Sailing Guide

East Coast of India

East Coast of India



India, or the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south and the Bay of Bengal on the south-east, it shares land borders with China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north-east; and Burma and Bangladesh to the east.

In the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives; in addition, India's Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand and Indonesia.

This sector describes the E coast of India, from Point Calimere to Balisahi Point, and includes the Coromandel Coast and the Orissa coast within its limits; Chennai (Madras) and Vishakhapatnam are the main harbors. 

The E coast of India, from Point Calimere N to Cocanada, is about 500 miles long and is known as the Coromandel Coast.
That part of the coast between Cocanada and Balisahi Point, about 364 miles NE, is known as the Orissa Coast.

The low sandy coast fronting the W side of the Bay of Bengal is exposed to a very heavy surf. As a result, there is little or no shelter provided for vessels other than small craft.
The harbors at Chennai and Vishakhapatnam are the only large ports providing shelter and berthing facilities for all classes of vessels.
The coast S of Chennai appears to have been encroached upon by the sea to a considerable extent.

Between Pondicherry and Chennai, scattered hills rise to heights of 46 to 198m, at distances of 2 to 16 miles inland. Similar hills lie in the vicinity of Nellore, and as far N as the Gundlakamma River.

Between Godavari Point and Shortt Island, about 360 miles NE, the coast is low and barren in places and relatively high and densely wooded in other places. With the exception of Cocanada and False Bays, there are no indentations of any appreciable size.

The depth curves generally parallel the coast with the 200m curves lying about 15 to 25 miles offshore between Godavari Point and the mouth of the Devi River.


Changes in the monsoons are usually accompanied by bad weather. Cyclonic storms, although rare, sometimes occur near the middle of November or the beginning of April. The rainy season commences toward the end of June and ends in the latter part of November.


The direct effect of the Northeast Monsoon and the Southwest Monsoon winds on the surface waters of the Bay of Bengal is the development of seasonal currents in opposite directions.
Along the E coast of India, on the W side of the bay, it is not unusual to experience currents setting with velocities of 2 to 3 knots. From February through May, a strong current sets to the N, and from September through December, a similar current setting to the S may be experienced. A survey party found currents with velocities of 1 to 2 knots outside the 45m curve, less current between the 35 and 18m curves, and little or no current inside the latter curve. Close to the shore, the current was occasionally reversed.

When the current was setting to the N in the offing, a set out of Palk Strait was usually found, and presumably the reverse takes place when the current sets to the S. Tidal currents are experienced close offshore and they vary the strength of the current in the neighborhood of Middle Banks in Palk Strait.

East Coast of  India
East Coast of India
chittagong port anchorage area
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Sites around East Coast of India
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Coromandel coast (E India)

The Coromandel Coast is the name given to the southeastern coast of the Indian Subcontinent between Cape Comorin and False Divi Point.
It may also include the southeastern coast of the island of Sri Lanka.
The coast is generally low, and punctuated by the deltas of several large ...
23 Mar 12

Hugli (Hooghly) River (NE India)

India’s Hugli River (sometimes spelled "Hooghly") is a Ganges River distributary, one of the many branches of the river that are collectively known as the "Mouths of the Ganges".Vessels entering the Hugli River approach Eastern Channel Light Vessel, which is moored about 46.5 ...
24 Jun 13

Paluru to Chilka mouth (Orissa-NE India)

A low beach of sand hills extends 32 miles NE from Paluru Bluff to Chilka Mouth, the entrance of Chilka Lake. There are few landmarks found along this part of the coast.
Mita Kua Bungalow, a small white house on a sand hill close to the coast about 20 miles ENE of Paluru Bluff, ...
19 Apr 12

False Bay (Orissa-NE India)

False Bay lies between Nurrea Banga Nassi and Maipura Point, about 20 miles NE, at the entrance of the Maipura River.
Depths in the bay decrease gradually toward the shore over a bottom of olive-green mud, in the S part, to a bottom of sand and mud, in the N part.
The shore ...
24 Apr 12

Kakinada (Cocanada) bay (Andhra Pradesh-E India)

Cocanada Bay (Kakinada Bay), a shallow body of water filled with extensive drying mud flats at its head, is entered between Godavari Point and the coast about 2.8 miles WNW.
For many years the bay has been silting up because of the discharge from the Godavari River, about 8 miles ...
4 Apr 12

Hope Island (Andhra Pradesh-E India)

Hope Island (16 km long sand spit from the sand carried by the waters of Godavari delta), one of a chain of similar islands which form part of the delta of the Godavari River, is low, swampy, and covered with jungle.
The area between Kakinada coast and Hope Island is known as Kakinada ...
28 Mar 12

Sacramento Shoal (Andhra Pradesh-E India)

Sacramento Shoal, hard shifting sand, lies off the entrance to the Guatami Godavari and extends about 4 miles SE and 3.5 miles E from Sacramento Light.
Depths over this breaking shoal range from 2.7 to 5.5m. This shoal is subject to frequent changes in position and depth.TidesThe ...
11 Jul 12

Gangavaram port (Andhra Pradesh-NE India)

Gangavaram Port is located at Visakhapatnam, the industrial nerve center of Andhra Pradesh. The coast here forms a bay between Yarada Hill at north and Mukkoma Hill at south. A creek in between these two hills forms Balacheruvu Lagoon, where the natural port of Gangavaram has ...
5 Apr 12

Pigeon Island Gangavaram (Andhra Pradesh-NE India)

Pigeon Islet, 21m high and rocky, lies in a small bay 5 miles NE of Kutu Konda.
5 Apr 12

Dolphin's Nose (Andhra Pradesh-NE India)

Dolphin’s Nose, a bluff headland 163m high, is conspicuous when viewed from the NE or SW. A lighthouse with a racon, two radio masts, and a flagstaff stand on Dolphin’s Nose.Dolphin’s Nose has been reported to be a good radar target up to 17 miles.Caution: A wreck lies about ...
5 Apr 12

Visakhapatnam port (Andhra Pradesh-NE India)

Vishakhapatnam, a port of growing importance and the fourth largest port in India, lies at the mouth of the Meghadri River, close NW of Dolphin’s Nose.
Petroleum and iron ore products are the principal exports.
The only shipyard in India capable of building ocean-going merchant ...
5 Apr 12


1 Jan 70

Vizag military harbour (Andhra Pradesh-NE India)

The city was so important during times of war that the Indian government decided to set up the Eastern Naval Command, overlooking the more populous Chennai and Kolkata, and developed Visakhapatnam during that period. 
The establishment of the E.N.C. soon after the construction ...
9 Apr 12

Pudimadaka lighthouse (Andhra Pradesh-NE India)

Pudimadaka Village lies on the shore of a bight about 4 miles NE of Rambilli Beacon. A red stone temple, with three towers, lies in the village.The light was commissioned on 21st January 1971 and renovated in 1991. The lighthouse was on a masonry tower of 26 meters height. It has ...
5 Apr 12

Narasapur Point (Andhra Pradesh-E India)

Narasapur Point, low and wooded, lies on the E side of the mouth of the Vasishta Godavari, which is the southernmost branch of the Godavari River.
An obelisk, 24.4m high, lies about 1 mile N of the point.
During January and February, the current sets W at a maximum rate of 2 ...
28 Mar 12

Godavari point (Andhra Pradesh-E India)

Godavari Point is the N extremity of a low sandy spit and narrow sand bank, which forms a part of the coast N of Hope Island.
The coast between the mouth of the Gautami Godavari and Godavari Point, about 24 miles to the N, is very low and intersected by many small outlets. The ...
11 Jul 12

Kakinada fishing harbour (Andhra Pradesh-EIndia)

The port of Cocanada comprises a partly-exposed anchorage located about 3 to 4 miles NNE of the entrance of the Cocanada River and is suitable for ocean-going vessels; cargo is transported by lighters between the anchorage and the wharves on the river bank abreast of the town.Tidal ...
4 Apr 12

Vakalapudi Lighthouse (Andhra Pradesh-NE India)

Vakalapudi Lighthouse is situated about 10 Km north east from Kakinada (Cocanada) town.
It is a tower 23 m high circular masonry tower red and white bands.
The coast, up to 10 miles NE of Vakalapudi, is low and marked by numerous villages and coconut trees. Low sand hills then ...
5 Apr 12

Nagayalanka Lighthouse (Andra Pradesh-E India)

Nagayalanka Lighthouse, 15 m hidh, lies 2.3 miles NW of Divi Point and is maintained as a landmark.
The station is situated near the mouths of Krishna river. There is a masonry retaining wall, which serves as jetty. A cement concrete path way for 500 m from the Lighthouse station ...
28 Mar 12

Bhimunipatnam (Andhra Pradesh-NE India)

Bhimunipatnam lies on the S side of the mouth of the large and shallow Gostani River. Vessels anchor in the open roadstead off the town to work cargo.
The town is built on the E slopes of a hill, 166m high, which is topped by some trees and a pyramidal obelisk. A white temple lies ...
12 Apr 12

Divi point (Andhra Pradesh-E India)

Divi Point is the SE extremity and False Divi Point is the SW extremity of the delta.
Ocean-going local craft use the river for about 6 months of the year.
Krishna Old Light, a white masonry tower, 44m high, lies about 9.5 miles ENE of False Divi Point. Another old lighthouse, ...
28 Mar 12

False Divi Point (E India)

False Divi Point is a low headland located at the northern end of the Coromandel Coast, in the state of Andhra Pradesh.
It is located at the apex of the Krishna River delta and covered by small mangroves. The area is low, swampy and dominated by mangroves.A bank, which dries in ...
28 Mar 12

Machilipatnam port (Andhra Pradesh-E India)

Machilipatnam (Masulipatam), the only port of the Krishna District, lies about 5 miles within the mouth of the creek of the same name about 11 miles N of Divi Point.
Vessels anchor in the roadstead to handle all cargo to and from native lighters.
Tel: +91 884 2363825 or +91 ...
28 Mar 12

Machilipatnam Lighthouse (Andhra Pradesh-E India)

New Machilipatnam Light is shown from a white, round, concrete tower with black bands, 3.8 miles NNE of the mouth of Machilipatnam Creek.
The great tsunami of 26 December 2004 swept away hundreds of people on the beach and reached the base of the lighthouse, but the tower was ...
28 Mar 12
Local Area

Bay of Bengal

The Bay of Bengal (largest bay in the world,) forms the northeastern part of the Indian Ocean. It is bordered mostly by the Eastern Coast of India, southern coast of Bangladesh and Sri Lanka to the west and Burma (Myanmar) and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands (part of India) to the ...
20 Nov 11

Indian Ocean

The Indian Ocean is the third largest of the world's oceanic divisions, covering about 20% of the Earth's water surface. It is bounded on the north by Asia (including the Indian subcontinent, after which it is named); on the west by Africa; on the east by Indochina, the Sunda Islands, ...
6 Apr 12

Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka  is an island country with maritime borders with India to the northwest and the Maldives to the southwest.
7 Jul 16

Palk Bay (E India)

Palk Bay, the continuation S of Palk Strait, is bounded on the E by the coast of Sri Lanka, on the S by Mannar Island, Adam’s Bridge, and Pamban Island, and on the W by the coast of India.The bay has general depths of 11 to 12.8m, but on its E side depths of 9.1m and less extend ...
23 Mar 12
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