Sailing Guide

From Arica to Punta Lengua de Vaca (N Chile)

From Arica to Punta Lengua de Vaca (N Chile)

Characteristics

Description

Along this coast there are many large and small bays, many points. Many islets and rocks border the coast.
Almost the entire length of the coast is invaded by a desert. The Andes Cordillera advances to the seaand gives a very high and steep coast. There are many natural harbors along the coast. The Loa River, N Chileno tip is the only river that runs through the desert and reached the sea in all seasons.

Generally, the sea fronting this coast is deep but there are many underwater hazards along this coast. Many benches, 2 NM off, often beyond they. We must be very careful because these hazards are not always on the charts.

The geographic positions given in this sector have been obtained from the latest available Chilean charts and may differ as much as 1.2 miles S, 3.5 miles N, or 2 miles E from their charted positions.

Antofagasta is the largest port in northern Chile. The ports of Arica, Iquique, Tocopilla, Taltal, Chanaral, Caldera, Huasco, and Coquimbo are important. In addition, there are a number of smaller roadsteads and ore-loading ports.

The principal points, islands, and harbors are lighted. Fog occurs along this coast at infrequent intervals.

The currents off the coast of Chile are influenced by the Peru Current (or Humboldt curant). In general, this fresh current sets N parallel to the coast at a velocity of 0.5 knot. It sets slightly stronger from May to October than from November to April. The current is generally stronger near the land than at sea.

12/12/2012
Update
Joëlle
Le long de cette côte on trouvent de nombreuses grandes et petites baies, plusieurs pointes. De nombreux îlots et rochers bordent la côte.
Presque toute la longueur de cette côte est envahie par un désert. La Cordillère des Andes s'avance jusqu'à la mer et donne une côte très haute et raide. Il y a de nombreux ports naturels le long de la côte. La rivière Loa, au N de la pointe Chileno, est la seule rivière qui traverse le désert et atteint la mer durant toutes les saisons. 

En général, la profondeur est grande mais de nombreux dangers sous-marins bordent cette côte. De nombreux bancs, à 2 MN au large, débordent souvent celle-ci. Il faut être très prudent car ces dangers ne figurent pas toujours sur les cartes.

Les positions géographiques données dans ce secteur viennent de cartes chiliennes et diffèrent d'environ 1,2 MN au S et 2 MN à l'E des positions réelles. Des dangers non cartographiés peuvent exister. 

Antofagasta est le plus grand port du N du Chili. Ceux d'Arica, Iquique, Tocopilla, Talfal, Chanaral, Caldera, Huasco et Coquimbo sont importants. On trouve aussi des petits ports de chargement de minerai.
Les principales pointes, îles et les principaux ports sont éclairés car le brouillard sévit le long de cette côte, à intervalle régulier.

Les courants chiliens sont influencés par le courant du Pérou (ou courant de Humboldt). En général ce courant frais vient du N, parallèle à la côte, à une vitesse de 0,5 noeuds. Il augmente plus fortement de Mai à Octobre et plus près des côtes qu'en pleine mer.



12/12/2012
Update
Joëlle
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Localisation

To precisely geolocate this site. Update if necessary.
Sites around From Arica to Punta Lengua de Vaca (N Chile)
Flying distances - Direct line

Bahia Nuestra Senora (Antofagasta N chile)

Bahia Nuestra Senora recedes about 4 NM E between Punta Grande and Punta Taltal, about 16 NM S.Rocks and reefs, which extend about 0,5 NM offshore, are scattered along the shores of the bay.
27 Dec 12

Bahia Mejillones del Sur (Antofagasta N Chile)

Bahia Mejillones is entered between Punta Chacaya and Punta Angamos.The approaches to the bay are clearly depicted by radar from a distance of about 30 miles. Punta Angamos, Punta Chacaya, Morro Mejillones, and Tetas de Mejillones serve as excellent radar landmarks.
Morro Mejillones ...
20 Dec 12

Bahia Isla Blanca (Antofagasta N Chile)

Bahia Isla Blanca recedes about 3 NM SE between Punta Taltal and Punta San Pedro, about 9 NM SW. The shores of the bay are rocky and there are no anchorages. A number of white islets lie off a steep, prominent point on the SE side of the bay. Reefs extend about 0.5 NM from the ...
28 Dec 12

Bahia Moreno (Antofagasta N Chile)

Bahia Moreno lies between Punta Jorge and isla Guaman, about 7.5 miles ESE. Except for a sandy beach at the head of the bay, the shores are formed by rocky cliffs.
23 Dec 12

Bahia Salado (Atacama N Chile)

Bahia Salado is located between Punta Salado and Punta Cachos to S.
The shores of the bay are generally fringed with rocks, most of which are above water.
There are several coves and inlets in this bay.
10 Jan 13

Bahia Chanaral Las Animas (Atacama N Chile)

The wide Chanaral de Las Animas bay lies from N to Punta Achurra and S to Punta Las Animas.
A long white sandy beach borders the bay shore that is exposed and open at the surf.
On the S side of the bay, hills rise abruptly from the sea forming an excellent shelter from S winds.
Chanaral ...
29 Dec 12

Punta Grande (S Antofagasta N Chile)

Punta Grande, S antofagasta, appears high and rounded when viewed from the SW. It terminates in a low steep bluff, on which are several hummocks. The point is surrounded by rocks to about 0,8 NM offshore.
26 Dec 12

Punta Tetas (Antofagasta N Chile)

Punta Tetas is the SW extremity of Peninsula Moreno. The point is of moderate height, rocky,and arid.
Punta Tetas is free of off-lying dangers and a light is shown from it.
23 Dec 12

Isla Santa Maria (Antofagasta N Chile)

Santa Maria island is between caleta Constitucion and caleta Errazuriz.
Reefs extend a little over 0.5 mile SSW from the S side of the island and up to 0.3 mile from all other sides.
22 Dec 12

Punta Jorge (Antofagasta Chile)

Punta Jorge lies at about 4 NM S Punta Tetas and it is the N point of Moreno Bay.
23 Dec 12

Caleta Errazuriz (Antofagasta N Chile)

Caleta Errazuriz is S Santa Maria island.
The channel between the reefs, which extend SSW from the island and those with extend about 0,3 NM N from the W entrance point of the cove, is about 0,3 NM wide and has depths over 27,4 m.
22 Dec 12

Puerto de Antofagasta (N Chile)

Antofagasta lies E side of Rada de  Antofagasta. It is the larger commercial port of N Chile. A large part of the import-export trade of Bolivia passes through the port. Bolivia maintains a customhouse here. The harbor is well-protected and large vessels berth alongside ...
26 Dec 12

Caleta Abtao (Antofagasta N Chile)

Caleta Abtao is W Moreno bay.
The cove is well-sheltered and has little or no swell.We can anchor at about 0,3 NM of the S entrance, in 17 m.
23 Dec 12

Caleta Constitucion (Antofagasta N Chile)

Caleta Constitucion is entered NE of isla Santa Maria.
The entrance between the reefs, which extend N from the island and those which extend about 0.3 NM S from the N entrance point, is about 0.5 NM wide and has a least depth of 13.7m. A channel, about 180 m wide at its narrowest ...
22 Dec 12

Punta Taltal (Antofagasta N Chile)

Punta Taltal, S point of the Nuestra Senora bay, is low.
Taltal point is NE of the point.Islote Afuera, with a rock close N of it, lies on a reef which extends about 0.2 NM N from the point.
28 Dec 12

Punta San Pedro (Atacama N Chile)

Punta San Pedro is the S point of Isla Blanca bay. It is steep and has a conspicuous high, round hummock a short distance inland.
Reefs extend about 0.5 NM from the N side of the point. The W side of the point has rocks which extend about 0.3 NM offshore.
28 Dec 12

Ensenada Las Tortoras (Atacama N Chile)

Close N of Punta Tortolas, is a narrow cove where vessels load copper ore. The anchorage in the cove offers a depth of 11m.
28 Dec 12

Punta Tortola (Atacama N Chile)

Punta Tortola, at about 3 NM SSW of punta San Pedro, has the appearance of an island, but it is joined to the shore by a low shingle spit. 
The summit of Punta Tortolas is steep and has several sharp peaks on it. 
28 Dec 12

Punta Lagartos (Antofagasta N Chile)

The Punta Lagartos is in front of a bank (banco Lagartos) that lies at 0,5 NM from it.
Islote Lagartos is at about the center of the bank. the islet is 4,9 to 5,8 m high. It is rock covered with white shells and can be recognized for 3 NM.Rocks extend some distance NW and S from ...
22 Dec 12

Isla Guaman (Antofagasta N Chile)

Isla Guaman is about 21.9m high and white. Rocks extend nearly 0.1 mile NW from the NW end of the island and shoals extend about 91m off all other sides of the island. It is connected to the mainland by a causeway.A beacon, 6m high, equipped with a can-shaped topmark with red ...
23 Dec 12

Caleta La Chimba (Antofagasta N Chile)

Caleta La Chimba lies NE of Isla Guaman and is protected from the S by a causeway joining the island to the mainland.
There are depths of 25 m in the entrance, which decrease to about 9 m about 0.2 NM from the head of the cove. 
Beware, above-water rocks lie about 0.3 NM ...
23 Dec 12

La Loberia y La Portada (Antofagasta N Chile)

La Loberia, a group of above-water rocks, and La Portada, an above-water rock, lie close offshore along the NE shore of Bahia Moreno.
23 Dec 12

Punta Ballenita (Atacama N Chile)

Punta Ballenita is 46 m high.Tope Blanco islet, which has a white summit, lies about 1 NM W of the point.The passage between the island and the point is not recommended for navigation.
28 Dec 12

Punta Ballena (Atacama N Chile)

Punta Ballena is about 4,5 NM S of Punta Ballenita.
Numerous small rocky islets lie close off the point.
28 Dec 12
Local Area

Chile

Chile, on the Pacific coast of  S America, is defined by Peru at N, Bolivia at NE and Argentina at E. It extends over 4,300 km long, from Peru to Cape Horn, and 175 km wide on average (350 km to the level of Antofagasta and to the Tropic ...
11 Dec 12

SE Pacific Ocean

Pacific Ocean, largest and deepest of the world's five oceans, covering more than a third of the earth's surface and containing more than half of its free water. The part south of the equator is called the South
Pacific. The name Pacific, which means peaceful, was given to it by ...
13 Jan 09

Isla San Ambrosio (Chile)

La isla de san Ambrosio es una isla situada en el océano Pacífico, forma parte de las islas Desventuradas las cuales pertenecen a Chile, tiene una superficie de 2,2 km². Fue descubierta por Hernando de Magallanes en 1520 y administrativamente pertenece a la comuna de Valparaíso.1
1 Jan 13

Isla San Félix (Chile)

La Isla San Félix es una isla chilena ubicada a 892 km al oeste de la costa chilena frente al puerto de Chañaral, con una superficie de 1,4 km². Forma parte de las Islas Desventuradas y pertenece administrativamente a la comuna de Valparaíso.
3 Sep 17

Isla Robinson Crusoe

Robinson Crusoe Island (Spanish: Isla Robinson Crusoe), formerly known as Más a Tierra (Closer to land), or Aguas Buenas, is the largest island of the Chilean Juan Fernández Archipelago, situated 674 km (419 mi) west of South America in the South Pacific Ocean. The archipelago ...
1 Jan 13

Isla Santa Clara (Chile)

La isla Santa Clara en una pequeña isla de Chile que forma parte del archipiélago Juan Fernández. Tiene una superficie de 5 km². Está ubicada a tan solo 1NM al suroeste de la isla Robinson Crusoe.
1 Jan 13
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