Sailing Guide

Baltic sea

Baltic sea

Characteristics

Description

The Baltic Sea is located in Northern Europe. It is bounded by the Scandinavian Peninsula, the mainland of Europe, and the Danish islands.

The Baltic sea is about 1600 km  long, an average of 193 km wide, and an average of 55 m  deep. The maximum depth is 459 m (1506 ft), on the Swedish side of the center.

On the long-term average, the Baltic Sea is ice-covered for about 45% of its surface area at the maximum annually. The ice-covered area during such a typical winter includes the Gulf of Bothnia, the Gulf of Finland, Gulf of Riga, Väinameri in the Estonian archipelago, the Stockholm archipelago and the Archipelago Sea. The remainder of the Baltic itself does not freeze during a normal winter, with the exception of sheltered bays and shallow lagoons such as the Curonian Lagoon. The ice reaches its maximum extent in February or March; typical ice thickness in the northernmost areas in the Bothnian Bay, the northern basin of the Gulf of Bothnia, is about 70 cm (28 in) for landfast sea ice. The thickness decreases farther south.

Freezing begins in the northern extremities of Gulf of Bothnia typically in middle of November, reaching the open waters of Bothnian Bay in early January. The Bothnian Sea, the basin south Kvarken, freezes on average in late February. The Gulf of Finland and the Gulf of Riga freeze typically in late January. In 2011, the Gulf of Finland was completely frozen on 15 February.

25/07/2011
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Localisation

To precisely geolocate this site. Update if necessary.
Sites around Baltic sea
Flying distances - Direct line

Gulf of Bothnia

The Gulf of Bothnia (Finnish: Pohjanlahti; Swedish: Bottniska viken, i.e. Bottenviken + Bottenhavet) is the northernmost arm of the Baltic Sea.
1 Oct 10

Gulf of Finland

Provide here details on the zone. You can put text or images.
29 Sep 10

Stockholm Archipelago


Stockholm Archipelago ... over 30,000 islets and islands / rocks to enjoy. Unspoilt and clean - a paradise for cruising boats who enjoy natural surroundings. Unhurried and friendly.
Sailor remarks
Initial impression when looking at charts of the Archipelago tend to frighten ...
26 Jul 11

Gulf of Riga

 The maximum depth of the Gulf of Riga is 67 m. The island of Saaremaa (Estonia) partially separates it from the rest of the Baltic Sea. The main exit out of the gulf is the Irbe Strait. Ruhnu island, in the middle of the gulf, also belongs to Estonia. Notable cities in this ...
26 Jul 11

Øresund

Øresund en Danish or Öresund in swedish is the sound situated between Denmark and Sweden. More precisely between the Seeland island and Scania. Oresund is the link between Baltic sea in the south and Kattegat sound in North sea direction.It is 8km long and between 3 and 4 km large. ...
29 Sep 10

Rügen

Rügen is the largest island of Germany with over twelve “Bodden” (lagoon-like waters) connected up to each other by small bays. West winds dominate and high seas have to be expected.
26 Jun 14

Gdansk (outer port)

Large port which performs its operations on piers, quays and cargo handling jetties situated immediately on the waters of the Gulf of Gdansk.
25 Jun 14

Gdynia

Large harbour well protected by  breakwaters. It has three netrances. The main one is 150m wide and and can accomodate ships with a  draught of 13m.
26 Jun 14

Westerplatte

Acess to the inner port of Gdansk (Nowy port)
29 Jun 14

Gdansk (inner port)

The inner port offers facilities to handle containerised cargo and passenger ferries.
25 Jun 14

Marina Sierra Grobla

Small marina on the Motlawa river.
26 Jun 14

Marina Gdansk

Nice modern marina  on Motlawa River in the historical centre of the hanseatic city of Gdansk. The harbour is 290 m long  near the Maritime Museum of Gdansk. Harbour’s capacity 80 berths. Possibly of ordering a full range of repair works and harbour services. 24h ...
25 Jun 14

Visby

Port protected by a breakwater.
29 Jul 11

Turku

Harbor.
30 Jul 11

Turku - Forum Marinum

Naval museum where you can see the tall ship "Suomen Joutsen". She was built in 1902 by Chantiers de Penhoët in St. Nazaire, France, as Laënnec. In 1930 she became a school ship for the Finnish Navy.
4 Feb 15

Kallo Club Nautico

Harbor protected by a breakwater.
30 Jul 11

Port Utska

AccessThe port il located at the mouth of the <slupia river.The port entrance is 40 m width within two parallel concrete moles.The maximum dimensions fo vessels entering the port are:- length : 58m
- width : 11.5m
- draught : 4.5m
27 Jun 14

Mariehamn East

Image.  L
8 May 16

Sandhamn

Approach To get to Sandhamn you sail from the beacon-illuminated route north of Sandön. Shallow-draught boats can even take the KSSS marked route between Telegrafholmen and Lökholmen.Speed Limits From the route north of Sandön to the south of Lökholmen, there is a speed ...
27 Apr 14

Karlskrona harbour

Small port.
29 Jul 11

Naval Port of Karlskrona

Karlskrona is an exceptionally well preserved example of a European planned naval town, which incorporates elements derived from earlier establishments in other countries and which was in its turn to serve as the model for subsequent towns with similar functions.
19 Aug 07

Gålö

Good spot to stay over night or a  few Days. On shore a toilet free to use. Free for all to use.
14 Mar 15

Nynashamn

Port.
29 Jul 11

Gustavsberg

Small port.
30 Jul 11
Local Area

NE Atlantic Ocean

The Atlantic Ocean is the second-largest of the world's oceanic divisions; with a total area of about 106.4 million square kilometres (41.1 million square miles), it covers approximately one-fifth of the Earth's surface.
The Atlantic Ocean has irregular coasts indented by numerous ...
31 Jul 11

Kattegat

The Kattegat  or Kattegatt  is the sea area bounded by the Jutland peninsula and the Straits islands of Denmark .The main islands of the Kattegat are Samsø, Læsø and Anholt, where the latter two, due to their dry summer climate, are referred to as the Danish desert belt. ...
25 Jul 11

Skagerrak

The Skagerrak is a strait running between Norway and the southwest coast of Sweden and the Jutland peninsula of Denmark, connecting the North Sea and the Kattegat sea area, which leads to the Baltic Sea.
The S side of the Skagerrak extending between Hanstholm and Skagen, about ...
25 Jul 11

North sea

The North Sea is a marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean on the European continental shelf. It connects with the rest of the Atlantic through the Dover Strait and the English Channel in the south and through the Norwegian Sea in the north.
23 Dec 07

Irish sea

1 Jan 70

Manche - English Channel

The English Channel (French: La Manche, "the sleeve") is an arm of the Atlantic Ocean that separates the island of Great Britain from northern France.
A number of major islands are situated in the Channel, as the Isle of Wight off the English coast and the British crown dependencies ...
3 Jun 12
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