Sailing Guide

Chennai (Madras) port (E India)

Chennai (Madras) port (E India)

Characteristics

Description

Chennai Port,  formerly known as Madras Port, is the second largest port of India, behind the Mumbai Port, and the largest port in the Bay of Bengal and the principal harbor of Coromandel coast. It is an artificial and all-weather port with wet docks that front s the center of the city. It was a major travel port before becoming a major container port.
The port with 3 docks, 24 berths and draft ranging from 12 to 16.5 m has become a hub port for containers, cars and project cargo in the east coast of India.

Weather

Cyclones at Chennai usually commence with the wind between NNW and NNE, the wind direction changing to the E or W according to whether the port is in the right-hand or left-hand semicircle of the storm. The Chennai coast is normally frequented by cyclones during May, October, and November.

Rainfall is almost entirely confined to the period from No Winds—Weather.—Cyclones at Chennai usually commence with the wind between NNW and NNE, the wind direction changing to the E or W according to whether the port is in the right-hand or left-hand semicircle of the storm. The Chennai coast is normally frequented by cyclones during May, October, and November.

Rainfall is almost entirely confined to the period from November to January during the Northeast Monsoon. In April and May, there are occasional squalls from the NW, usually in the early part of the night.

Weather reports are broadcast by the radio station at Chennai.

The climate of Chennai is considered quite hot. Even in the cooler months of December and January, the mean temperature is about 25°C.

Tides

The tides at Chennai are semidiurnal and subject to a diurnal inequality which may advance or retard the times of HW and LW; this inequality may increase or diminish the rise by as much as 0.3m.

Depths—Limitations

The approach channel, marked by the IALA Maritime Buoyage System (Region A), is dredged and maintained at a depth of 19.2m. Vessels are to keep at least 0.5 mile off the channel entry unless a pilot is on board.

The harbor entrance is maintained to a depth of 18.6m, and there is a swinging basin, 0.3 mile in diameter, lying immediately inside the harbor entrance with a maintained depth of 18m. In 1986, it was reported the port could accommodate vesels up to 274m length, with a draft of 16.2m.

Bharathi Dock, the N part of the harbor, is protected by the North Breakwater and East Breakwater; a light stands near the head of East Breakwater. Dock 1 and Dock 3, on the E side of Barathi Dock, are oil berths. Dock 2, located in the NW corner of the dock, is an iron ore berth.

A fully mechanized container terminal, with alongside charted depths of 11.5 to 12.5m, is located on the W side of Bharathi Dock close NW of North Pier.

The S part of the harbor, forming the Inner Harbor is protected by East Quay. The entrance lies between North Pier and a spur projecting from East Quay; it is 122m wide with a depth of 9.4m and marked by lighted beacons at each side of the entrance.

The protecting breakwater N of the spur is known as the sheltering arm; a light stands at the head of the arm. Dr. Ambedkar Dock (Inner Harbor) contains 12 berths alongside the quays and one fixed mooring.
It has been reported (2006) that the alongside depths are being increased to 15m.

Jawahar Dock, entered along the mid-section of South Quay of the inner harbor, has an overall length of 655m. The S end of the dock is used by LASH barges. It has been reported (2006) that the depth in the dock has been increased to 11.5m.

Chennai Fishing Harbor is located 1 mile N of Bharathi Dock and is sheltered by two extensive breakwaters which provides berths for up to 500 fishing vessels.

Depths off the harbor shoal gradually from the 20m curve, about 1.5 to 2 miles offshore, to a depth of 11m less than 0.3 mile E of the breakwaters.

The surf N and S of the harbor generally breaks about 122m from the beach in fine weather and about 183m in squally weather. During gales from the E, breakers were observed about 244m offshore; with an offshore wind, the surf is often very high and in the form of a heavy roller. During normal weather the surf wave is about 0.9 to 1.8m high, and during a gale from 3 to 3.7m high.

Pilotage

Pilotage is compulsory for vessels over 200 grt.


Signals

The Port Signal Station is located on the Harbor Office on the seaward end of the Transit Shed and Passenger Terminal on North Pier. International Code of Signals Flags and Morse code are employed.

Contact Information

The port can be contacted, as follows:
1. Call sign: Port Control
2. VHF channels 10 and 16
3. Tel: 91-44-25360833
4. Fax: 91-44-25384012
5. Mail: dc@chennaiport.gov.in

Anchorage

Chennai Roadstead is open to all except offshore winds. There is usually a swell from seaward which causes vessels to labor or roll considerably.

Vessels which are not awaiting berth on arrival are not to anchor N of latitude 13°06'N, and within Pilot Boarding Area No. 1 or Pilot Boarding Area No. 2, without prior approval from Port Control.

A dangerous wreck, with masts exposed, lies about 0.8 mile SE of the harbor entrance. It is marked by a lighted buoy lying 0.2 mile E.

An Examination Anchorage area is shown on the chart.

Caution.—Vessels are advised to be on the lookout for pirates attempting to board at night.
The roadstead fronting the harbor area is subject to a heavy surf.

11/07/2012
Update
AB
Chennai (Madras) port (E India)
26/03/2012
Update
Jojo
Chennai (Madras) port (E India)
26/03/2012
Update
Jojo
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Localisation

To precisely geolocate this site. Update if necessary.
Sites around Chennai (Madras) port (E India)
Flying distances - Direct line

Chennai lighthouse (E India)

4.1nm
201°
The Madras Light House is a lighthouse facing the Bay of Bengal. It is a famous landmark on the Marina Beach in Chennai. The lighthouse was opened in January 1977. It is one of the few lighthouses in the world and the only one in India with an elevator.
The currents N of Chennai ...
26 Mar 12

Ennore port (E India)

9.7nm
14°
Ennore Port, about 24 km north of Chennai Port, is  the first port in India which is a public company.
Ennore Port lies on the northeastern corner of the state of Tamil Nadu on a flat coastal plain known as the Eastern Coastal Plains, on the Coromandel coast.Depths—LimitationsThe ...
26 Mar 12

Ennur shoal (E India)

11nm
14°
Ennur Shoal, with depths of 0.9 to 8.5m, extends 2.5 miles NE from a position on the coast about 10.5 miles NNE of Chennai Harbor. The coast between Chennai and Ennur, about 9.5 miles NNE, is bordered by plantations of casuarina and palm trees.
26 Mar 12

Pulicat Shoals (E India)

16nm
Pulicat Shoals, a chain of hard, sandy patches with depths ranging from 4.3 to 9.1m, extends about 7.5 miles NNE from the N end of Ennur Shoal.
Several detached patches, with depths of 8.2 to 11m, lie within 3.8 miles N and NNW of the N end of Pulicat Shoals.
These shoals were ...
26 Mar 12

Pulicat lighthouse (Tamil Nadu-E India)

19nm
The Lighthouse station is separated from Pulicat town by a sea water channel.
The town of Pulicat lies on an island at the S end of Pulicat Lake and is visible from the offing. A tall conspicuous monument lies close N of the lighthouse near the beach.
The lighthouse at this ...
28 Mar 12

Mahabalipuram lighthouse (E India)

30nm
192°
Mahabalipuram is about 35 km from Chennai. Mahabalipuram also known as Mamallapuram was an important port built by Pallavas during the Seventh Century for the maritime trade with the countries of South East Asia and Mediterranean.In the ancient times the log fire on one of the high ...
26 Mar 12

Point Pudi (Andhra Pradesh-E India)

40nm
355°
Point Pudi, a low sandy point, is marked by clumps of palm trees. Armagon Shoal extends N from Point Pudi.
28 Mar 12

Armagon shoal (E India)

44nm
356°
Armagon Shoal, with depths ranging from 3 to 9.1m, extends about 15 miles N from a position 1.5 miles NE of Point Pudi.
A narrow, detached shoal, about 2.5 miles long, with depths of 10 to 11m, lies close N of the N end of Armagon Shoal. The sea sometimes breaks over the shallowest ...
26 Mar 12

Armagon light (Andra Pradesh-E India)

47nm
352°
Armagon Light is shown from a white round concrete tower with red bands, about 30m high, lying near the coast 7 miles NNW of Point Pudi.
28 Mar 12

Krishnapatnam port (Andra Pradesh-E India)

69nm
351°
Krishnapatnam or Kistnapatam is a port town in Muthukur mandal of Nellore district in Andhra Pradesh.Krishnapatnam is a major port and market center. It is situated at a distance of 24 km from Nellore City in Nellore District, the southernmost coastal district in the state of ...
28 Mar 12

Shallinger Shoal (Andra Pradesh-E India)

77nm
356°
Shallinger Shoal, a spit with depths of 3.2 to 4.6m, extends about 2.5 miles NE from the coast, 7.5 miles N of the mouth of the Upputeru River. A detached 5.5m patch lies 1.5 miles S of the NE extremity of Shallinger Shoal.
28 Mar 12

Pondicherry lighthouse (E India)

75nm
201°
Pondicherry Light, with a racon, is shown from a white tower with black bands. A ruined iron pier projects E about 0.2 mile from the shore, 1 mile NNE of the light.
The following landmarks are conspicuous from the offing:1. A red chimney, 56m high, about 1 mile WNW of the light.
2. ...
25 Mar 12
Local Area

Coromandel coast (E India)

The Coromandel Coast is the name given to the southeastern coast of the Indian Subcontinent between Cape Comorin and False Divi Point.
It may also include the southeastern coast of the island of Sri Lanka.
The coast is generally low, and punctuated by the deltas of several large ...
23 Mar 12

East Coast of India

India, or the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south and the Bay of Bengal on the south-east, it shares land borders with China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north-east; and Burma and Bangladesh to the east.
In the Indian Ocean, India ...
20 Mar 12

Bay of Bengal

The Bay of Bengal (largest bay in the world,) forms the northeastern part of the Indian Ocean. It is bordered mostly by the Eastern Coast of India, southern coast of Bangladesh and Sri Lanka to the west and Burma (Myanmar) and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands (part of India) to the ...
20 Nov 11

Indian Ocean

The Indian Ocean is the third largest of the world's oceanic divisions, covering about 20% of the Earth's water surface. It is bounded on the north by Asia (including the Indian subcontinent, after which it is named); on the west by Africa; on the east by Indochina, the Sunda Islands, ...
6 Apr 12

Nizampatam Bay (Andhra Pradesh-E India)

Nizampatam Bay lies between Kottapatam and False Divi Point, about 41 miles ENE, and recedes about 14 miles to the N. Except for the shoals in the vicinity of Mutapolli Bank, the bay is free from dangers and its shores may be approached with safety to a depth of 9.1m.A backwater is ...
28 Mar 12

Palk Strait North side (E India)

The N shore of Palk Strait consists of the low-lying coast between Point Calimere and a low point, about 39 miles WSW, which projects from the coast close S of the entrance to the Vellar River.
Between Point Calimere and Atirampattinam, about 29 miles W, the coast consists of mud ...
23 Mar 12
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