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Bora is the name of the cold and dry NE or N wind which blows with great strength and affects the Adriatic Sea in the cool season. It is much less frequent and generally much weaker in summer. This wind is felt strongly along both sides of the Adriatic and is especially violent where mountains fall steeply to the coast. Winds from the SE, S, and SW sometimes blow with great force and cause rough seas along the E side of the Adriatic Sea.
Rijeka - Zadar
During spring and summer, moderate SE and N winds prevail. The former is accompanied by rain squalls and lasts generally two or three days. The N wind brings good weather and is encountered at night, sometimes beginning about 2 hours before sunrise, then ceasing at sunrise. During summer, SSW or WNW breezes are usual during daylight.
In autumn and winter, the bora is the most violent wind encountered, enduring often for two or three days. In the S part of the area it is more moderate than in the N part, where, in Tihi Kanal and its vicinity, it can achieve hurricane force. The sciroccoin winter is also strong and is accompanied by continuous rain. The libeccio is also encountered in severe force for a few hours, declining in velocity but continuing thereafter with mist and rain for long periods
The winds and weather in Velebitski Kanal and in Mali Kvarneric are those prevailing generally in the Gulf of Quarnaro. The high land of the NE shore of Velebitski Kanal produces violent bora squalls rendering navigation dangerous, especially since there are few tolerable anchorages. Small vessels usually hug the NE shore so that refuge can be obtained quickly in its coves and never remain underway at night during winter.The bora blows violently in Mali Kvarneric but shelter can be found at times to leeward of some of the islands.
The scirocco blows stronger in the N part of Mali Kvarneric than in the S.
The summer land breeze blows from the E and the sea breeze blows from the NW. Often in place of the sea breeze there are variable light airs and calms, most particularly in the S part of Mali Kvarneric. Calms are rare near Ostrvo Rab, where local variable winds are frequent.
Split - Dubrovnik
Along this part of the coast, the bora blows with violence, especially close to the mainland, attaining its greatest force off Uvala Vrulja, at the E end of Bracki Kanal. The whole of Splitski Kanal and its entrance channels, as well as the S shore of Ostrvo Brac, are swept with strong bora winds. An indication of an arriving bora is the formation over the coastal peaks of white clouds, from which radiate small plumes.
Montenegro - Albania
Along this coast the sirocco and the bora, which is forecast by the formation of masses of white clouds above or behind the mountains, are most prevalent during the autumn and winter months. The mistraele is the prevailing wind during the summer months and SW winds frequently attain considerable force and set up high seas. Land and sea breezes, alternating with great regularity, prevail during the summer months and frequently cause a rather heavy sea.
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