatian: Boka Kotorska; Italian: Bocche di Cattaro) in southwestern Montenegro, is a winding bay on the Adriatic Sea. With the exception of the area of coast between Rt Ostra and Rt Kobila the Bay of Kotor are part of Montenegro.
Prevlaka ...
12 Apr 11

Tivaski Zaliv

The middle bay of Boka Kotorska, is connected to Topaljski Zaliv by Kumborski Strait, a deep passage.
This bay is steep and rocky on its S side, but the NE and NW shores, which are backed by mountains, are low and cultivated.
Uvala Kukuljina and UvalaKrtole, separated from each ...
12 Apr 11

Sutomorski Zaljev

This wide bay is located 3 NM NW of Bar. Bordered by a sandy beach, is open to the S and SW. The village of Sutomore is at the bottom of the bay.
The bay is distinguished by its red cliffs S of village.
You can anchor in good time for the lunch, by 5 m.
5 Apr 11

Uvala Canj

Uvala Canj is about 4 NM Sutomorski and can also be a nice anchor for lunch, weather permitting.
We anchor by 4 m.
5 Apr 11

Luka Petrovac Na Moru

Petrovac is easily identifiable thanks to two small islands (Katic and Sveta Nedjelja with a small church) located at S.
Coming from the S it is possible to pass between the islands and the mainland (9 m deep) but beware Katic Pl.
We moored alongside the wharf outside because ...
5 Apr 11

Luka Bar

Bar is a commercial port, the country's main port and a port of entry that provides a good shelter.
The approach is simple and Bar Harbour is easily identifiable by day or night. The harbor entrance is 0.8 NM to NNE of Cape Volujica. A marina is located to the east of the port ...
8 Apr 11

Sveti Stefan

08 Mar 2010 19:01Comment: marceluisalonsomarceluisalonsoa nice place to stay
Formerly a fishing village, Sveti Stefan has been converted to an exclusive resort. Although it is closed, its beauty can also be appreciated from a distance. And beautiful it is!
We anchor E of the ...
5 Apr 11

Uvala Zavala

Anchoring for lunch at the W of Rt Zavala, N of Budvanska Zaljev.
We approach the bay, passing S O. Sv Nikola. On the W coast of the bay, a short chain of submerged rocks from the N of the island, connecting virtually it to the mainland.
We anchored in 8 m of water.
Good ...
5 Apr 11

Marina Budva

The town of Budva is easily identifiable by the island Sv Nikola, SE. The harbor is sheltered from all winds, but it can be hard to come by strong sea breezes.
You can go to the dock, after asking permission to anchor in the harbor or 4 m NE of the extension of the marina by staying ...
7 Apr 11

Uvala Valdanos

This large deep bay, at 3 M NW of Ulcinj, is open to the NW. It is surrounded by wooded hills rising to 389 m NE. Basically there is a beach lined with evergreens.
The bay is a lighthouse on Rt Mendras, the tip S of the entrance.
Is wetted by 4-7 m on the S side of the bay because ...
5 Apr 11


Ulcinj is the southernmost city at Montenegrin coast, 8.5 NM at the northern Albanian border formed by the river Bojama (or Lum Buena). This small town is walled and fortified. It stands in the form of an amphitheater and is conspicuous from seaward.
The port is located in an open ...
5 Apr 11

Luka Bigova

Bigova offers good protection.
We moored alongside inside the dock or anchor by 4 m.
Behind the quay good protection.
7 Apr 11
Local Area

Adriatic East

Winds—WeatherBora is the name of the cold and dry NE or N wind which blows with great strength and affects the Adriatic Sea in the cool season. It is much less frequent and generally much weaker in summer. This wind is felt strongly along both sides of the Adriatic and is especially ...
30 Jul 11

Adriatic Sea

The Adriatic Sea is a body of water separating the Italian Peninsula from the Balkan peninsula, and is a part of the Mediterranean Sea. The western coast is Italian, while the eastern coast runs mostly along Croatia, but lesser parts belong to Slovenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, ...
16 Jul 12

Méditerranée - Mediterranean

La Méditerranée est reliée à l'océan Atlantique par le détroit de Gibraltar à l'ouest, à la mer de Marmara et à la mer Noire par les Dardanelles et le Bosphore à l'est. Le canal de Suez au sud-est relie la Méditerranée à la mer Rouge.
Îles méditerranéennesLes principales ...
13 Mar 15


L’Albanie tourne toujours le dos à la mer : le pays ne dispose que de quatre ports de commerce, à l’activité fort réduite. Les projets de privatisation et de modernisation de ces ports sont toujours en attente, et rien n’est fait pour favoriser le tourisme nautique.
8 Aug 11


Winds:Do not underestimate the winds, especially bura (bora) in the Gulf of Kvarner and the Velebit channel. Other winds are more "lenient" but their strength varies in intensity from north to south along the coast. For example, the "Mistral" (Mistral) which is especially nice ...
19 Aug 11
During your navigation, remember to update the data. If a harbor, marina or anchorage is missing, create it. Thank you for all boaters.