Sailing Guide

Calcutta port (W Nengal-NE India)

Calcutta port (W Nengal-NE India)

Characteristics

Description

The Port of Calcutta (Kolkata) is a riverine port in the city of Kolkata, India. It is the oldest operating port in India, having originally been constructed by the British East India Company.

The port of Calcutta extends from Budge Budge, about 21 miles above Hugli Point, to Konnagar, about 21 miles farther upriver, the limits being marked by boundary pillars.
The port is about 83 miles above the entrance of the Hugli River, and about 128 miles from Eastern Channel Light Vessel, near The Sandheads.

The Howrah Bridge, about 15 miles above the downriver boundary of the port, crosses the river above Howrah Railway
Terminus and is a steel cantilever structure, with tower on either side of the river which rises to a height of 91m. Several ferries ply across the river. The bridge marks the upper limit of navigation for ocean-going vessels.

Modern well-equipped berthing facilities are provided for all classes of vessels alongside and at the mooring buoys in the river.

Calcutta, the second largest commercial port in India, is also the site of the largest city.

Tides—Currents

Tides in the Hugli River at Calcutta are semidiurnal.

When regular, the flood runs 5 hours and the ebb runs 7 hours. During the Northeast Monsoon, the velocity of the current is 3 to 3.5 knots at springs and 1.5 to 2 knots at neaps. Between March and July, the velocity of the flood is increased and reaches a maximum velocity of 4 to 7 knots at springs.
During the freshets, July to October, the flood is weak and of short duration and at neaps may be nearly imperceptible; the ebb during freshets has a maximum velocity of 7 knots at springs. Anchors are then quickly buried by the silt, so that sometimes it is necessary to slip the cable and leave the anchor to be picked up by the Port Commissioners. The tidal currents set fair up and down Calcutta Reach.

Depths—Limitations

Mooring berths in the river have sufficient depths to accommodate any vessel that can enter the river. Depths at the moorings range from 5.5 to 15.2m, but vary according to their location in the river.

Kidderpore Docks comprise No. 1 Dock, No. 2 Docks, and a turning basin. The lock entrance from the river is 176.8m long and 24.4m wide. Vessels up to a maximum length of 157m and a beam of 21.3m can enter Kidderpore Docks. No. 1 Dock has
11 berths; No. 2 Dock has eight berths for general cargo and six coal berths. A depth of 9.1m exists alongside the berths in both docks.

Nataji Subhas Docks (King George Dock) lock entrance is 213.4m long and 27.4m wide. Vessels up to 172m may enter the dock. Seven berths, with a depth of 10m alongside, are available for ocean-going vessels. The other berthing facilities within the dock are for the sole use of lighters. In 1985, there were two container berths and cranes in Nataji Subhas Docks.

Garden Reach Jetties consist of five jetties for ocean-going vessels. Vessels, with lengths from 137 to 172m can be accommodated alongside.

Vessels berthed at Garden Reach Jetties are limited to a draft of 5.5m during bore periods.

Calcutta Jetties, which lie below Howrah Bridge, consist of nine jetties, but only five are available to ocean-going vessels.

The petroleum facilities at Buj-Buj (Budge Budge) consist of eight pontoon jetties. Vessels, with a maximum draft of 9.1m, can be accommodated alongside these berths.

Vessels mooring in the river are required to moor head stern, with two lower and stern cables shackled to the permanent moorings which are laid parallel with the banks.

Regulations

Port Regulations are supplied to vessels on arrival by the harbor master.

Rules regulating the handling of explosives are issued by the port authorities. Masters of vessels with explosives on board are required to give an advance notice of arrival of 72 hours.

Contact Information

The port can be contacted, as follows:
1. VHF: VHF channel 16
2. Telephone: 91-33-22303451
3. Facsimile: 91-33-22204901
4. E-mail: portofcalcutta@portofcalcutta.com

30/04/2012
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Calcutta port (W Nengal-NE India)
Calcutta waterfront
30/04/2012
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Calcutta port (W Nengal-NE India)
Calcutta quay
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Localisation

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Sites around Calcutta port (W Nengal-NE India)
Flying distances - Direct line

Haldia port (W Bengal-NE India)

35nm
203°
Haldia is a city and a major seaport and industrial belt located approximately 50 kilometres southwest of Calcutta near the mouth of the Hooghly River, one of the distributaries of the Ganges. It is in the Indian state of West Bengal.
Haldia is being developed as a major trade ...
30 Apr 12

Sagar road (Hugli river-India)

57nm
198°
Sagar Roads, the navigable entrance at the mouth of the Hugli River, lies about 2 miles W of the SW extremity of Sagar Island.

The navigable entrance channel leading to Sagar Roads is subject to change in position and direction to accompany the change in depths, which occur ...
28 Apr 12

Hugli River Entrance (W Bengal-India)

57nm
202°
Eastern Channel Light Vessel, which is frequently moved, marks the entrance of Eastern Channel, the main fairway leading to the Hugli River. Eastern Channel is available for use both by day and night and leads into Gaspar Channel, which in turn leads into Sagar Roads.

Caution ...
28 Apr 12

Subarnareka River (N Orissa-NE India)

80nm
221°
Subarnarekha River (also called Swarnarekha River) flows through the Indian states of Jharkhand, West Bengal and Orissa.
As per tradition, gold was mined near the origin of the river at a village named Piska near Ranchi. This is why it was named Subarnarekha, meaning ‘streak ...
26 Apr 12

Panchpara River (N Orissa-NE India)

92nm
226°
The Panchpara River discharges into the sea about 4.5 miles NE of the entrance of the Burhabalang River. The river is navigable only by small native craft capable of crossing the bar.
26 Apr 12

Baleshwar (or Balasore) (N Orissa-NE India)

98nm
228°
Baleshwar lies on the S bank of the Burhabalang River, about 16 miles above its mouth. This town was formerly a port of some importance, but in recent years there has been no seaborne trade.

Cargo is transported by barges from the anchorage in Baleshwar Road.
It is best ...
26 Apr 12

Kanika sand (Orissa-NE India)

128nm
215°
Kanika Sand, an extensive drying mud and sand flat, lies on the N side of the entrance channel about 0.8 to 5.5 miles W of Shortt Island. This flat has been reported extending to the SE.

The outer bar, which has a least depth of 1.5m, lies about 1.3 miles NNW of the middle ...
24 Apr 12

Shortt Island (Orissa-NE India)

128nm
213°
Shortt Island, 3 m high, is the largest of four small islands which lie on a drying shoal about 3 miles N of Maipura Point. The configuration of the island is constantly changing due to the continuous action of the sea. A tower, 17.3m high, stands close off the E side of the island.
24 Apr 12

Balisahi Point (Orissa-NE India)

128nm
217°
Balisahi Point is the extremity of the low land N of the entrance of the Dhamra River.

The coast between Balisahi Point and the entrance of the Hugli River, about 69 miles NE, is low, flat, and covered with scrub and mangroves along its S part. Southwest of Chandipur, the trees ...
24 Apr 12

Palmyras Point (Orissa-NE India)

131nm
214°
Palmyras Point, about 6 miles W of Shortt Island, is the N extremity of the low land which lies between the Maipura River and the Dhamra River. The point is difficult to distinguish because of the dense jungle growth which covers it. The low land on the N side of the Dhamra River ...
24 Apr 12

False point (Orissa-NE India)

161nm
213°
About 2.5 miles NNE of the Lion’s Rump, False Point lies between the two entrances of the Mahanadi River and has been reported to be a good radar target up to 17 miles.
The lighthouse on the point is shown from a white round masonry tower with red bands; the lighthouse is difficult ...
21 Apr 12

Paradip port (Orissa-NE India)

165nm
214°
Paradip lies on the coast about 6.5 miles ENE of the entrance of the Jatadharmhan River.
The port handles containers, general cargo, dry bulk cargo, and liquid bulk cargo.Depth—Limitations The port is approached through a channel with dredged depth of 12.8m. Vessels with a draft ...
21 Apr 12
Local Area

East Coast of India

India, or the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south and the Bay of Bengal on the south-east, it shares land borders with China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north-east; and Burma and Bangladesh to the east.
In the Indian Ocean, India ...
20 Mar 12

Bay of Bengal

The Bay of Bengal (largest bay in the world,) forms the northeastern part of the Indian Ocean. It is bordered mostly by the Eastern Coast of India, southern coast of Bangladesh and Sri Lanka to the west and Burma (Myanmar) and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands (part of India) to the ...
20 Nov 11

Indian Ocean

The Indian Ocean is the third largest of the world's oceanic divisions, covering about 20% of the Earth's water surface. It is bounded on the north by Asia (including the Indian subcontinent, after which it is named); on the west by Africa; on the east by Indochina, the Sunda Islands, ...
6 Apr 12

Hugli (Hooghly) River (NE India)

India’s Hugli River (sometimes spelled "Hooghly") is a Ganges River distributary, one of the many branches of the river that are collectively known as the "Mouths of the Ganges".Vessels entering the Hugli River approach Eastern Channel Light Vessel, which is moored about 46.5 ...
24 Jun 13

Kanika sand (Orissa-NE India)

Kanika Sand, an extensive drying mud and sand flat, lies on the N side of the entrance channel about 0.8 to 5.5 miles W of Shortt Island. This flat has been reported extending to the SE.

The outer bar, which has a least depth of 1.5m, lies about 1.3 miles NNW of the middle ...
24 Apr 12

False Bay (Orissa-NE India)

False Bay lies between Nurrea Banga Nassi and Maipura Point, about 20 miles NE, at the entrance of the Maipura River.
Depths in the bay decrease gradually toward the shore over a bottom of olive-green mud, in the S part, to a bottom of sand and mud, in the N part.
The shore ...
24 Apr 12
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